Definition of serine in English:

serine

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A hydrophilic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins.

    • ‘Hydroxyl radicals oxidize amino acids such as lysine, serine, arginine, and proline.’
    • ‘The active site of trypsin involves a catalytic triad consisting of the amino acids serine, histidine and aspartic acid.’
    • ‘In animal cells serine, threonine and tyrosine are the amino acids subject to phosphorylation.’
    • ‘The overall photorespiratory cycle is also linked to amino acid metabolism in that glycine, serine, glutamate, and glutamine are metabolized at high rates.’
    • ‘All of these silks are composed of protein chains in which the amino acids glycine, alanine, and serine dominate.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Latin sericum silk + -ine.

Pronunciation:

serine

/ˈsɪəriːn//ˈsɛriːn/