Definition of seize in English:

seize

verb

  • 1[with object] Take hold of suddenly and forcibly:

    ‘she jumped up and seized his arm’
    ‘he seized hold of the door handle’
    • ‘Jin escaped Vamp's hold, only to be seized by the arms.’
    • ‘The two attendants quickly hurried forward and roughly seized Angel about her arms.’
    • ‘He quickly seized her wrist and pinned it to her side.’
    • ‘Instead of replying Faith seized her by the hand and began pulling her along.’
    • ‘He quickly seized it with one hand and pointed it at the door.’
    • ‘She seized the older boy by the arm and drew him inside.’
    grab, grasp, snatch, seize hold of, grab hold of, take hold of, lay hold of, lay hands on, lay one's hands on, get one's hands on, take a grip of, grip, clutch, take, pluck
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    1. 1.1 Take forcible possession of:
      ‘army rebels seized an air force base’
      ‘the current President seized power in a coup’
      • ‘He has admitted he was one of the 32 armed rebels who seized the school last September.’
      • ‘The allies had made several attempts to capture it so they could go on and seize Rome.’
      • ‘The British army seized New York City in September 1776 and continued to occupy it when Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown five years later.’
      • ‘In 1862 he moved to the western theater, leading part of the Union army that seized Corinth, Mississippi.’
      • ‘He could not seize Rome and secure his logistic base.’
      • ‘On Oct.23, 2002, Chechen rebels seized a Moscow theater and held hostages for three days.’
      • ‘Things did turn sour, though, when Chechen rebels seized a Moscow theater.’
      • ‘The government had for days promised an all-out offensive against the rebels who seized half the country after a bloody coup attempt on September 19.’
      capture, take, overrun, annex, occupy, take possession of, conquer, take over, subjugate, subject, colonize
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    2. 1.2 (of the police or another authority) take possession of (something) by warrant or legal right:
      ‘police have seized 726 lb of cocaine’
      • ‘Forensic tests are now being carried out on items seized by police.’
      • ‘This is the haul of alcohol seized by police in an undercover operation targeting young drinkers.’
      • ‘A large haul of weapons was also seized in the raids.’
      • ‘In addition to the arrests, caches of arms have also been seized.’
      • ‘Hundreds of miniature lead soldiers seized in a burglary bust are to be reunited with their owner.’
      • ‘The problem was that he needed access to funds seized by the police for legal fees.’
      • ‘The drugs and property gained from sale of the drugs were seized as evidence.’
      • ‘A transit van was also seized by officers, who are continuing their investigation.’
      • ‘Drugs worth billions of rands were seized by the police last year, the department of detective services said yesterday.’
      • ‘In 1993, 53.15 tons of cannabis were seized by the government.’
      • ‘Police are examining computer equipment seized during the search.’
      • ‘His right to possession may be suspended or temporarily divested if the goods are seized by the police under lawful authority.’
      • ‘Though he intended to crop out all identifying details, the uncropped negatives were seized by the police and leaked to the press, setting off a media firestorm.’
      • ‘An amount of ecstasy tablets were also seized in this raid.’
      • ‘Officers believe the amount of cannabis seized by officers will seriously impact supplies throughout south London and beyond.’
      • ‘Magic mushrooms and cannabis plants were seized by police officers carrying out a drugs raid on a house in Atworth.’
      • ‘He was immediately seized by Canadian immigration authorities and has been held in detention since February.’
      • ‘His captors had sent e-mails to government and news organizations on a computer later seized by the Pakistani police.’
      • ‘Customs officers at Dublin Airport yesterday seized a drugs shipment worth €1.3m which was bound for New York.’
      • ‘They also produced receipts which they said identified where all of the items seized by the police had been purchased.’
      confiscate, impound, commandeer, requisition, appropriate, expropriate, take possession of, sequester, sequestrate, take away, take over, take
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  • 2Take (an opportunity) eagerly and decisively:

    ‘he seized his chance to attack as Carr hesitated’
    • ‘Find opportunities and seize chances to convey the message of Islam to others.’
    • ‘We must admit that China's decision to seize a business opportunity to promote Chinese language has had good results.’
    • ‘Logically, one would think that the church would embrace this opportunity and seize the chance to equip the saints for the work of the Kingdom.’
    • ‘This is an opportunity they must seize with both hands.’
    • ‘The British National party quickly seized the opportunity to exploit the attack.’
    • ‘A decision to seize the opportunity they present could have a major impact on the left internationally.’
    • ‘She has seized every opportunity during seven years in the Navy, and recently took the position as the top Sailor in her field.’
    • ‘The Government has set targets for reducing CO2 emissions that we will stand no chance of meeting unless we seize opportunities to invest in renewable energy when we can.’
    • ‘This is a momentous opportunity that Indonesia must seize.’
    • ‘What unplanned opportunities have you seized, and how?’
    • ‘Germany seized its opportunity following its victory over France in the 1871 war.’
    • ‘Limerick will know that they should have seized the opportunity because the chance was there, playing against a 14-man Kerry team at home.’
    • ‘She seized the opportunity and there has been no looking back since.’
    • ‘Cooper writes about post-modern politics as an opportunity we must seize.’
    • ‘This season, injuries to others gave him his opportunity; he seized his chance with aplomb, and has been clinging to the shirt ever since.’
    • ‘This magnificent opportunity was eagerly seized by modernizing employers.’
    • ‘This is a conflict that can widen or an opportunity we can seize.’
    • ‘They were being offered a regular and secure investment opportunity which they seized with alacrity.’
    • ‘You find the miracles in opportunities seized, in magic believed.’
    • ‘Warner quickly seized the opportunity and immediately signed the prodigious talent.’
  • 3(of a feeling or pain) affect (someone) suddenly or acutely:

    ‘he was seized by the most dreadful fear’
    • ‘As the evening comes on, an incomprehensible feeling of disquietude seizes me, just as if night concealed some terrible menace toward me.’
    • ‘Fear seized her as she suddenly realized that something was indeed different.’
    • ‘A foreign emotion seized Jason as he watched the scene.’
    • ‘No temptation has seized you except what is common to man.’
    • ‘All the clutter on his desk was spread out in front of me, and a great curiosity seized me.’
    • ‘I saw them stand up and leave and panic seized me.’
    • ‘Momentary panic seized him, and he patted urgently at his pockets, discovering with relief that the things he would need were still there.’
    • ‘I was sitting at my desk, hunched over a grammar worksheet, when the feeling seized me.’
    • ‘Suddenly she was seized with fear, not of death itself, but of what comes after death.’
    • ‘Three miles into the journey she was seized with labour pains.’
    • ‘A sudden panic seized her, and Lila hurriedly tripped her way to the glass doors, managing to arrive there just as he was about to walk out.’
    • ‘He'd never seen, never imagined, the like of this moment, and a vast, inarticulate longing seized him.’
    • ‘For a moment, panic seized her as she stiffened, sitting up abruptly.’
    • ‘Rage seized him, filling his throat so that he could not speak.’
    • ‘Fury seized John when he learned of Daisy's destination.’
    • ‘Panic seized her as Pearl felt herself being led towards the water.’
    • ‘She felt an irrational anger seize her at this small disturbance in the palace routine.’
    • ‘Panic seized me as I realized she might have said her name during one of those auditory lapses.’
    • ‘I gasp sharply as a sudden pain seizes me around my waist.’
    • ‘Panic seized me as I realized Jacob had not been selected.’
  • 4Strongly appeal to or attract (the imagination or attention):

    ‘the story of the king's escape seized the public imagination’
    • ‘This was not the first time that torture had seized public attention.’
    • ‘The damage is done, though - the public mind seized.’
    • ‘Anderson has deftly avoided falling into a number of traps since she first seized the public's attention.’
    • ‘These numbers are so large that they may escape - rather than seize - the public's attention.’
    • ‘Still, there are plenty of poor, mountainous countries where cycling hasn't seized the public imagination.’
    • ‘The prospect of this raft of equity raising has seized and appalled the collective imagination of the City.’
    • ‘After years of growing estrangement, cricket recognised its chance to seize the public's imagination.’
    • ‘To succeed, the scheme had to seize shoppers' imaginations and change their habits.’
    • ‘However, this miraculous story seems to have seized the public imagination, earning a few minutes on most evening news programs.’
    • ‘The Republicans won by marshalling the Right and manipulating and controlling words and images - really seizing the public imaginary.’
    • ‘Voters will switch off in even bigger numbers: the clash of ideas is what seizes the public imagination, not the comparison of pilot schemes.’
    1. 4.1formal Understand (something) quickly or clearly:
      ‘he always strains to seize the most sombre truths’
      • ‘You are impressed with how nice and friendly the people are and you quickly seize those elements of culture which are similar to your own.’
    2. 4.2be seized of Be aware or informed of:
      ‘the judge was fully seized of the point’
      • ‘Earlier, the Supreme Court refused to intervene in the matter on the ground that the President was seized of the matter under Article 72 of the Constitution.’
      • ‘One has looked in vain every week in the Craven Herald for some sign that the district council was seized of the need for more parking provision.’
      • ‘The former Union health minister had said that the Centre was seized of the issue and had constituted a high-level committee to investigate the lapses in the Vitamin A campaign.’
      • ‘The Industrial Tribunal is seized of all matters in issue between the parties and is the proper forum.’
      • ‘We are taking stock of the situation and are seized of the matter.’
  • 5[no object] (of a machine with moving parts) become jammed:

    ‘the engine seized up after only three weeks’
    • ‘The engine seized up on it, or I never would've sold it to that high-school kid who wanted to fix it up in shop class.’
    • ‘If you run out of oil, the piston cannot move up and down freely in the cylinder, and the engine will seize.’
    • ‘There was a sound that Saint Magnum had never heard before, and then his engine suddenly seized up.’
    • ‘Gifted by the Danish government in 1984, this plant worked for exactly 21 days before its machinery seized up.’
    • ‘The mechanisms often seize through lack of use, but with the wiper motor removed - a relatively simple task - it's possible to get to the problem areas and apply penetrating oil.’
    • ‘The only question was what would happen first, the leaf patch bursting or the engine seizing up?’
    • ‘If I worked on the right hand shock absorber, why call me when the engine seized up on you?’
    • ‘Yesterday the exhaust fell off my car, today the brakes seized!’
    • ‘The right oil mix must be maintained or the engine will seize.’
    • ‘If everyone thinks your ball bearings cause brake linings to seize up, then they do, regardless of what the truth of the matter is.’
    • ‘The engine seized and the car ended up at the scrap yard.’
    • ‘The unit seized up with rattles and clanks, vibrating madly, falling supine upon the ground.’
    • ‘Monks can't do this now because the mechanism has seized up.’
    • ‘There is an amazing footage of Barry stepping off at 170 mph on the banking at Daytona after his engine seizes.’
    • ‘The engine had indeed seized but things were not as serious as I thought.’
    stick, become stuck, catch, become immobilized, become unable to move, become fixed, become wedged, become lodged, become trapped
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  • 6English Law
    be seized ofBe in legal possession of:

    ‘the court is currently seized of custody applications’
    • ‘In the context of whether a court is seised of proceedings for the purposes of Article 21, the question whether those proceedings have been served is not determined by the foreign domestic rules of procedure.’
    • ‘Subject to these general propositions we must turn to English procedural law in order to determine at what point of time an English Court is seised of the proceedings.’
    • ‘In my judgment, a court which grants provisional measures is not by virtue of that fact alone definitively seised of jurisdiction on the merits of the dispute.’
    • ‘The judge below seems to have tried this claim for all the world as if he were seised of the original action against the insurance brokers.’
    • ‘If the tribunal remains seised of the matter until the actual direction for conditional discharge is given, it seems to us highly desirable that the Tribunal should be able to have regard to relevant fresh material, should there be any.’
    1. 6.1historical Have or receive freehold possession of (property):
      ‘any person who is seized of land has a protected interest in that land’
      • ‘Mr Sorrell is currently in possession of the property, and is accordingly presumed to be seised of an estate in fee simple.’

Phrases

  • seize the day

    • Make the most of the present moment.

      • ‘It is all about application and seizing the day.’
      • ‘They wanted me to seize the day and live the moment and not play by the rules.’
      • ‘For now, though, the self-styled rebels have seized the day, bulldozing over their quieter, more process-oriented neighbors like a defiant road in the wilderness.’
      • ‘In doing so, we need to decisively seize the day, and broaden the agenda.’
      • ‘David Murphy is one who believes that they have to seize the day.’
      • ‘Carpe diem - seize the day - became my unspoken motto.’
      • ‘They, and the President who leads them, are determined to seize the day.’
      • ‘Rather than being bold and seizing the day, we became mired in self-flagellation and uncertainty.’
      • ‘It may turn out that while the big domestic banks are focused on foreign competitors, smaller domestic rivals combining Western best-practices and an intimate understanding of the local market will seize the day.’
      • ‘However, it does reveal the underlying mindset that allowed these budding war criminals to seize the day without any obvious conscience.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • seize on/upon

    • Take eager advantage of (something):

      ‘any momentary upturn was seized upon as evidence of recovery’
      • ‘United also seized upon that advantage to exert almost complete dominance of the match and finish the half well on top, and looking like they were going to run out easy winners.’
      • ‘Even if the society or organisation is going broke, in fact especially if it is, people will find ways of not discussing it, while seizing on minor details.’
      • ‘Yet at the same time any signs of progress are seized upon as evidence of a potential positive outcome.’
      • ‘They read voraciously, taking full advantage of educational and creative opportunities and seizing upon the opportunity to perform Shakespeare partly because they consider his words the ultimate challenge.’
      • ‘Democrats are seizing upon this as evidence that the party needs to find candidates and campaign language that appeal to religiously motivated voters.’
      • ‘The U.S. will eagerly seize on any gesture of cooperation from the Germans.’
      • ‘In Washington, that would undoubtedly have been seized on as evidence of a calculated personality cult.’
      • ‘Henry Jekyll's own final testament adds one small detail, which has been eagerly seized on by film-makers.’
      • ‘Biologists were quick to seize upon this as the longed-for evidence of natural selection in action.’
      • ‘We should not imitate that by seizing on bad metaphysics as an excuse for ignoring valid scientific observations.’
      • ‘Their views have been eagerly seized upon by lovers of conspiracy theories.’
      • ‘As a number of Irish brokerage firms gear up to roll out internet trading, some investors will no doubt eagerly seize on the opportunity to have almost instant access to the stock market.’
      • ‘Subtle advantages such as those are seized upon when resources are so conspicuously lacking.’
      • ‘So who exactly was it who ‘jumped the gun’ and showed credulity in seizing upon a fanciful story to promote their position?’
      grasp, grasp with both hands, leap at, snatch, jump at, pounce on, exploit
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Origin

Middle English: from Old French seizir give seisin, from medieval Latin sacire, in the phrase ad proprium sacire claim as one's own, from a Germanic base meaning procedure.

Pronunciation:

seize

/siːz/