Definition of sedative in English:

sedative

adjective

  • Promoting calm or inducing sleep:

    ‘the seeds have a sedative effect’
    • ‘Antihistamines are sometimes used but mainly for sedative effect.’
    • ‘Antidepressant and sedative drugs gave troublesome side effects and only temporary relief.’
    • ‘These heavy mineral substances tend to create more grounding sedative effects that help calm the mind and emotions.’
    • ‘Other mild sedative herbs are linden (lime flower) and lemon verbena.’
    • ‘In most cases patients did not respond to the usual doses of antipsychotics and sedative agents.’
    • ‘Butterbur should be considered for treating seasonal allergic rhinitis when the sedative effects of antihistamines need to be avoided.’
    • ‘Studies show sedative herbs gently depress the central nervous system, thus calming you and inducing sleep.’
    • ‘In pharmacological interventions, analgesic and sedative agents were more often used concomitantly than individually.’
    • ‘He should omit sedative drugs and reduce his alcohol intake.’
    • ‘Mechanical ventilation and use of paralytic and sedative agents impair communication between patients and others.’
    • ‘Tolerance towards the sedative effects seems to develop before tolerance to the stimulatory effects.’
    • ‘The second-generation antihistamines were developed principally to avoid sedative actions.’
    • ‘Thus, sedative effects potentially could accumulate with repeated administration.’
    • ‘Limited evidence from one animal study suggests that hops may potentiate the effects of sedative drugs.’
    • ‘Their findings supported the use of hypnosis as a substitute for sedative drug use.’
    • ‘Research has shown that the flower of the mimosa tree has a sedative effect.’
    • ‘"Eating a large meal will have a sedative effect, " says Young.’
    tranquillizing, calming, depressant, soothing, calmative, relaxing, soporific
    neuroleptic
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noun

  • A drug taken for its calming or sleep-inducing effect:

    ‘she won't let them give her sedatives because of the baby’
    ‘a mild sedative’
    • ‘Doctors sometimes prescribe sedatives like Valium to alleviate the symptoms.’
    • ‘They pinned her to the floor, swabbed her arm and injected the sedative in her.’
    • ‘You should be grateful that I'm not smoking pot or injecting sedatives!’
    • ‘When used alone, sedatives were administered a little more often than were analgesics.’
    • ‘A total of 11.6 % of patients received sedatives before and/or during procedures.’
    • ‘Because of this action, alcohol produces similar effects as the sedatives but through an independent mechanism.’
    • ‘Before the tears came, Doctor Lee mercifully injected Robert with a powerful sedative.’
    • ‘Is it the sedative administered by Sheeran or is it something else?’
    • ‘Staff had trouble controlling the man and a doctor prescribed an oral sedative.’
    • ‘She had become dependent on a variety of drugs - sedatives, amphetamines and various narcotics, including heroin.’
    • ‘Effie put down the medical bag, took out a hypodermic and filled it with a powerful sedative.’
    • ‘Doctors prescribed sedatives, painkillers and rest, and advised sufferers to pull themselves together.’
    • ‘Another psychiatrist also gave her sedatives and sleeping pills.’
    • ‘Biopsies can be uncomfortable and you may be given a mild sedative or local anaesthetic.’
    • ‘This strategy may prevent accumulation of sedatives by allowing the drugs to be eliminated between doses.’
    • ‘A final medical alternative includes short-term use of prescription sedatives to combat withdrawal symptoms.’
    • ‘The child should not receive sedatives or opiates as these may depress the respiratory drive.’
    • ‘You may be given a mild sedative to help you relax.’
    • ‘To help you relax, you may receive a sedative intravenously.’
    • ‘For dogs who travel in the family car, valerian is one of the most powerful herbal sedatives and tranquillisers.’
    tranquillizer, calmative, depressant, sleeping pill, soporific, narcotic, opiate
    neuroleptic
    trank, sleeper, downer
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French sedatif or medieval Latin sedativus, from Latin sedat- settled, from the verb sedare (see sedate).

Pronunciation

sedative

/ˈsɛdətɪv/