Definition of sedative in English:

sedative

adjective

  • Promoting calm or inducing sleep.

    ‘the seeds have a sedative effect’
    • ‘Butterbur should be considered for treating seasonal allergic rhinitis when the sedative effects of antihistamines need to be avoided.’
    • ‘In most cases patients did not respond to the usual doses of antipsychotics and sedative agents.’
    • ‘Mechanical ventilation and use of paralytic and sedative agents impair communication between patients and others.’
    • ‘He should omit sedative drugs and reduce his alcohol intake.’
    • ‘Antidepressant and sedative drugs gave troublesome side effects and only temporary relief.’
    • ‘Other mild sedative herbs are linden (lime flower) and lemon verbena.’
    • ‘In pharmacological interventions, analgesic and sedative agents were more often used concomitantly than individually.’
    • ‘Antihistamines are sometimes used but mainly for sedative effect.’
    • ‘Thus, sedative effects potentially could accumulate with repeated administration.’
    • ‘Tolerance towards the sedative effects seems to develop before tolerance to the stimulatory effects.’
    • ‘These heavy mineral substances tend to create more grounding sedative effects that help calm the mind and emotions.’
    • ‘Research has shown that the flower of the mimosa tree has a sedative effect.’
    • ‘The second-generation antihistamines were developed principally to avoid sedative actions.’
    • ‘"Eating a large meal will have a sedative effect, " says Young.’
    • ‘Limited evidence from one animal study suggests that hops may potentiate the effects of sedative drugs.’
    • ‘Their findings supported the use of hypnosis as a substitute for sedative drug use.’
    • ‘Studies show sedative herbs gently depress the central nervous system, thus calming you and inducing sleep.’
    tranquillizing, calming, depressant, soothing, calmative, relaxing, soporific
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noun

  • A drug taken for its calming or sleep-inducing effect.

    ‘she won't let them give her sedatives because of the baby’
    ‘a mild sedative’
    • ‘The child should not receive sedatives or opiates as these may depress the respiratory drive.’
    • ‘Doctors sometimes prescribe sedatives like Valium to alleviate the symptoms.’
    • ‘Doctors prescribed sedatives, painkillers and rest, and advised sufferers to pull themselves together.’
    • ‘Staff had trouble controlling the man and a doctor prescribed an oral sedative.’
    • ‘This strategy may prevent accumulation of sedatives by allowing the drugs to be eliminated between doses.’
    • ‘They pinned her to the floor, swabbed her arm and injected the sedative in her.’
    • ‘To help you relax, you may receive a sedative intravenously.’
    • ‘Biopsies can be uncomfortable and you may be given a mild sedative or local anaesthetic.’
    • ‘You may be given a mild sedative to help you relax.’
    • ‘Before the tears came, Doctor Lee mercifully injected Robert with a powerful sedative.’
    • ‘Is it the sedative administered by Sheeran or is it something else?’
    • ‘A final medical alternative includes short-term use of prescription sedatives to combat withdrawal symptoms.’
    • ‘You should be grateful that I'm not smoking pot or injecting sedatives!’
    • ‘Because of this action, alcohol produces similar effects as the sedatives but through an independent mechanism.’
    • ‘Another psychiatrist also gave her sedatives and sleeping pills.’
    • ‘When used alone, sedatives were administered a little more often than were analgesics.’
    • ‘She had become dependent on a variety of drugs - sedatives, amphetamines and various narcotics, including heroin.’
    • ‘Effie put down the medical bag, took out a hypodermic and filled it with a powerful sedative.’
    • ‘A total of 11.6 % of patients received sedatives before and/or during procedures.’
    • ‘For dogs who travel in the family car, valerian is one of the most powerful herbal sedatives and tranquillisers.’
    tranquillizer, calmative, depressant, sleeping pill, soporific, narcotic, opiate
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French sedatif or medieval Latin sedativus, from Latin sedat- ‘settled’, from the verb sedare (see sedate).

Pronunciation

sedative

/ˈsɛdətɪv/