Definition of season in English:



  • 1Each of the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) marked by particular weather patterns and daylight hours, resulting from the earth's changing position with regard to the sun.

    • ‘Now most places in the world you have four seasons; winter, spring, summer, fall but not so in Barbados.’
    • ‘The species change with the seasons and conditions.’
    • ‘Her life in Temuka was lived in seasons and catching the food associated with that season.’
    • ‘Greyfriars Municipal Arts Gallery is changing its opening hours for the autumn season.’
    • ‘They also learnt not to worry about quiet times in the summer as the winter season is so busy.’
    • ‘The following table provides a useful guide to fluctuations in pollen levels in Ireland during the spring, summer and autumn seasons.’
    • ‘She's out to capture the gigantic and ephemeral movements of weather, seasons and daylight.’
    • ‘The fruit of apple trees can prove invaluable to different species of wildlife throughout the autumn and winter seasons.’
    • ‘It defies the cold grip of the season by indulging in festivity.’
    • ‘We may still be in the season of spring but summer faithfully follows and forward planning is all important.’
    • ‘We are two-thirds of the way through the winter season without any cold weather or significant snowfall.’
    • ‘We are doing different things with different foods as the season changes.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, meteorologists predicted typical for the winter season weather in January.’
    • ‘Flowers, for instance, give pleasure, because they are predictors of fruit later in the season.’
    • ‘Further, grizzly bear switch resource preferences as the spring, summer, and autumn seasons progress.’
    • ‘Let's see it sorted out before we revert to the predicted cycle of wet autumn/winter/spring seasons.’
    • ‘This meant that the Native Americans were no longer ruled by the seasons when planning their food supply.’
    • ‘When I think of Earth, I think of the variety of the land we have and how it relates to the four major seasons, winter, spring, summer and autumn.’
    • ‘But it's both the changing seasons and special events that bring repeat visitors.’
    • ‘The temperate regions of southern Australia have four seasons, with cool winters and hot summers.’
    1. 1.1 A period of the year characterized by a particular climatic feature or marked by a particular activity, event, or festivity.
      ‘the rainy season’
      ‘the season for gathering pine needles’
      • ‘In areas where growing seasons are short, bloom seasons are also short.’
      • ‘How bad is this year's flu season going to be?’
      • ‘The season of festive goodwill to all men produces a bonanza for family lawyers.’
      • ‘The drama of Holy Week stands squarely between the seasons of Lent and Easter.’
      • ‘In this tropical climate, there is a rainy, monsoon season from May to October.’
      • ‘A variety of special articles are featured during religious festival seasons.’
      • ‘How much money do you plan to spend this upcoming holiday season?’
      • ‘Based on previous years' statistics, the coming summer holiday season will see dozens more.’
      • ‘Vegetation, on the other hand, can follow the climatic seasons.’
      • ‘Is this really the best thing Foer has to do during one of the biggest events of the campaign season?’
      • ‘By contrast, Alias has built an entire season around the blessed event.’
      • ‘This season's highlights include events that people have been looking forward to for years.’
      • ‘Some birds may remain paired year round, but pair bonds typically last a single breeding season.’
      • ‘The rainy season has already begun, making access to displaced families increasingly difficult.’
      • ‘And straight ahead, it's been a disastrous hurricane season so far, and it's not over yet.’
      • ‘New anti-terrorism measures will increase security costs just as the peak summer travel season approaches.’
      • ‘Annuals are flowers that bloom only once; their whole lifetime lasts just one growing season.’
      • ‘Father X is not a fan of the modern season and its attendant festivities.’
      • ‘The culminating night of the season will also feature a fireworks spectacular.’
      • ‘Those managing the illegal operations say that the rainy season is the peak period for removing trees from the forest.’
      period, active period, time, time of year, spell, term, phase, stage
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A fixed time in the year when a particular sporting activity is pursued.
      ‘the English cricket season is almost upon us’
      • ‘Segui has missed more than 200 games the past two seasons with injuries.’
      • ‘The kart racing winter season starts next month and Thomas will be taking part in a full list of events.’
      • ‘He set four course records and equaled another in four seasons of racing.’
      • ‘He returns to the Lions after leading the league last season with 18 wins.’
      • ‘With the cricket season almost upon us, players all over the borough are chomping at the bit.’
      • ‘Last year, Ford put together one of the finest rookie seasons in college basketball history.’
      • ‘The Mavericks are the only team to have a probable chance to finish the regular season with 60 victories.’
      • ‘The Quebec native is a classic specialist and won one of the U.S. National Championship events a few seasons ago.’
      • ‘He spent his first two seasons at left tackle.’
      • ‘The high school basketball season is not even two weeks old and already Phil Ens' strategy has blown up in his face.’
      • ‘In this extraordinary year, five teams finished the regular season undefeated.’
      • ‘When the idea of a Seniors Tour was first suggested it was felt that 18 events a season would be right.’
      • ‘He reprised that role last year, improving in confidence as the season progressed.’
      • ‘The first boxing event of the new season organised by Skipton Boxing Club was staged in the town hall.’
      • ‘Of course, he's only 26 with one Winston Cup season under his belt.’
      • ‘Meanwhile Skipton and North Ribblesdale ended disappointing league seasons with defeat.’
      • ‘A decade ago a peppy 10-year-old might divide his play among soccer, basketball, and baseball seasons.’
      • ‘He also played on the St. Otteran's basketball team for several seasons.’
      • ‘Still, there was plenty of time to get an athletic scholarship since basketball and soccer seasons were coming up.’
      • ‘Newberry has won at least one national event in 21 different seasons throughout his drag racing career.’
    3. 1.3 The time of year when a particular fruit, vegetable, or other food is plentiful and in good condition.
      ‘the pies are made with fruit that is in season’
      ‘new season's lamb’
      • ‘Most of the striking laborers are young people from Quebec and other provinces who come for the fruit picking season.’
      • ‘Severe stress early in the season can reduce fruit set, and later stress reduces berry size.’
      • ‘He is like a tree planted by streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither.’
      • ‘Here, we look at four foods just coming into season, and why they should be part of your early summer diet.’
      • ‘You know you've reached the peak of the garden vegetable season when the runner beans arrive.’
      • ‘Shiva is offered special food made from the fruits of the season, root vegetables, and coconuts, during ritual worship.’
      • ‘These trees provide fruit only during certain seasons, but last forever.’
      • ‘I am quite tough with myself when it comes to eating food out of season.’
      • ‘Right now the new season's lamb is available from the south of England.’
      • ‘The months slid by and the frozen fruit was still waiting when this season's fruit arrived at the greengrocer.’
      • ‘The best vegetables are coming into season, I love sprouts, parsnips, swede, squash and pumpkins.’
      • ‘With half of the season already over, fruit lovers feel they have to wait till next year to enjoy the delicious mangoes.’
      • ‘This is when the fruit of the previous seasons is harvested.’
      • ‘There has been much back slapping and praise over the fact that we have grown enough food this farming season.’
      • ‘The fruit season can be from June through March with the highest yield from August to December.’
      • ‘We need to extend the season for local foods in cold climates with preservation.’
      • ‘We shift the menu around to accommodate the best food of the season.’
      • ‘Scented spring white wines work wonderfully well with the new season's vegetables’
      • ‘Potted peppers often have a tendency to dry out faster, drop blossoms and even stop producing fruit after a few seasons.’
      • ‘Their diet changes with the seasons as different food sources become available.’
      available, obtainable, readily available, readily obtainable, to be had, on offer, on the market, growing, common, plentiful, abundant
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    4. 1.4the season A time of year traditionally adopted by the English upper classes for a series of fashionable social events.
      • ‘Last night saw the social event of the season in Birmingham.’
      • ‘The inauguration is certainly shaping up to be the social event of the season.’
      • ‘Which was the reason why I still went to balls and the social functions of the season.’
      • ‘Her parties were always the social event of the season.’
    5. 1.5archaic A proper or suitable time.
      ‘to everything there is a season’
      • ‘To everything there is a season, a time for every purpose under the sun.’
    6. 1.6archaic An indefinite or unspecified period of time; a while.
      ‘this most beautiful soul; who walked with me for a season in this world’
      • ‘Yes, human beings are allowed for a season in this world to accomplish His greater purpose.’
  • 2North American A set or sequence of related television programmes; a series.

    ‘the first two seasons of the show’
    • ‘His danger level continues to escalate toward an explosive season cliffhanger.’
    • ‘Good writing attracts talent, and the show's second season features a lot of notable guest stars.’
    • ‘I've watched five entire seasons of the show in the course of these reviews, viewing every minute of every episode.’
    • ‘The first five seasons have aired periodically in the US, and now they're available on DVD.’
    • ‘The big seventh season cliffhanger finds its resolution here, on a two-part hour-long episode.’
    • ‘I just saw the third season finale, amazing, the best episode of the entire series, in my opinion.’
    • ‘This two-part episode aired several months after the season cliffhanger.’
    • ‘A fourth season hasn't aired yet in Britain, and the final episodes of this season close off the characters quite nicely.’
    • ‘For the show's fan base, those who remember it from back when, it's great to have the entire season on disc.’
    • ‘I never dropped back into the show while its first season was airing.’
    • ‘Even after watching an entire season of this show, I'm still not sure why Jesse is supposed to be such a draw for viewers.’
    • ‘During the season finale they both finally recognized the goodness and the danger inherent in each other and in themselves.’
  • 3A period when a female mammal is ready to mate.

    ‘the bitch can come into season at irregular intervals’


[with object]
  • 1Add salt, herbs, pepper, or other spices to (food)

    ‘season the soup to taste with salt and pepper’
    • ‘Dishes are seasoned heavily with local spices.’
    • ‘The meat was nicely seasoned, but too dry.’
    • ‘Among the main dietary staples in Eritrea is a flatbread eaten with a stew seasoned with pepper.’
    • ‘Arab Americans have a distinctive cuisine centered on lamb, rice, bread, and highly seasoned dishes.’
    • ‘Most food is highly seasoned, and soups are commonly served with dumplings.’
    • ‘Seasoned well with fiery spices, vanilla and vibrant tannins, it also manages to be exceptionally smooth.’
    • ‘Season with ground cumin, black pepper and garlic.’
    • ‘The champ mash is a rich mixture of potato, cream, butter and scallions, well seasoned with pepper.’
    • ‘Food is fried in mustard oil and liberally seasoned with garlic, onions, and fresh ginger.’
    • ‘Stir in the remaining ingredients, plus some salt and pepper to season, and stir well until combined.’
    • ‘Seafood dishes, including shrimp, are popular, often served with rice and seasoned with spices.’
    • ‘Salt is good for seasoning food; just a little brings out the best in it.’
    • ‘The grilled pork is excellent, with a hint of charcoal coming through the chopped pieces of lightly seasoned meat.’
    • ‘Broken into a bowl, two eggs seasoned with salt and pepper are briefly but strenuously beaten.’
    • ‘Stir in the thyme, lemon zest and parsley and toss together, seasoning well with salt and pepper.’
    • ‘The next day finely dice the tomatoes and add the remaining ingredients seasoning to taste.’
    • ‘Toss the venison in the flour which you have seasoned lightly with salt and pepper.’
    • ‘Season with salt and pepper to taste and set aside, keeping warm.’
    • ‘Lightly oil and season the steak with salt and black pepper then cook on a hot grill or ridged grill pan.’
    • ‘Lamb is great marinated in wine or seasoned with garlic and rosemary.’
    flavour, add flavouring to, add pepper to, add salt to, spice, add herbs to, add spices to
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Add a quality or feature to (something), especially so as to make it more lively or exciting.
      ‘his conversation is seasoned liberally with exclamation points and punch lines’
      • ‘They are also famous for seasoning their works with lots of salty sex.’
      enliven, leaven, add spice to, enrich, liven up, animate, augment
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  • 2Make (wood) suitable for use as timber by adjusting its moisture content to that of the environment in which it will be used.

    ‘I collect and season most of my wood’
    • ‘If you are buying logs for immediate use make sure that your supplier can give you an assurance that the wood has been seasoned.’
    • ‘Oak trees on the estate were felled and seasoned to provide the massive beams for the timber-framed construction.’
    • ‘Since wood is seasoned before use, the time between felling and working must be added in order to arrive at a probable dating for the object.’
    • ‘The main criteria is that the wood has been seasoned fairly slowly.’
    • ‘It has for long been thought that, as wood is seasoned outdoors and turns grey, darkening the ground beneath it, harsh tannins are being leached out of the wood.’
    • ‘The damper is always open, the wood seems well seasoned and dry.’
    • ‘If you are going to use the tree for firewood it must be seasoned properly.’
    • ‘Teak wood is considered superior to other types of hard woods because once it is weathered and seasoned, it takes a lot to crack, split, shrink or alter the shape of teak wood.’
    • ‘The most thing that makes a difference to emissions is whether you use green wood or seasoned wood.’
    • ‘Even well seasoned firewood can be ruined by bad storage.’
    • ‘It is best to burn only seasoned wood for maximum heat release, less creosote buildup, and economy.’
    • ‘Have your chimney swept regularly, use a fire screen, and burn only seasoned wood.’
    • ‘But, if you must, please make sure it's dry, seasoned wood, and only burn in an EPA-certified wood-burning device.’
    mature, age, mellow, condition, acclimatize, temper, prepare, prime, ripen
    View synonyms


  • for all seasons

    • 1Suitable in or appropriate for every kind of weather.

      ‘a coat for all seasons’
      • ‘Fell Foot is a park for all seasons and definitely worth a visit.’
      • ‘Modern convertibles are cars for all seasons, not just for summer.’
      • ‘As grand as it looked in autumn, I suspect it might look best in the snow - a castle for all seasons.’
      • ‘It has to widen its spectrum catering to fabrics for all seasons.’
      • ‘Shirts for all seasons in attractive designs in light and dark shades are available in the showroom.’
      • ‘It's one of her really awesome awning stripe patterns in a bucket style bag and the colors are really rich and bold, so it should be good for all seasons, not just summer.’
      • ‘There were clothes for all seasons and even a selection of boots.’
      • ‘If the aim is for an architectural feature for all seasons, perhaps in a semi-shaded, fairly exposed position, the choice of plants will be more crucial.’
      • ‘In such a scenario, designers are busy forecasting the ‘ideal’ wears for all seasons and occasions.’
      1. 1.1Adaptable to any circumstance.
        ‘a singer for all seasons’
        • ‘The President's single ally in the Government was Henry Kissinger - loyal to the end and the Head of State's man for all seasons, all purposes.’
        • ‘It meets all contingencies, this term for all seasons, so that any building that appears to date from the colonial period can readily be glossed with it.’
        • ‘But Olbrechts was clearly a man for all seasons.’
        • ‘I have a sore leg [this was our excuse for all seasons in high school.’
        • ‘Tonight, Steve Allen, once called television's man for all seasons, is dead at 78.’
        • ‘He's ever-present, unrelenting and fit for all seasons.’
        • ‘He was indeed a man for all seasons, but he was also a quiet unassuming gentleman.’
        • ‘Scott has become a director for all seasons whose Midas touch has brought success to diverse films.’
        • ‘Andy Kingslow, I think you'll agree is truly a musical man for all seasons.’
        • ‘Frears, after all, is a man for all seasons, including Hollywood mainstream.’
  • in season

    • 1(of a fruit, vegetable, or other food) grown or available at the time of year in question.

      ‘buy fruit and vegetables that are in season’
      • ‘The petits pois above all else were as green, as tender and as delicious as those eaten in season.’
      • ‘The strawberries actually had the miraculous perfume of local berries grown in season and little buttery croutons of fried brioche added another interesting crunch.’
      • ‘When Brussels Sprouts are in season but fussy eaters refuse to try them, hide them in stir frys and casseroles in place of others green vegies.’
      • ‘Sixty years ago, orange juice came either freshly squeezed in season or canned.’
      • ‘Fruits such as dates and melon are eaten in season.’
      • ‘A sign can explain what the variety is, where it comes from, how to prepare it, and even when it's in season.’
      • ‘You've gotta love a chef who cooks vegetables that are in season.’
    • 2(of a female mammal) ready to mate.

      ‘this system of communication works very well, especially when a female is in season’
      • ‘I think having stimulated the females to come in season, we actually had two calves this year.’
      • ‘Mares tend to be 'in season' the first part of the year.’
      • ‘When the female's in season the male will come around, they'll get together, he'll go off again and she'll get on with having the cubs.’
      • ‘Results showed that mares came in season more frequently in the days following full moon.’
      • ‘The scientists use the sterile lion as a "teaser" to determine which females are "in season" and ready to inseminate.’
    • 3At the right or proper time.

      ‘they arrive in season for the meeting’
      • ‘When guests arrive in season, a pleasanter evening is assured, and it shows a regard for the wishes of the hostess.’
  • out of season

    • 1(of a fruit, vegetable, or other food) not grown or available at the time of year in question.

      ‘oranges are out of season’
      ‘customer demand for out of season crops’
      • ‘I probably wouldn't choose a dish with zucchini out of season because I know that it wouldn't taste of anything.’
      • ‘A greenhouse has controlled temperature, humidity and light so that exotic plants can be grown outside their natural climates and produce flowers and fruits out of season.’
      • ‘We just can't go on repeating the same old mistakes, for example flying fruit and vegetables to our supermarkets out of season.’
      • ‘Anyone with half a brain knew that persimmons were out of season.’
      • ‘Strawberries will be woefully out of season for another few months.’
    • 2At the time of year when a place is less popular or fashionable.

      ‘English seaside resorts out of season famously possess a melancholy charm’
      ‘it had the feel of an out of season ski resort’
      • ‘This beach, out of season, is reliably lonely.’
      • ‘The resorts become virtual ghost towns out of season.’
      • ‘Because space is limited and saturation-point quickly reached, the best time to visit the Amalfi coast is out of season.’
      • ‘Blackpool out of season, like most seaside resorts, is a town not at its best.’
      • ‘The British Tourist Authority in Sydney can provide literature on travel and accommodation, but 'out of season' it is rare to experience any problems finding a place to 'lay your head down'.’
  • season's greetings

    • Used as an expression of goodwill at Christmas or the New Year.

      • ‘The Association extends season's greetings to all members and every good wish for the year ahead.’
      • ‘Christmas is supposed to be a time where families and loved ones gather to share the season's greetings.’
      • ‘June and Donald added: ‘Thank you and season's greetings to all who helped us and gave us their support’.’
      • ‘Anyway, special season's greetings to you all, and I wish you all the very best in 2005.’
      • ‘The Chamber of Commerce would like to extend season's greetings to all and look forward to a bumper Christmas trade in the town over the coming month.’
      • ‘Preparation is everything though, and Mr Ahern had given season's greetings the previous day.’
      • ‘Happy holidays, season's greetings, and oh, yes, merry Christmas to all, and to all a good night.’
      • ‘Christmas greeting cards were sent to all senior citizens living alone and season's greetings were extended to all families in the area.’
      • ‘These cards offer an ideal way of wishing family, friends and customers season's greetings, while supporting Mayo's largest charity.’
      • ‘Some 1,500 leading members of Malaysia's large Christian community have received season's greetings from Abdullah.’


Middle English: from Old French seson, from Latin satio(n-) ‘sowing’, later ‘time of sowing’, from the root of serere ‘to sow’.