Definition of scurvy in English:

scurvy

noun

mass noun
  • A disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C, characterized by swollen bleeding gums and the opening of previously healed wounds, which particularly affected poorly nourished sailors until the end of the 18th century.

    ‘the ravages of scurvy’
    as modifier ‘the curative effects on scurvy victims’
    • ‘So it's a little bit different to the sort of classic nutritional deficiency diseases, like scurvy, it seems to be slightly more complicated than that.’
    • ‘To complicate matters, most men suffered from multiple diseases, including dysentery, typhoid, scurvy, and pneumonia or other respiratory ailments.’
    • ‘As we now know, oranges and lemons (and many other fruits and vegetables) are excellent sources of vitamin C, and scurvy is the disease resulting from severe vitamin C deficiency.’
    • ‘Mortality among women and small children had increased by 50 per cent and hunger-related diseases such as rickets, scurvy, and tuberculosis were endemic.’
    • ‘A deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease called scurvy.’
    • ‘Ascorbic acid/vitamin C. Prolonged deficiency can result in scurvy, poor wound healing and bleeding gums.’
    • ‘This is an extremely low level, and it represents only the amount needed to prevent health problems such as scurvy, a vitamin deficiency disease.’
    • ‘The plague, pneumonia, pleurisy, tuberculosis, smallpox, scurvy, the black lung, the yeasty oesophagus, the mildewed mouth; call it what you want just don't call it the common cold.’
    • ‘Overt vitamin deficiency diseases, such as pellagra or scurvy, are uncommon in persons who consume a typical North American diet.’
    • ‘Modern medicine categorizes diarrhea as a symptom of a disease, such as scurvy, typhoid, malaria, and dysentery, or as a symptom of indigestible substances in the intestines.’

adjective

archaic
  • Worthless or contemptible.

    ‘that was a scurvy trick’
    • ‘Even scurvy land lubbers can talk like a pirate an’ not be called a stinkin’ bilge rat.’
    • ‘Newbies from elsewhere, even though they have to learn the scurvy trade from scratch, at least don't have to shed bad journalistic habits.’
    • ‘Call me by that scurvy name one more time, and ye'll be walking the plank, I swear it!’
    • ‘They just sit there, keelhauling any scurvy landlubber who ventures to walk on the rocks barefoot’
    • ‘And finally, there do be help available for ye landlubbers and scurvy dogs who can't talk like Pirates.’
    foul, nasty, unpleasant, bad, disagreeable, horrid, horrible, dreadful, abominable, atrocious, offensive, obnoxious, odious, unsavoury, repulsive, off-putting, repellent, revolting, repugnant, disgusting, distasteful, loathsome, hateful, nauseating, sickening
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (as an adjective meaning ‘scurfy’): from scurf + -y. The noun use (mid 16th century) is by association with French scorbut (see scorbutic).

Pronunciation

scurvy

/ˈskəːvi/