Definition of sculpture in English:

sculpture

noun

  • 1[mass noun] The art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster:

    ‘the boundary between painting and sculpture is displaced’
    • ‘Achieved by advanced computer techniques, it is pure sculpture.’
    • ‘Were the architects inspired by sculpture when they designed the idiosyncratic form of the Seattle Public Library?’
    • ‘Fossils are also featured in art as in the use of petrified wood for ornaments or the more general inspiration provided by fossils in painting and sculpture.’
    • ‘The two levels above this are fully fitted out with studios for a variety of arts - painting, sculpture, silkscreen, graphics - and exhibit walls at the building's periphery.’
    • ‘The elite, including professionals, turned to painting, sculpture, architecture, and music.’
    • ‘He began studying furniture making, but was very quickly drawn to sculpture.’
    1. 1.1[count noun] A work of art made by sculpture:
      ‘a bronze sculpture’
      [mass noun] ‘a collection of sculpture’
      • ‘She set it down and knocked over my sculpture in the process.’
      • ‘As the water surged through the sculpture, it created a pleasant quiet noise.’
      • ‘Folded and cranked like a giant origami sculpture, the roof provides solar protection and unifies the complex.’
      • ‘She had a carp pond installed and a nine-foot water sculpture.’
      • ‘Her mixed-media sculptures and leaded glass panels and windows adorn projects ranging from private residences to churches and public buildings across the country.’
      • ‘Monuments, public sculptures, commemorative sites and museums are being created at an accelerated pace.’
      • ‘The entire figure was then assembled and the process of finishing the sculpture began.’
      • ‘At the centre of the garden, a dramatic water sculpture created by world-renowned artist Sokari Douglas Camp will add sound and movement.’
      • ‘This sculpture evolved into a repeat pattern because of the fact that the saddle surface refuses to permit the closure of form.’
      • ‘The team apparently circumvented locked gates and an alarm system, while the sculpture was in the process of being moved to another location.’
      carving, model, statue, statuette, figure, figurine, effigy, bust, head, image, likeness
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Botany Zoology Raised or sunken patterns or texture on the surface of a shell, pollen grain, cuticle, or other biological specimen:
      ‘ammonite shells with external sculpture near the aperture’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Make or represent (a form) by carving, casting, or other shaping techniques:

    ‘the choir stalls were each carefully sculptured’
    • ‘Contemporary observers did not fail to note the association of the sculptured body of Christ and the redemptive effects of physical passage that the screens so effectively dramatize.’
    • ‘Before sculpturing for ordinary people, he, like other sculptors, also carved statues for famous persons such as pioneer epidemiologist Su Delong and educator Yan Fuqing.’
    • ‘Painting, for him should imitate the roundness of sculptured forms, and architecture, too, must partake of the organic qualities of the human figure.’
    • ‘Practically speaking, the artists had little choice but to use visual cues to signal nighttime in the sculptured panels.’
    • ‘He characterizes Skyllis and Dipoinos as the first sculptors to achieve fame by sculpturing in marble and notes that Bupalos followed in their wake.’
    • ‘Latham proposed topping them with sculptured monuments and designating them as works of art.’
    • ‘The mountain theme is incorporated throughout the facility - from its curved parapets and sculptured stone fountain to the grassy park with tree-covered walking trails.’
    • ‘Walls of the long elevations have sculptured surfaces of zinc siding, horizontal cedar, and flush-detailed glazed openings.’
    • ‘At night, these monitors become light beacons with the internal sculptured ceilings ghosting behind translucent glass.’
    • ‘This sculptured limestone panel in the centre of a three-part canopied reredos was comparable in size to the Sandford reredos.’
    • ‘Like the figures of usurers at Dijon, the sculptures at Mainz stood as explicit warnings for men and women to steer clear from vices so as to avoid becoming like their hapless sculptured counterparts.’
    • ‘The deliberately sculptured profiles of the Tower proved extremely difficult to build because of the complexity of the necessary framework.’
    • ‘In Florence Cathedral the equestrian figures of the English condottiere John Hawksmoor by Uccello and of Niccolò da Tolentino by Castagno both simulate sculptured monuments.’
    • ‘The bath had original sculptured Carrara marble, nickel-leg sinks, and some examples of the original moldings.’
    • ‘All but the small pieces were exhibited close to or actually backed by the gallery walls, in part reflecting the original placement of statues within the frameworks of such sculptured shrines.’
    • ‘In anthropological accounts, in no instance are boundaries - whether marked by sticks lying across a road or elaborate sculptured portals - meant actually and always to block movement across them.’
    • ‘On view here are complex, deeply sculptured surfaces, wrought-iron grillwork, elaborately carved decorations surrounding round-arched windows, arcaded entrances and porches, and tile roofs.’
    sculpt, carve, chisel, model, fashion, form, shape, cast, cut, hew
    sculp
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Form or shape as if by sculpture, especially with strong, smooth curves:
      ‘he had an aquiline nose and sculptured lips’
      • ‘With sculptured lips, Roman nose, tattooed neck and blazing eye, he's like a toy.’
      • ‘Before she could warn him about her makeup, he had gathered her close in his arms, and was lowering his finely sculptured lips to meet hers.’
      • ‘So now, the clods of earth of my veg patch have been sculptured into the shape of human skulls, all smooth and rounded, not by frost but by almost constant rain.’
      • ‘I long to kiss that strong mouth, that sculptured mouth that was designed specifically to keep girls going forever.’
      • ‘A face halfway between the round and the oval, with sculptured curves and high cheekbones.’
      • ‘The limbs twist around quite a bit, giving the trees a somewhat sculptured look.’
      • ‘You can't look at the smooth, sculptured lines of a Marchetti SF - 260 or Partenavia P68 without thinking of a Ferrari or Maserati.’
      • ‘A high nose, sculptured lips and a chiselled jaw completed the work of art.’
      • ‘Her perfectly chiselled face and perfectly sculptured nose and almond-shaped eyes, although in a stern look, exuded beauty at its best.’
      • ‘They were more like the aged and smoother forms of the Laurentian Mountains, whose shape was sculptured and rounded by the elements since their beginnings.’
      • ‘He ran a hand down the smooth and finely sculptured chest, the muscles twitching upon the caress of the long, tapered fingers.’
      • ‘A relevant example is that of spiral sculpture in the gastropod Nucella emarginata, which ranges from strongly sculptured to smooth.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin sculptura, from sculpere carve.

Pronunciation

sculpture

/ˈskʌlptʃə/