Main definitions of scot in English

: scot1Scot2

scot1

noun

archaic
  • A payment corresponding to a modern tax, rate, or other assessed contribution.

    • ‘In fact, a scot or secot was a municipal tax in 12 th-century England and someone who went scot-free was one who succeeded in dodging the tax.’

Phrases

  • scot and lot

    • historical A tax levied by a municipal corporation on its members.

      ‘persons keep their own houses and pay taxes, scot and lot’
      • ‘The principal criterion for laying claim to that status was to be at scot and lot, which entailed the reciprocity of rights and responsibilities that is fundamental to the concept of citizenship in today's society.’
      • ‘As indicated, the basic qualification for an intrinsic burgess, or freeman, was to be at scot and lot.’
      • ‘All Frenchmen who shared in the customs of the English when Edward the Confessor was king shall pay what is called ‘scot and lot’.’
      • ‘Before towns acquired self-government, ‘burgesses’ referred to all residents who were at scot and lot - that is, contributing to the financial obligations laid on the town as a whole.’

Origin

Late Old English, from Old Norse skot ‘a shot’, reinforced by Old French escot, of Germanic origin; related to shot.

Pronunciation

scot

/skɒt/

Main definitions of scot in English

: scot1Scot2

Scot2

noun

  • 1A native of Scotland or a person of Scottish descent.

    • ‘I'm a Scot by birth living in Australia and writing about London detectives.’
    • ‘The young Scot was ostracised by the Italian manager and cut adrift by his club.’
    • ‘Blues used in tartan cloth originally came from the native plant woad, which was also used as a form of ceremonial face and body paint by ancient Scots.’
    • ‘This is the story of a young Scot of Pakistani descent and a young white woman of Irish descent.’
    • ‘How much does an English international game matter to the Scots?’
    • ‘Yet Chinese body language, mannerisms and accents are about as similar to Japanese as Australians are to the Scots.’
    • ‘Later interviewed on holiday in Scotland, he had been offered hospitality by a Scot.’
    • ‘Both candidates are Scots, and have no hope of concealing the fact from the English electorate on whose votes they would rely at the General Election.’
    • ‘Although her art focuses on Scotland's industrial landscapes, Downie is not a native Scot.’
    • ‘In her heat, the Scot equalled her British record mark, winning in 25.07 seconds.’
    • ‘The popular Scot has the honour and responsibility of captaining the European team.’
    • ‘On 22 July the English engaged the Scots under Wallace at Falkirk.’
    • ‘As a Scot I welcome a Scottish Prime Minister, whichever side of the political equation.’
    • ‘It argues that Hepburn was a proud Scot who was loyal to his Queen and fought for Scottish independence.’
    • ‘He fought for the armies of Russia, Poland and Sweden before joining the English in 1640 to fight the Scots.’
    • ‘Single malt whisky was considered too heavy by the Scots, so by blending malt and grain whiskies Walker created a smoother drink.’
    • ‘A battle between the English and the Scots in a North Yorkshire beauty spot is set to be commemorated by a stone cross.’
    • ‘Above all, we need competition for places, if possible from native-born Scots.’
    • ‘It would be hard to think of two European nations more dissimilar, historically, than the Italians and the Scots.’
    • ‘The Scot had moved to the US with his American father in 1992 after his parents divorced.’
    1. 1.1 A member of a Gaelic people that migrated from Ireland to Scotland around the late 5th century.
      • ‘Ancient Scots and Picts erected a 10 ft tall standing stone at the site to commemorate the historic act.’
      • ‘In 367, the Scots and Picts ignored agreements made with Rome and attacked the frontier.’
      • ‘It might be supposed, therefore, that the position of mormaer was a creation of the new Gaelic kingdom of the Scots.’
      • ‘King Angus MacFergus of the Picts commanded a mixed army of Scots and Picts who were fighting an army of Saxons from Northumbria.’
      • ‘The non-English parts of the UK have ten million Gaels, Celts, Picts, Irish, Scots and Vikings.’

Usage

On the different uses of Scot, Scottish, and Scotch, see Scottish

Origin

Old English Scottas (plural), from late Latin Scottus, of unknown ultimate origin.

Pronunciation

Scot

/skɒt/