Definition of scholasticism in English:

scholasticism

noun

  • 1[mass noun] The system of theology and philosophy taught in medieval European universities, based on Aristotelian logic and the writings of the early Christian Fathers and emphasizing tradition and dogma.

    • ‘Many have looked to the rise of modern science for the answer, particularly in its decisive break with medieval scholasticism.’
    • ‘Medieval scholasticism had trained students in Latin, letter-writing and philosophy, but its teachers and thinkers were generally subservient to the authorities (usually the church) for which they worked.’
    • ‘Spanish medical knowledge of the age, still heavily based on Galen and scholasticism, assumed that light-skinned men were colder and phlegmatic.’
    • ‘The turn away from Protestant scholasticism was given clear, systematic justification in the theology of Horace Bushnell.’
    • ‘Nothing, especially not the deepest and most sacred religious beliefs, was safe from logic-chopping medieval scholasticism.’
    • ‘Medieval scholasticism has continued to fuel contemporary debates on euthanasia and abortion and it has helped revive casuistry (now called ‘applied ethics’ and performed by committees).’
    • ‘Even Thomas Aquinas was a stowaway, as the Spaniards smuggled his scholasticism and rigid conceptions of social hierarchy into the Americas.’
    • ‘Because most medieval physicians defended scholasticism, he was not a friend of the medical profession.’
    • ‘The monasteries were also the birthplace of scholasticism.’
    • ‘Humanism is often opposed to medieval scholasticism and macaronic language.’
    • ‘A greater recognition of the role of medieval humanism, scholasticism, Gothic architecture and Catholicism in McLuhan's thought would have opened up another avenue of uniquely Canadian direction in McLuhan.’
    • ‘While borrowing much from scholasticism, Descartes' account is distinguished by its scope of application.’
    • ‘Reformation studies were at that time preoccupied with tracing the intellectual and political origins of the movement - the survival of Lollardy, the challenge to scholasticism, the emergence of the centralised Tudor state.’
    • ‘As the recovery work continues, it is becoming evident that medieval women were not theologically quiescent, but spoke in different theological accents from the scholasticism that dominated the theological academy.’
    • ‘To press that case, the book has to ignore most of the theological and philosophical traditions from the rise of medieval scholasticism to the twentieth-century declaration that ‘God is dead.’’
    • ‘I've been trained by a state-financed educational institution in the discourse of philosophy that still bears the scars of scholasticism.’
    • ‘Finally, he examines the decreasing influence of strict Reformed theology due to rising scholasticism, sectarianism and natural theology based on enlightened philosophy.’
    • ‘His major contributions however were in the fields of Madhyamaka philosophy and Abhidharma scholasticism.’
    • ‘Belief in the truth that the creation is God's handiwork generated the scientific progress that began not in the eighteenth century but in medieval scholasticism.’
    • ‘Not until the late nineteenth century was it understood that his attacks on late medieval scholasticism did not result from brash ignorance but from a proper understanding of traditional theology, especially patristic.’
    1. 1.1Narrow-minded insistence on traditional doctrine.
      ‘an absorption in the past without a hint of scholasticism’
      • ‘His formulation also perpetuates the faulty nature/grace dichotomy so deeply embedded within federal scholasticism.’
      • ‘In later life he was sensitive to the resemblance between the Thomistic scholasticism in which he was trained and the Marxist scholasticism that he embraced as an adult.’
      • ‘This text highlights how my training in philosophy was a plunging into the history of philosophy (analytic, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Adorno etc) with its dangers of scholasticism.’
      • ‘You may temporarily lose the will to live, under the weight of its wilful pomposity, laboured scholasticism and, let's be frank, myriad boring bits, but it won't actually kill you.’
      • ‘This, however, does not seem to be either the best or the most prevalent view of scholasticism regarding synderesis.’

Pronunciation:

scholasticism

/skəˈlastɪˌsɪz(ə)m/