Definition of scheme in English:



  • 1A large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining some particular object or putting a particular idea into effect.

    ‘the occupational sick pay scheme’
    • ‘The Commission for Communications Regulation has introduced a new licensing scheme for local area broadband fixed wireless access services.’
    • ‘Then individuals could protect themselves against the risk of needing health care by voluntary insurance schemes.’
    • ‘The scheme is due to be completed by the end of this year.’
    • ‘His team's scheme includes a central module where people can relax and socialize.’
    • ‘He always had various practical schemes and engineering ideas he thought could help other countries.’
    • ‘Firstly, individual members of occupational pensions schemes do not have votes.’
    • ‘I am a member of an occupational pension scheme approved by the Inland Revenue.’
    • ‘Victims were duped by bogus get-rich-quick schemes involving fake documents before the scam was exposed.’
    • ‘Franchise masters and headquarters staff are on hand to help new franchisees establish their business, and provide planning advice and marketing schemes.’
    • ‘Many at present do not join an occupational scheme because they cannot afford the payments.’
    • ‘If the pilot scheme is successful similar schemes could be rolled out across the district in the New Year.’
    • ‘Both schemes aim to crackdown on problems such as rowdy youths and anti-social behaviour.’
    • ‘Swindon Council has received an excellent rating for its plan to introduce a new government housing scheme.’
    • ‘The entire scheme is due to be completed by the end of 2005.’
    • ‘With the advent of primary care groups in 1999 a new incentive scheme was devised to influence prescribing.’
    • ‘A government compensation scheme is available for asbestos victims who cannot trace their previous employer.’
    • ‘While there may be sound business reasons to focus on clever marketing schemes and building new stadiums, such a focus has come at the expense of the quality of play.’
    • ‘Since June, final salary pension schemes have been closing at twice the rate of last year.’
    • ‘In some States, I know there is a similar statutory scheme with respect to boats.’
    • ‘The locals also wanted to impress on public representatives the importance of rerouting the proposed sewerage scheme.’
    plan, project, plan of action, programme, strategy, stratagem, game plan
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    1. 1.1A secret or underhand plan; a plot.
      ‘police uncovered a scheme to steal paintings worth more than $250,000’
      • ‘Lyssandra, being herself, had been quite willing to earn some return on his care, and had put Adam to good use in her various plots and schemes.’
      • ‘I have no ulterior motives, no plots or secret schemes.’
      • ‘They still thought I had secret plans, evil schemes, and I was at a loss as to how to convince them otherwise.’
      • ‘He plots a scheme to make Othello believe that Desdemona was having an affair with Cassio.’
      • ‘Two years, they had plotted and planned this scheme, progressing their efforts and perfecting their means.’
      • ‘Unless, of course, they were truly plotting some schemes against him.’
      • ‘The premise remains interesting, but the plot is cluttered with schemes and counter-schemes that seem unrealistic at best and pointless at worst.’
      • ‘They'd be in a fancy hotel with room service, plotting their evil schemes or whatever it was government representatives did.’
      • ‘With the Filumena caught up in a bootlegging scheme, the plot goes wrong and a constable is murdered, leaving her to hang.’
      • ‘We're told that plots and schemes occurred, but we rarely see them actually playing out.’
      • ‘The combination of the two are highly effective at detecting scams, schemes and illicit practices.’
      • ‘A mild-mannered couple use a variety of distract-and-grab schemes to steal laptops from business travelers.’
      • ‘A child is never too young to harbor deadly secrets, or plot diabolical schemes.’
      • ‘She could sniff intrigue and schemes blowing on the wind, they said.’
      • ‘Well, the fourteen - year-old's mind had already begun to plot schemes.’
      • ‘Typically, the schemes and plots end in frustration and disaster.’
      • ‘I don't really want to involve Brian in my scheme to get a plot.’
      • ‘As I note below, the scheme for stealing the nuclear weapons is exceedingly hokey, and as in the original the story drags at times.’
      • ‘I know your past, I know your missions, your plots, plans, schemes, faults, weaknesses, interests, everything really.’
      • ‘Lies, coincidences, plots, and schemes are everywhere, and no one can trust anyone.’
      plot, intrigue, conspiracy, secret plan
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    2. 1.2A particular ordered system or arrangement.
      ‘a classical rhyme scheme’
      • ‘Both of these rooms have a similar colour scheme to the hall and are in immaculate condition.’
      • ‘Some residents are also claiming the finished building has not followed the design and colour scheme which was approved.’
      • ‘He embraces a broad range of rhyme and syllabic schemes.’
      • ‘To assess the central questions of the investigation we devised a coding scheme.’
      arrangement, system, organization, configuration, pattern, format, layout, disposition
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  • 2Scottish informal An estate of social housing.

    ‘the whole scheme is plunged into darkness, bar the light in Victor's house’
    ‘Sheila and me were in that gang on the scheme’
    • ‘They've all left already, moved away to the schemes.’
    • ‘After his Panel hearing, he led them to a muddy burn, a tributary of the Clyde, that ran through the back of the scheme where he lived.’
    • ‘He'd got up from the kitchen table and pedalled up the hill from the old tenement in Shuttle Place through the Darroch Council house scheme.’
    • ‘I'm a working-class Weedgie who grew up in a scheme.’
    • ‘The signs of urban deprivation are easiest to see in Prospecthill Circus, the sprawling scheme in which Toryglen's share of asylum seekers have been housed.’
    • ‘They came to the city three years ago as part of the Home Office's asylum seeker dispersal programme and were housed in one of north-east Glasgow's most notorious housing schemes.’
    • ‘It's almost like the Machiavellian housing policies that coerced them into the outer schemes in the first place have been super successful.’
    • ‘He had his own house down the shorefront scheme; big black finger-stains round the keyhole and the curtains always shut.’
    • ‘Mary, a 21-year-old mother of four living in one of Glasgow's most deprived housing schemes, is one of Starting Well's early success stories.’
    • ‘Kerr first met the band's other cornerstone, guitarist Charlie Burchill, in a sandpit in Glasgow's Toryglen housing scheme when he was eight.’
    • ‘As it turns out he didni walk it from the the scheme into the city after all; he was going to but eventually he couldni be bothered, he took a taxi.’
    • ‘Outside in the playground, and around about the scheme, he had discovered the sweet secret of invisibility, a means of moving round the fringes without really being seen.’
    • ‘I took tram number 17 from his depressing little scheme in the western sector into the city centre.’
    • ‘What, in this dreich mid-January, is the public mood on the Easterhouse scheme (the English call them council estates) in Glasgow?’


  • 1[no object] Make plans, especially in a devious way or with intent to do something illegal or wrong.

    [with infinitive] ‘he schemed to bring about the collapse of the government’
    • ‘Some of the ‘characters’ on the show were so entertaining - especially those that plotted and schemed against the others.’
    • ‘An even more interesting possibility is that they were not merely actors but nimbly planning ones who schemed to exploit their would-be exploiters.’
    • ‘Over the years it has been accused of everything from gross ineptitude and massive corruption to scheming for world domination.’
    • ‘They are scheming and conniving and sometimes thoughtlessly cruel, too.’
    • ‘‘You were plotting and planning and scheming again,’ Emilyn tried to explain.’
    • ‘Doubtless the politicians will enjoy plotting and scheming in the Jacobean nooks and corners.’
    • ‘Initially she was tempted to drift off into fantasies, or use the time to plot or scheme but she knew this was wrong.’
    • ‘It was a secret operation that Michael had been scheming for years.’
    • ‘So, they planned, schemed, and worked hard throughout the night.’
    • ‘Instead of actors following scripts in a studio, audiences can see people very like themselves plotting and scheming for advantage in any setting imaginable.’
    • ‘She was incredibly intelligent, with a pristine photographic memory, and knew when someone was scheming for something.’
    • ‘She chats with me totally unaware that I'm practically scheming the whole time.’
    • ‘Later in the movie, Pippo acquits himself as expected, scheming to save Elena with a tailor-made plan that should sew the plot up nicely - but the audience knows that it's about to get knotty.’
    • ‘He not only lied, he actively plotted and schemed to pervert the course of justice.’
    • ‘After scheming for 13 years, hers is a cold and calculated act, working to a master plan.’
    • ‘Unnoticed and unsuspected, they schemed to bring terror and destruction to the streets of Britain.’
    • ‘I hate it when she's like this because secretly behind her calm demeanor she's plotting and scheming.’
    • ‘She is scheming for Aimee and me to be betrothed before the season is over.’
    • ‘Various dragons have been scheming, plotting, and trying to get him for years, and they've pretty much all ended up dead trying.’
    • ‘There is much evidence that these officers spent much of their time scheming for their own political advantage and in hopes of being assigned their own regiments.’
    plot, hatch a plot, conspire, take part in a conspiracy, intrigue, connive, manoeuvre, plan, lay plans
    machinate, cabal, complot
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    1. 1.1South African informal Think; suppose.
      [with clause] ‘I scheme it could work’
  • 2[with object] Arrange according to a colour scheme.

    ‘she was busy arranging flowers, scheming the candles and napkins’


  • the scheme of things

    • A supposed or apparent overall system, within which everything has a place and in relation to which individual details are ultimately to be assessed.

      ‘in the overall scheme of things, we didn't do badly’
      • ‘I'm mildly concerned that if I go out for lunch I probably won't be able to pay rent this week, but really this is a minor problem in the scheme of things.’
      • ‘I suspect the creator of this book, like me, just likes to see where she fits into the scheme of things - how far ahead or how far behind we may be in the great game of life.’
      • ‘‘In the scheme of things, trying to get to the bottom of that is relatively unimportant,’ he said.’
      • ‘On the other hand, the costs of ignoring security and getting hacked have been, in the scheme of things, relatively small.’
      • ‘But they are relatively trivial in the scheme of things.’
      • ‘Whether it takes another 10 days or two weeks, in the scheme of things, it's immaterial.’
      • ‘It stemmed from an attempt to figure out my place in the scheme of things.’
      • ‘I don't think I'm being totally too free and loose by describing that as a relatively small risk in the scheme of things.’
      • ‘If man is just a speck in the universe, like a bacteria, what does he matter in the scheme of things?’
      • ‘Both these events were very insignificant in the scheme of things and received almost as little attention then as they do currently.’


Mid 16th century (denoting a figure of speech): from Latin schema, from Greek (see schema). An early sense was ‘diagram of the position of celestial objects’, giving rise to ‘diagram, outline’, whence the current senses. The unfavourable notion ‘plot’ arose in the mid 18th century.