Definition of schema in English:



  • 1technical A representation of a plan or theory in the form of an outline or model.

    ‘a schema of scientific reasoning’
    • ‘Then he slots the settings, the characters, and the plot into reductive schemata accompanied by unfathomable diagrams which only lend the appearance of user-friendliness.’
    • ‘This process involved the application of fairly standardized schemata and models to the layout and structure of urban settlements.’
    • ‘While Johnnie certainly has a goal here, he is without a plan or a schema of how to achieve it.’
    • ‘The schema below summarizes the organizational structure of each chapter.’
    • ‘Most importantly for our purposes, schemas and scripts represent the means through which understanding and action are embedded in established institutional environments.’
    plot, outline, storyline, framework, structure, scheme, plan, layout
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  • 2Logic
    A syllogistic figure.

    • ‘Hence the logical proof schema which enables you to deduce any proposition whatever from a contradiction cannot be applied.’
    • ‘Upon occasion, Mill extolled all four of his inductive schemata as rules of proof of causal connection.’
    • ‘Despite only having three axiom schemata and a single inference rule, it is possible to prove any tautology in the simple Propositional Calculus, PC.’
    • ‘In contrast to schemas, however, these logics of action appear to be specific to the means-ends relationship that individuals and parties bring to an exchange.’
  • 3(in Kantian philosophy) a conception of what is common to all members of a class; a general or essential type or form.

    arrangement, system, organization, configuration, pattern, format, layout, disposition
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Late 18th century (as a term in philosophy): from Greek skhēma ‘form, figure’.