Definition of saturated in English:



  • 1Holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked.

    ‘a mass of saturated air decreases in temperature as it rises in the atmosphere’
    • ‘Ammonia is not effectively utilized by plants and microorganisms in saturated soil.’
    • ‘They should feel heavy and thoroughly saturated, but they should not be falling apart.’
    • ‘If you've used a pressure washer, the surface of the wood will be damp but not saturated, and should dry fairly quickly.’
    • ‘Nearly level topography, where soil usually drains poorly, may also result in surface movement of materials by water when a saturated condition in the soil causes high runoff.’
    • ‘Even after the surface flood water has receded, the soil may remain saturated for some time.’
    • ‘Open the door and breathe in the mossy, earthy smell of saturated soil.’
    • ‘Pollutants move with the water through the saturated soil only to travel into wells, streams, and ditches.’
    • ‘Seedlings planted in saturated soils or standing water will suffer from asphyxiation and probably die.’
    • ‘White granite boulders were loosened from the surrounding hills, split using water saturated wooden stakes, and painstakingly shaped into building blocks.’
    • ‘Water vapor rose from the saturated ground, adding to the heat from the wood- and charcoal-fired smokers.’
    • ‘High volumes of very hot and dry air moving through shallow beds of grain result in the air leaving the grain mass much less saturated compared to deep-bed, in-bin drying systems.’
    • ‘My lungs, dry like sandpaper from all the smoke, craved the saturated Washington air.’
    • ‘With three saturated sleeping bags, a bucket leaking tent that was close to collapsing, and our gear either soaking wet or caked with mud, I guess it was safe to say that we had certainly had enough.’
    • ‘Be sure to watch for water spraying and overly saturated spots.’
    • ‘In the wet season, their clothes were saturated and rotting, their boots full of water.’
    • ‘Soon, almost incredibly, I saw three life-jacketed figures lift a thoroughly saturated tuxedo-wearing form onto the police boat.’
    • ‘The presence of moisture in air conditioning ducts is common since the air leaving the air conditioner evaporator is saturated.’
    • ‘Casey rubbed her eyes and ran her hands over her saturated hair.’
    • ‘By the end of May the nearly saturated soil in the mountains could absorb little additional moisture.’
    • ‘The rising waters and saturated earth did not matter.’
    waterlogged, soggy, squelchy, heavy, muddy, swampy, boggy
    soaked, soaking, soaking wet, wet through, sopping, sopping wet, sodden, dripping, dripping wet, wringing wet, drenched, streaming wet
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Chemistry (of a solution) containing the largest possible amount of a particular solute.
      ‘a saturated barium hydroxide solution’
      • ‘If a hot saturated sugar solution is allowed to cool slowly, the sugar comes out of solution and crystallizes on the bottom of the container.’
      • ‘I held the saturated bisulfite solution at arms length and slowly added the sulfuric acid.’
      • ‘To maintain the saturated solution, add more of the distilled water or Ammonium Dichromate, always ensuring that a fine slurry of crystals is present on the bottom.’
      • ‘Is it possible make a saturated solution of benzoic acid using methylene chloride as the solvent?’
      • ‘The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of accelerated aging of wheat seeds either over a saturated solution of sodium chloride or over water.’
    2. 1.2[often in combination]Having or holding as much as can be absorbed of something.
      ‘the glitzy, media-saturated plasticity of Los Angeles’
      • ‘In the US, an already saturated news market realised that priorities had to shift.’
  • 2Chemistry
    (of an organic molecule) containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms, without carbon–carbon double or triple bonds.

    ‘saturated hydrocarbons’
    • ‘A new nomenclature system for the linear saturated hydrocarbons is proposed.’
    1. 2.1Denoting fats containing a high proportion of fatty acid molecules without double bonds, considered to be less healthy in the diet than unsaturated fats.
      ‘soybeans are low in saturated fats and sodium’
      • ‘Consumption of products such as soy milk also rose as consumers sought ways of reducing levels of saturated fat and cholesterol in their diets.’
      • ‘The Mediterranean diet is lighter on the saturated fats found in meat and dairy products, and heavier on mono-unsaturated fats, found in olive oil and walnuts.’
      • ‘Most foods contain several different kinds of fat - including saturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and trans fat - and some types are better for your health than others are.’
      • ‘A 4-ounce wedge of this creamy lemon pie provides 320 calories and 10 grams of fat (3.5 grams saturated).’
      • ‘As for fat, there are two main different types of fat: saturated and unsaturated.’
      • ‘At first glance, a serving of the lasagna appears to have 16 grams of fat - seven of them saturated.’
  • 3(of colour) very bright, full, and free from an admixture of white.

    ‘intense and saturated colour’
    • ‘The image is bright and crisp with fully saturated colours.’
    • ‘Amir Mokri's cinematography is dominated by warm, deeply saturated hues, and loads of shadows.’
    • ‘Despite the saturated hues, a quietness, partially the result of craft, characterizes the sculpture.’
    • ‘The colour seems less saturated than it could be, or maybe my eye demands a denser surface.’
    • ‘The saturated colours and grainy quality of the film evoke sticky, gritty skin and sweat; shot almost entirely on location, you can almost smell it.’
    • ‘The full color palette is properly saturated and detailed.’
    • ‘Still, there are brightly lit daylight scenes which show off more saturated color and natural skin tones.’
    • ‘Used as a simple camera, it renders rich, deeply saturated colors.’
    • ‘The colors and flesh tones are all very bright and well saturated while the black levels look deep and dark.’
    • ‘In 1962 Frankenthaler changed from oil to acrylic paint, which allowed her to achieve more richly saturated colour.’
    • ‘Its low refractive index, compared with that of the pigments, cause the scattering of considerable amounts of incident light, resulting in less saturated colours.’
    • ‘Verster then paints fields and loose approximations of subjects in rich swathes of highly saturated colour, sometimes removing paint to model his images.’
    • ‘Brilliant saturated colours are allowed to interlock in these irregular, but organically shaped patches.’
    • ‘On closer inspection, their active, tactile surfaces, particularly in the earlier works, consists of a rich and broad range of saturated colours underscored by earth tones.’
    • ‘Colors are bright and well saturated without bleeding or smearing.’
    • ‘The colors in the exterior scenes in India are bright and deeply saturated, but once the film's tone becomes grimmer, the color palette becomes muted and desaturated.’
    • ‘Clean, blip and fleck free pictures, well saturated colors, and a dash of light grain with a splash of digital edge enhancement make for a satisfactory overall presentation.’
    • ‘The colours are heavily saturated: her red dress billows against a deep blue sky.’
    • ‘The saturated colours of the garments worn by the rather corpulent figures in de Hooch's painting suggest that this was one of his later works.’
    • ‘The colours are no longer saturated, indeed they take on a certain mistiness.’