Definition of saturate in English:

saturate

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Cause (something) to become thoroughly soaked with water or other liquid so that no more can be absorbed.

    ‘the soil is saturated’
    • ‘As the frigid water saturates his jacket and pants, his first instinct is to let out a loud gasp.’
    • ‘Use a lot of water and saturate the deck and the surrounding covered plants.’
    • ‘No-till soils remain wetter longer in the spring and less precipitation is required to saturate them compared with plowed soil during the early stages of crop development.’
    • ‘When using a spray hose, spray low and hold it closely against your pet's coat so water saturates the coat and skin.’
    • ‘If it is a fast drying area, then xeriscape-type plants would do well, and if the area is always saturated with water, then bog-type of plants are needed.’
    • ‘Some of it splattered on to the ground, some of it soaked the scaffolding but the most of it ran flowed thickly down Peter's back, saturating his clothes.’
    • ‘Should a white-spotted film appear it probably results from minerals in the water and can be removed by saturating a soft cloth with lemon juice or vinegar and rubbing over the finish.’
    • ‘Rub into the stain for a minute, brush off the powder with a clean brush and sponge immediately with warm water, being careful not to saturate the carpet backing.’
    • ‘As always, it is important to thoroughly saturate a brick wall before application of any cleaning solution.’
    • ‘You will be surprised at how much paint rollers hold, so don't be concerned about thoroughly saturating the roller.’
    • ‘You should also be careful that watering systems for your lawn or flower beds do not spray water on the side of your house or saturate the ground near the house.’
    • ‘Work the soil only when it is dry enough to crumble easily after squeezing never when it is saturated with water.’
    • ‘Wiley gasped from exertion, feeling the cold rain saturating her clothes.’
    • ‘Uncorking it, she took out a small rag and saturated it with the liquid.’
    • ‘One theory holds that rainstorm runoff saturates the ground, making it slippery and allowing heavy gales to push the rocks.’
    • ‘He closed his eyes and let the warm water saturate his skin.’
    • ‘Foaming bathroom cleaner does a wonderful job on soot, but first saturate the bricks with an all-purpose cleaner and allow to soak a few minutes.’
    • ‘She grabbed a towel by the sink and turned on the cold water, saturating the towel thoroughly.’
    • ‘Once the Shih Tzu is thoroughly soaked, saturate the sponge with shampoo and from the rear to front, shampoo every part of the Shih Tzu.’
    • ‘We believe it's unlikely that water will saturate the slab, seeping through to the wooden framing, it is quite possible, and even likely, that small cracks have developed over the years.’
    soak, drench, waterlog, wet through, wet
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Cause (a substance) to combine with, dissolve, or hold the greatest possible quantity of another substance.
      ‘the groundwater is saturated with calcium hydroxide’
      • ‘When the resin becomes saturated with calcium and magnesium, it must be recharged.’
      • ‘You also should know that charcoal filters may become saturated with the chemical impurities they remove, and, for that reason, they have a limited lifetime.’
      • ‘This water emerges saturated with oxygen that is able to kill germs, build bodily strength and support the immune system.’
      • ‘If the surface film of water is saturated with oxygen there will be no further diffusion until oxygen diffuses from the surface film into the overall body of water.’
      • ‘To be fully active, osteocalcin must be saturated with carboxyl groups, and that's vitamin K's job.’
      • ‘Eventually, the surface of the activated charcoal will be saturated with absorbed pollutants and no further purification will occur.’
      • ‘The liqueur is saturated with sugar, so I expected the viscosity to be high, but it also contains 43% alcohol.’
      • ‘However, bacterial decomposition had saturated the Vasa's oaken beams with hydrogen sulfide, which eventually created a huge reservoir of sulfur.’
      • ‘And because the pleats have more area it takes three times longer for the filter to become saturated with dust and dirt.’
      • ‘After 5 days of eating broccoli or oil fortified with vitamin K, says Booth, more osteocalcin was saturated with carboxyl groups.’
      • ‘In the Pacific Northwest, for example, apple growers adorn their trees with dispensers that saturate the air with the chemical sex attractant, or pheromone, of female codling moths.’
      • ‘The drug is most commonly taken by mouth, and only rarely injected, but occasionally tobacco is saturated with LSD and then smoked.’
      • ‘Polyethylene pellets, saturated with melted paraffin, then mixed with wet gypsum and compressed in sheet form, also yield production quality drywall.’
      • ‘Although the core materials are saturated in resins, the planks can still swell from excessive amounts of moisture.’
    2. 1.2Magnetize or charge (a substance or device) fully.
    3. 1.3Electronics
      Put (a device) into a state in which no further increase in current is achievable.
    4. 1.4Fill (something or someone) with something until no more can be held or absorbed.
      ‘the air is saturated with the smells of food’
      • ‘What's worse, agribusiness is saturating the media with misleading reports of the purported ecological risks of organic and other environmentally sustainable agricultural practices.’
      • ‘Interest in amateur blogs may fade once the medium becomes saturated with professional content.’
      • ‘It's everywhere, saturating airwaves and club sound systems at an epidemic rate.’
      • ‘Gran opens one of the containers and immediately the dog's nostrils are saturated with a powerful chemical smell.’
      • ‘The editorial is there to deliver readers to the advertisers and most of it is utterly saturated with the concerns and values of the advertising that surrounds it.’
      • ‘His books are saturated with mirrors, windows, diaries, memories, travels, dreams, narcissism, and gazing.’
      • ‘The choice of material is excellent and the performance is saturated with soul.’
      • ‘Our culture is saturated with stereotypical expectations for both girls and boys.’
      • ‘As a result, the Arabic food vocabulary is as saturated with Persian words as English is with French.’
      • ‘Today's media is saturated with images of male physiques that cannot be achieved without the help of steroids.’
      • ‘These songs are by no means depressing, instead they are sensual and saturated with lush instrumentation and brass percussion.’
      • ‘The Western world, particularly the U.S., is saturated with information technology.’
      • ‘What was once dairy farms and dirt roads is now one of the city's most vibrant and cohesive communities, saturated with stylish shops and bars so popular that patrons spill out onto the street.’
      • ‘Although it may seem like we're saturated with credit cards these days, the bank claims we are woefully inadequate with our plastic when compared to the United States.’
      • ‘The film is shot on grainy stock: some scenes are saturated in white; a few have a cold blue tint; others a homely yellow or brown.’
      • ‘After 45 solid minutes I was totally saturated with information and all sorts of flashing images.’
      • ‘Do you then saturate yourself in source materials and then write, or do you have the materials out in front of you when you're writing?’
      • ‘The discourse of all major speakers is saturated with religious ideas, sometimes explicitly.’
      • ‘Recently, the popular music sector was saturated with boy bands, girl groups and choreographed vocalists in the wake of the fall of grunge.’
      • ‘If you've seen the commercials, you already know that the film is an aesthetic marvel, saturated with color and light and visual decadence.’
    5. 1.5Supply (a market) beyond the point at which the demand for a product is satisfied.
      ‘Japan's electronics industry began to saturate the world markets’
      • ‘It also illustrates how they successfully penetrated the European car market which was already saturated with a large number of competitors.’
      • ‘The comic book itself has changed since the days when the market was saturated with mass-produced comics.’
      • ‘The market is saturated with this sort of heavy, but melodic guitar-based rock, and there isn't really a wrinkle or gimmick to help attract listeners.’
      • ‘Indeed, some analysts give the company only two years at most before it saturates the U.S. market.’
      • ‘‘I'll go into a city in advance and saturate the market,’ he says.’
      • ‘For instance, the company built on its early success by saturating a local market with multiple locations.’
      • ‘After they open there, they will probably have saturated the Boston region.’
      • ‘You saturate the market, and you have to move to another location and open another store.’
      • ‘The PC market is saturated with hard disk drives.’
      • ‘With 508 stores in the U.S. and 114 in Canada, the company is perilously close to saturating the market.’
      • ‘The market is soon saturated with imported automobiles, electronic gadgetry, luxurious home appliances and name-brand whisky.’
      • ‘It's assumed both stores operate at a loss, staying in business to saturate the market and not give up the edge.’
      • ‘In Europe where the car market was already saturated with global players, the company concentrated on car sales rather than production.’
      • ‘If that number's shrinking, how can you predict a larger sales number when we saturate most of the market already?’
      • ‘He sees expansion beyond Singapore's boundaries as the only way to avoid the slow profit growth that comes to a company that has saturated its home market.’
      • ‘It's the nature of business to take a profitable idea and exploit it until the market is utterly saturated with similar product and demand dries up as a result.’
      • ‘Once the large industrial distilleries saturated the market with a better product at a lower cost this drove the little distilleries out of business but there were taste preferences persisting in consumers.’
      • ‘Industry observers say the Swiss market is saturated with too many banks chasing too few Swiss francs.’
      • ‘Pat was doing all her business in New York City, and it looked as though she might have saturated the market there.’
    6. 1.6Overwhelm (an enemy target area) by concentrated bombing.
      • ‘The target area would be saturated, that was certain, but Erik doubted whether it would work or not.’
      • ‘The grenades burst out from the warhead at 150m from the target, saturating a large area with deadly explosive power.’

noun

  • A saturated fat.

    ‘as far as the heart is concerned saturates are considered the main enemy’
    • ‘According to the manufacturer, a 34.5g bag of salt and vinegar crisps contains 11.4g of fat, of which 5.2g are the more harmful saturates.’
    • ‘These foods also contribute 27% of the total saturates, and are often a source of industrial trans fats.’
    • ‘For a lot of women, the last thing in the world they need to do is lower their HDL, so an appropriate blend of fat would include some saturates.’
    • ‘Biscuits, buns, cakes and pastries, puddings, and ice cream could be taxed if they raised cholesterol concentrations but exempt if the ratio of polyunsaturates to saturates were more favourable.’

adjective

literary
  • Saturated with moisture.

Origin

Late Middle English (as an adjective in the sense ‘satisfied’): from Latin saturat- filled, glutted, from the verb saturare, from satur full. The early sense of the verb (mid 16th century) was ‘satisfy’; the noun dates from the 1950s.

Pronunciation:

saturate

/ˈsatʃərət/