Definition of sarcophagus in English:

sarcophagus

noun

  • A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece.

    • ‘At the British Museum, children rushed to gather around the grave sites, mummies and sarcophagi, literally screaming with excitement, and determinedly fell to sketching these fascinating artefacts.’
    • ‘Some of the mummies were wrapped in linen and encased in sealed coffins and stone sarcophagi.’
    • ‘The sarcophagus is also oriented to the compass directions, and is only 1 cm smaller in dimensions than the chamber entrance.’
    • ‘The crypt of the Romanesque-Gothic transitional Basilique Saint-Paul, which contains several Roman sarcophagi, is considered to have been the mausoleum of a wealthy family.’
    • ‘Used for storage and for seating, cassoni were patterned after ancient Roman sarcophagi, which were much appreciated in the Renaissance when there was a renewed interest in classical antiquity.’
    • ‘There are building stones for temples and pyramids; ornamental stones for vessels, stelae, sarcophagi, statues and other sculptures; and precious stones for jewelry.’
    • ‘A great lord was buried in a sarcophagus: the body was in a coffin, which in turn was in a larger stone casing that was usually decorated.’
    • ‘He was buried in a sarcophagus in front of the Cairo Museum.’
    • ‘He accused the team of being unethical in implementing their forensic examination, as well as disregarding the use of scientific procedures while removing the fragile mummy from its golden sarcophagus.’
    • ‘One day, you're bouncing on top of a camel and climbing inside the Great Pyramid to eye the stone sarcophagus of Pharaoh Cheops.’
    • ‘Massive stone tombs and carved sarcophagi were visible through the foggy moonlight.’
    • ‘The centre of the room is now occupied by the quartzite sarcophagus containing the outermost coffin.’
    • ‘During her studies she worked with the British Museum examining the paints used on the sarcophagus of an Egyptian mummy to find out how the ancients had created a new colour.’
    • ‘Then, during excavations on the rue Descartes in 1909, three sarcophagi from the ancient Merovingian cemetery were found, two of adult size and one of child size.’
    • ‘it was decided that a stone sarcophagus - not previously used for kings - should be installed.’
    • ‘The stone sarcophagus is carefully lifted from its resting place in Mill Mount, York.’
    • ‘The team first removed the stone lid from his sarcophagus.’
    • ‘At a casual glance it might seem just another book about sarcophagi, another archaeological survey of tombs, funerary ritual, and the care of corpses.’
    • ‘Charlemagne too fitted out his new capital with monuments constructed with spolia from Rome and Ravenna; his own tomb was an ancient sarcophagus.’
    • ‘In the burial chamber, a nest of four golden shrines, each sitting within the other, are removed, to reveal a stone sarcophagus.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek sarkophagos ‘flesh-consuming’, from sarx, sark- ‘flesh’ + -phagos ‘-eating’.

Pronunciation

sarcophagus

/sɑːˈkɒfəɡəs/