Definition of sarcoid in English:

sarcoid

adjective

Medicine
  • Relating to, denoting, or suffering from sarcoidosis.

    ‘sarcoid lung and lymph tissue’
    ‘sarcoid patients responded to vitamin supplements’
    • ‘Better understanding of this sarcoid inflammation is gradually leading to better care for the patient.’
    • ‘For deterioration of ocular sarcoid lesions, seven patients (stage 1, n = 5 and stage 2, n = 2) needed a long period of corticosteroid therapy.’
    • ‘Somewhere between 34 and 50 percent of sarcoid patients are discovered this way.’
    • ‘Total RNA was prepared from purified T lymphocytes obtained from patients with sarcoid T-cell alveolitis or normal T cells or purified alveolar macrophages from patients with active sarcoidosis and control subjects.’
    • ‘Immunocompetent cells infiltrating sarcoid lung have been evaluated by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis, and functional assays.’

noun

Medicine
  • 1A granuloma of the type present in sarcoidosis.

    ‘localization of the sarcoids’
    • ‘Some friends who have had experience with sarcoids on their own horses looked at my mare and said it looked like sarcoid to them.’
    • ‘Some breeds of horses are more prone to sarcoids, and of course, appaloosa was amongst that list.’
    • ‘Epithelial lining fluid from active sarcoids contained elevated levels of interleukin-18, interferon-gamma, and interleukin-12 compared with recovered patients and also contained significantly higher levels of endotoxin.’
    • ‘When sarcoids are removed, they have a high incidence of regrowing.’
    1. 1.1[mass noun]The condition and symptoms of sarcoidosis.
      ‘tissues affected by sarcoid’
      • ‘The lungs are involved in more than 90 percent of patients, with sarcoid usually presenting as interstitial disease.’
      • ‘Annular lesions may mimic those of granuloma annulare or sarcoid; however, the lesions of these granulomatous disorders lack the fine scale of lichen planus papules.’
      • ‘Occasionally, rosacea may present with a granulomatous appearance that may be difficult to distinguish from facial sarcoid.’
      • ‘Pericardial sarcoid is rarely diagnosed pre-mortem and has only been diagnosed with tissue specimens.’
      • ‘The granulomas in sarcoid tend to be larger, more numerous, and more well formed than in PBC.’

Origin

Mid 19th century (in the sense ‘resembling flesh’): from Greek sarx, sark- flesh + -oid.

Pronunciation:

sarcoid

/ˈsɑːkɔɪd/