One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
verbsaponifies, saponified, saponifying[with object]Chemistry
1Turn (fat or oil) into soap by reaction with an alkali.‘saponified vegetable oils’
- ‘In this work, saponified coconut oil was used as a chemical model to explain the behavior of amphiphilic molecules in biological systems related to their mutagenesis potential.’
- ‘Sterol lipids were saponified and extracted using a modification of a published method.’
- ‘Its vegetable and botanical ingredients include saponified coconut and olive oils, a natural citrus essential-oil blend, and aloe and rosemary extracts.’
- ‘After visualization with primuline (0 • 01% in 80% acetone), lipid bands were scraped off, saponified and fatty acids methylated with boron trifluoride.’
- ‘The purpose of an alkali is to saponify the oils and dislodge ordinary soil and other matter.’
- 1.1 Convert (any ester) into an alcohol and a metal salt by alkaline hydrolysis.
- ‘The ethyl ester protecting groups of the tartrate were saponified in 1 M NaOH and heated at 40-45 deg C for I h.’
- ‘Under acidic conditions, it changes into Pheo a, whereas it is saponified to chlorophyllide under alkali conditions.’
- ‘The resulting ester was saponified under basic conditions to the free acid, converted to the acyl chloride with thionyl chloride, and then to the amide with anhydrous ammonia gas.’
- ‘A sample of the isolated anthocyanins was also saponified using the method described by Durst and Wrolstad to remove acylation.’
Early 19th century: from French saponifier, from Latin sapo, sapon- ‘soap’.
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