Definition of Sanskrit in English:

Sanskrit

noun

mass noun
  • An ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

    • ‘He took theatre, hitherto marked out for the elite who could understand Sanskrit, to the laymen by using their language.’
    • ‘She is also concerned that those of her generation do not care to learn a classical language like Sanskrit.’
    • ‘We sat down in front of a friend of Supawan's family, who speaks Sanskrit (the language for prayer and meditation), and a vat of cold water.’
    • ‘I began learning to speak Kellian, a very elaborate language, similar in style to ancient Sanskrit, with great difficulty.’
    • ‘A well-known orchid genus vanda, has its name derived from Sanskrit.’
    • ‘My dad had taught me an ancient royal language, Sanskrit, years before.’
    • ‘The word yoga comes from the ancient Indian language Sanskrit, and it means union.’
    • ‘The cultures of the Sinti and the Roma are related, just like their language, which originates from one of the oldest languages, Sanskrit.’
    • ‘I was seated next to a highly educated and enlightened Christian priest who was an authority on Hindu scriptures, Upanishads and Sanskrit.’
    • ‘There are also translations from Sanskrit in Kharosti script.’
    • ‘I am open to suggestions as long as they are written in Sanskrit.’
    • ‘They're so unintelligible that they might as well be written in Sanskrit.’
    • ‘The fact that the text was written in Sanskrit did not facilitate its dissemination.’
    • ‘The language, Gujarati, comes from Sanskrit - an ancient language.’
    • ‘The ancient Indian scriptures written in Sanskrit becomes familiar ground once the language barrier is broken, he adds.’
    • ‘A group called Dom belonged to the aboriginal peoples of India but had adopted the Hindu religion and an Indo-Aryan language derived from Sanskrit.’
    • ‘Ambitious for he knew not what, he continued writing poetry, learning Sanskrit, riding horses, falling in love.’
    • ‘This classical Sanskrit became the language of the priestly class and later of the governing class.’
    • ‘They learn Hindu chants in the ancient language, Sanskrit.’
    • ‘It was written in Sanskrit, now infrequently known in India, and translations brought about by the British were highly selective and at times ‘of no value’.’

Sanskrit was spoken in India roughly 1200–400 BC, and continues in use as a language of religion and scholarship. It is written from left to right in the Devanagari script. The suggestion by Sir William Jones(1746–94) of its common origin with Latin and Greek was a major advance in the development of historical linguistics

adjective

  • Relating to Sanskrit.

    • ‘I mean can you believe the fact that I have worked with Sanskrit pandits for some 11 years now and I still feel that there is a lot more that I have to learn.’
    • ‘At the Mission he studied the sacred Sanskrit texts, memorising slokas that he could recite well into his eighties.’
    • ‘A catalogue of Sanskrit manuscripts was published by the institute in 1999.’
    • ‘Sessions begin with a Sanskrit invocation as ‘an exercise for the vocal chords.’’
    • ‘It is the sound effects that retain the child's attention and so the child does not tire of repeating nursery rhymes, he said, quoting a Sanskrit verse.’
    • ‘‘Malavikagnimitram’ is the least performed of Sanskrit plays.’
    • ‘But the Sanskrit plays still survive in Kerala, though the performance has been modified by regional modes and peculiarities.’
    • ‘She knew the power of imagination and went beyond Sanskrit theatre in her unfolding of the Ramayana, through Bharatanatayam.’
    • ‘She had identified the universal appeal of Koodiyattam before Japanese scholars discovered that forms like Noh shared a common philosophy with the Sanskrit theatre form.’
    • ‘I remember a conversation with a South Asian student in Sanskrit class in 1990.’
    • ‘There was one lecturer each for Persian and philosophy but they have not been appointed for two years while the only Sanskrit lecturer has been absent for one and half years.’
    • ‘Being born in a family of traditional Sanskrit scholars, and having a scholar who was an authority on Valmiki and Kalidasa for a father helped too.’
    • ‘Local Sanskrit scholars have given us a whole bouquet of meanings for the word, or words, ‘Varana-vata’.’
    • ‘The profile of the band mentions that their influences range from classical metal, hard rock, blues and jazz and even Sanskrit rock.’
    • ‘In the second part, the author gives a fairly detailed sketch of six Sanskrit luminaries whose formal education proved no yardstick to measure their scholarship.’
    • ‘The second fellowship is aimed at budding Sanskrit scholars.’
    • ‘This tradition of Sanskrit theatre, now performed only in Kerala, is usually performed by a section of upper class Hindus, known as the Chakyars.’
    • ‘The Sanskrit drama, ‘Karnabharam’ finds a place on the site.’
    • ‘‘I am planning to adapt a Sanskrit play into my production by 2004’.’
    • ‘Linguistic ability seems to have firmly been ingrained in Narang's family for his wife teaches Hindi and his son is well on the way of being a Sanskrit scholar.’

Sanskrit was spoken in India roughly 1200–400 BC, and continues in use as a language of religion and scholarship. It is written from left to right in the Devanagari script. The suggestion by Sir William Jones(1746–94) of its common origin with Latin and Greek was a major advance in the development of historical linguistics

Origin

From Sanskrit saṃskṛta ‘composed, elaborated’, from saṃ ‘together’ + kṛ ‘make’ + the past participle ending -ta.

Pronunciation

Sanskrit

/ˈsanskrɪt/