Definition of sanitation in English:



mass noun
  • Conditions relating to public health, especially the provision of clean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal.

    ‘they could afford to erect new dwellings with a reasonable standard of construction and sanitation’
    • ‘Food habit, clean drinking water and proper sanitation hold the key to preserving the health of the people.’
    • ‘In the absence of adequate medical services, congestion and poor sanitation may cause health hazards.’
    • ‘At this point, the lack of clean drinking water and sanitation is the main threat.’
    • ‘Most epidemics are caused by lack of proper sanitation and safe drinking water.’
    • ‘Moreover to maintain the men's health and strength, sanitation and cleanliness were made matters of regulation.’
    • ‘Clean water, sanitation and health education are seen as the greatest needs.’
    • ‘Access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation, especially in the rural countryside, is limited.’
    • ‘The United Nations estimates that 1.1 billion people have no access to fresh water and 2.4 billion lack access to adequate sanitation.’
    • ‘It was not just the developing countries with their large populations and lack of adequate sanitation that wanted a solution to the problem of malaria.’
    • ‘A total of 2.4 billion people currently lack adequate sanitation facilities.’
    • ‘Many communities still suffer from lack of clean drinking water and sanitation.’
    • ‘Close living conditions, poor sanitation, and lack of medical facilities has led to an increase of communicable diseases.’
    • ‘Access to clean drinking water and sanitation alone would save nearly two million lives each year and prevent half a billion diseases annually.’
    • ‘The disease is common in developing countries lacking adequate sewage and sanitation facilities.’
    • ‘Different groups had varying standards of health and sanitation.’
    • ‘Health and sanitation is a reliable indicator of the level of progress a particular society makes in various sectors.’
    • ‘Apart from ensuring health, hygiene and sanitation, the army is focussing on the psychological rehabilitation of the survivors.’
    • ‘With little access to clean drinking water and sanitation, the inhabitants face a constant threat of disease.’
    • ‘They are generally living in older areas of modern cities, which are well known for poor sanitation, lack of health facilities and basic amenities.’
    • ‘The Infection Control department reviewed interim plans to ensure cleaning and sanitation standards could be maintained.’
    cleanliness, personal hygiene, personal cleanliness, purity, sterility, disinfection, sanitariness
    View synonyms


Mid 19th century: formed irregularly from sanitary.