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[mass noun] A glassy mineral of the alkali feldspar group, typically occurring as tabular crystals.
- ‘The majority of the rhyolites are porphyritic and contain phenocrysts of one or more of the following: plagioclase, clinopyroxene, magnetite, quartz and sanidine, plus accessory apatite and zircon.’
- ‘Feldspar (including sanidine and plagioclase) separates were handpicked from a 62-125 mm sieve fraction crushed from megacrysts.’
- ‘At temperatures above about 660°C complete solid solution occurs between the two alkali feldspar end-members sanidine and high albite, but below this there is a break and two feldspars of different composition occur together.’
- ‘The dominant non-clay mineral composition of the coarse fraction consists of biotite, quartz, and sanidine with lesser amounts of apatite and zircon.’
- ‘Closer to the contact microcline is replaced by sanidine, and perthitic exsolution in detrital alkali feldspar begins to disappear.’
Early 19th century: from Greek sanis, sanid- board + -ine.
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