Definition of sandalwood in English:

sandalwood

noun

  • 1A widely cultivated Indian tree which yields fragrant timber and oil.

    • ‘The sandalwood needs to be planted with a host plant which provides nutrients for the first couple of years of its life.’
    • ‘Sitting in the centre of Wanfuge, the largest pavilion, is a 26-metre statue of Maitreya, Buddha of the Future, carved out of a single trunk of a white sandalwood tree.’
    • ‘There was a pause during which I seemed to hear the regular gentle swish of the punkah and the steady buzzing of the cicadas in the sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘He is also said to have slain more than 2,000 elephants for their tusks and felled thousands of sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘Tell me about the sort of products you'd get out the sandalwood tree.’
    • ‘A group of militiamen, apparently unarmed, stood beneath a large sandalwood tree.’
    • ‘They had mapped out various routes through parts of the buffer zone of the reserve which has a number of sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘One of the trees found in tropical deciduous forests is the sandalwood tree.’
    • ‘That meant that gangs could be poaching the sandalwood and in the process killing the ‘sacred trees,’ elephants, and perhaps even people.’
    • ‘So now we're standing next to one of the sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘The area once rich with red sanders, sandalwood and teak trees, deer, boars, wild sheep and tigers, was widely plundered before it was declared a reserve forest.’
    • ‘But after the felling of a sandalwood tree inside the GNP, the authorities have decided not to allow the mahout and the animal into the park.’
    • ‘Many of the islands are mountainous and heavily forested with teak, ebony, and sandalwood.’
    • ‘The Government should impose strict measures to contain illegal cutting down of sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘He switched on later to the lucrative clandestine trade of felling and smuggling of sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘A tall sandalwood tree, the transverse section of a teak trunk and the colossal egg of an ostrich are some of the other fascinating exhibits.’
    • ‘Likewise, it is ideal to encourage individuals to grow sandalwood trees.’
    • ‘A sandalwood tree infected with this mycoplasma organism usually dies within three years.’
    • ‘The measures include special legislation, creating a sandalwood forest division and a task force for forest protection and the rehabilitation of tribals.’
    • ‘In the February issue, Marayoor, known for its natural sandalwood forests and prehistoric rock paintings, is featured.’
    1. 1.1mass noun A perfume or incense derived from the timber of the sandalwood.
      • ‘This fragrance has hints of rose, peach, cinnamon, jasmine, freesia, Tonka bean, cedar, sandalwood and carnations. and classified as sultry and refined.’
      • ‘You can also try basil, chamomile, juniper, neroli or sandalwood essential oils.’
      • ‘Look for Ayurvedic formulations that contain skin-friendly herbs such as sandalwood, turmeric, brahmi, amla and aloe vera.’
      • ‘It's a delicious blend of frankincense, marjoram, sandalwood and lavender that promotes a restful sleep.’
      • ‘Upon entering the shop the pleasant smell of Jasmine mixed with sandalwood gives you a calm and good feeling.’
      • ‘Lavender, sandalwood, clary sage, rose, frankincense and pine are good choices.’
      • ‘Indian rose and sandalwood is a thicker blend of oils that can be used for bath ‘milk'.’
      • ‘The recipient's skin is bathed with water and a herbal paste of sandalwood, jasmine, and rose.’
      • ‘A perfume, maybe sandalwood, floats in this Aladdin's cave, with every surface covered by carpets and embroidered fabrics, wood and stone sculptures.’
      • ‘Enhance your romantic moments with scents known for their aphrodisiac properties: jasmine, tuberose, ylang-ylang, sandalwood, rose and clary sage.’
      • ‘Perfumed with incense and sandalwood and synonymous with soap and silk, it is among the most beautiful cities in the country.’
      • ‘Remove from heat, pour into a ceramic bowl, add fifteen drops each of the lavender and sandalwood essential oil and beat until cool and creamy.’
      • ‘The smell of incense and sandalwood pervades the air as one walks into the Pudu Mandapam, opposite the Meenakshi Sundareswar Temple.’
      • ‘Cooler notes are provided by wisteria, musk and linen while vanilla, sandalwood and acacia warm to the pulse points.’
      • ‘The set also includes a small packet of sandalwood incense, tiny incense holder, votive candle and yoga strap.’
      • ‘This woody fragrance is spicy and fresh with a blend of fresh jasmine, lemon, sandalwood, and warm spices.’
      • ‘A paste made of the plant with cloves, sandalwood, musk and rose-water is stated to be effective in curing exanthemata.’
      • ‘Bring moisture to dry skin-using essential oils of palmarosa, rosewood or sandalwood.’
      • ‘The elegant bamboo reeds release clean, invigorating pamplemousse, jasmine, tamarind and sandalwood oils, for a warm, natural scent.’
      • ‘Jasmine, patchouli, sandalwood, rose, ylang-ylang and a number of other aromatherapy oils used in perfumery are known for their aphrodisiac properties.’
    2. 1.2 Used in names of trees which yield timber similar to that of the sandalwood, e.g. red sandalwood.
      • ‘Laboratory rodents have been tortured and destroyed in the name of Australian sandalwood, and yet the aromatic is an ingredient in certain ‘cruelty free’ cosmetics sold in the USA and Australia!’
      • ‘An S-shaped chopsticks rack made from red sandalwood is a symbol of good luck.’
      • ‘Red sandalwood trees, although scattered throughout southern China, are native to India and some Southeast Asian countries.’
      • ‘Most furniture was made out of hardwood, for example, red sandalwood or walnut.’

Origin

Early 16th century: sandal from medieval Latin sandalum (based on Sanskrit candana) + wood.

Pronunciation

sandalwood

/ˈsand(ə)lwʊd/