Definition of sanatorium in English:



  • 1An establishment for the medical treatment of people who are convalescing or have a chronic illness.

    Also called sanitarium
    • ‘The number of tuberculosis cases in the United States has decreased by 66%, but the number of beds available in sanatoria has declined 90% to 95%.’
    • ‘This town had a large sanatorium for those with respiratory illnesses.’
    • ‘Removal of infectious sufferers from the community had contributed to a decrease in incidence of the disease, but for the patients in sanatoria or specialized hospitals there was no specific cure.’
    • ‘Patients all received INH / PAS for 1 year and were randomly allocated to treatment in sanatorium or at home.’
    • ‘Recumbency was, in fact, rigorously enforced in some tuberculosis sanatoriums in which patients were fed, made to use bed pans, and bathed, all while lying flat.’
    • ‘He developed pulmonary tuberculosis at the time of his final undergraduate examination, resulting in over two years in a sanatorium.’
    • ‘The sanatorium was dedicated to the treatment of concentration camp survivors, particularly those from Auschwitz.’
    • ‘He intended to be a painter, but in 1935 was severely injured in a bicycle accident; he spent months in hospital and a sanatorium, and was an invalid for the rest of his life.’
    • ‘During the second world war he had pulmonary tuberculosis, but after treatment in a sanatorium and extensive surgery he returned to practice until the age of 72.’
    • ‘In 1939, membership was broadened to include physicians with an interest in tuberculosis who did not work in sanatoria, and the name was changed to American Trudeau Society.’
    • ‘At the time the American Sanatorium Association was founded, there were only 106 sanatoriums in the United States, which provided 9,107 beds for patients with tuberculosis.’
    • ‘In general character, Hartberg recalls early Modernist hospitals and sanatoria, with an optimistic feeling of light and air and a promise of brisk efficiency.’
    • ‘Reliance on folk medicine has been lessening, and modern medicine with physicians, nurses, clinics, pharmacies, and sanatoria is the norm.’
    • ‘This includes a mental hospital, sanatorium, convalescent home, nursing home, maternity home, clinic and health centre.’
    • ‘Employees at Argentine public health and private hospitals, clinics, sanatoriums and emergency services carried out a 24-hour strike on September 15 to press their demand for better wages and job security.’
    • ‘He was transferred to a private sanatorium, Central Valley Hospital of Orange County, New York, and two years later, to the State Homeopathic Asylum for the Insane in Middletown, New York.’
    • ‘Further, the fully supervised sanatorium based treatment of the earlier days also gave way to the totally unsupervised domiciliary treatment.’
    • ‘We need to make an impact on disability in old age over the coming 50 years comparable to that which led to the closure of sanatoriums for infectious diseases and asylums for mental illnesses over the past 50.’
    • ‘Not only did sanatoriums close, but also therapeutic mainstays like pneumothorax and pneumoperitoneum became obsolete, and surgical procedures such as thoracoplasty and the surgeons who did them disappeared.’
    • ‘Further work on drugs for tuberculosis marked the beginning of the end of the old approach of treatment sanatoriums, and a large study of the benefits of BCG in adolescents lead to Britain's mass vaccination programme.’
    infirmary, clinic, sickbay, sickroom, medical centre, hospital, hospice, nursing home, convalescent home, rest home
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1British A room or building for sick children in a boarding school.
      • ‘She is a sanatorium sister at King's School, in Bruton, Somerset.’
      • ‘In 1965 the Sanatorium moved from one old vicarage (College House) to another (Peterborough House).’


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, based on Latin sanare ‘heal’.