Definition of salt in English:

salt

Pronunciation: /sɒlt//sɔːlt/

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A white crystalline substance which gives seawater its characteristic taste and is used for seasoning or preserving food.

    • ‘When just tender, mix in all the rest of the ingredients with salt to taste.’
    • ‘Once the cheese has melted, add lemon juice, salt and pepper to taste.’
    • ‘Add white soy sauce and milk, season with salt and pepper to taste and bring to a simmer.’
    • ‘Correct seasoning with salt, pepper and maybe a pinch of sugar.’
    • ‘Season the carbonara with several turns of freshly ground black pepper and taste for salt.’
    • ‘Add the braised chicken and season to taste with salt and pepper sauce.’
    • ‘Place the flour, Parmesan, butter and a pinch of salt in a food processor and blend briefly.’
    • ‘In pure form, the way we mostly see it, salt is white and crystalline.’
    • ‘Finely chop tomatoes and mix in bowl with lobster and egg whites and season with salt and pepper.’
    • ‘As the class drew to a close we talked about nutrition and how some folks made it a choice to eat a healthier diet with less fat, less sugar, less salt and less fast food.’
    • ‘Dress up a platter of fresh vegetables with a shallow dish of extra-virgin olive oil and balsamic vinegar seasoned with salt and pepper.’
    • ‘Taste and adjust the seasoning with salt, pepper and either lemon juice or wine vinegar.’
    • ‘Lay the marinated turkey strips on the grill and season with salt and pepper to taste.’
    • ‘Pour in the cream and taste for seasoning, adding salt and pepper as necessary.’
    • ‘Place the flour, oatmeal and a pinch of salt in a food processor with the butter.’
    • ‘For the pastry, first sift both the flours and half a teaspoon of salt in a food processor.’
    • ‘In these products, salt seasons the food but is not necessary to ensure its safety.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, blend the remaining ingredients in a food processor until combined, then season with salt to taste.’
    • ‘When preparing foods for your baby you should also avoid adding additional flavours such as salt and sugar as babies can't cope with excess salt in food or sugar and do not need it.’
    • ‘Lightly whisk the eggs in a large bowl and season with salt, pepper and herbs.’
    sodium chloride
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1literary Something which adds freshness or piquancy:
      ‘he described danger as the salt of pleasure’
      zest, spice, spiciness, sharpness, raciness, saltiness
      View synonyms
  • 2Chemistry
    Any chemical compound formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, with all or part of the hydrogen of the acid replaced by a metal or other cation.

    • ‘Samples were pre-incubated with various concentrations of chloride salts of the monovalent cations and then assayed using the standard procedure.’
    • ‘Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.’
    • ‘Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4.’
    • ‘Many common metal hydroxides (with the exceptions of the salts of the alkali metals and some of the alkaline earth metals) are insoluble in water.’
    • ‘In some such compounds, the hydrogen atom in the carboxyl group is neutralized by reaction with a base, to form the metal salt of the fatty acid.’
  • 3usually old saltinformal An experienced sailor:

    ‘he was one of many old salts who lined up to volunteer’
    • ‘If you're an old salt yourself, or enjoy the carousing tales of the mariners, then you will enjoy the book and perhaps even have met some of the characters.’
    • ‘I used to jump off the boat to release the pots, but an old salt gave me a tip.’
    • ‘I looked out across Poole Harbour, searching for the dolphin as directed by the local old salt.’
    • ‘The jewel of the crew, known as Redman for obvious reasons, was an old salt with Navy SEAL experience, and had coffee and a ‘good morning ‘brewing at 5 a.m. daily.’’
    • ‘I guess that brings us back to the beginning - that there is no easy route or short answer to bridge the generation gap between our sharp young Sailors and old salts like me.’
    sailor, seafarer, seafaring man, mariner, boatman, hand, crew member, rating
    View synonyms

adjective

  • 1Impregnated with, treated with, or tasting of salt:

    ‘salt water’
    ‘salt beef’
    • ‘I could smell the salt air as it whipped through my hair and my chiton.’
    • ‘Buenos Aires on the River Plate became a major Atlantic port, outlet for Peru's silver and for its own hides and salt beef.’
    • ‘We had Rice and Beans with salt beef in it, barbecued chicken, and macaroni and cheese… excellent!’
    • ‘Pellerin says that while some salt dust is always floating in the mine's air, the salt air is dry, so it doesn't corrode equipment any faster than normal.’
    • ‘Whether you're sniffing the olive trees ashore or the salt spray on the water, the very air reeks of history.’
    • ‘She was constantly exposed to salt water and salt spray and when at sea she was drenched more often than she was dry.’
    • ‘North past County Line and the smells are heavy salt air and sometimes a little blowing dirt.’
    • ‘As she stepped out into the air, the salt air hit her and she inhaled deeply in its essence.’
    • ‘All iron swords, mail axes and things would be in sealed and greased barrels below deck to try to stop them from rusting in the salt air.’
    • ‘She closed her eyes, smelling the salt sea air, feeling the wind in her hair; William watched her and sighed.’
    • ‘Fish born in the river swim downstream to the salt waters of the North Pacific.’
    • ‘Pamela waited, breathing in the salt air, gazing up at the brilliance above.’
    • ‘Mediaeval monks were aware of the benefits of salt mud and concentrated sea water and used them to treat rheumatism, dropsy and obesity.’
    • ‘During the wintertime, sponge off salt stains with clear water.’
    • ‘Enjoy the warmth from your suite's fireplace, open your balcony doors to the salt air, and scan the neighboring red cedars for bald eagles.’
    • ‘He took in the cooling salt air and paused to listen to a gull's cry past a hedge of trees.’
    • ‘It is also treated with inorganic salt solutions which slow down the combustion.’
    • ‘My doctor has ordered me to take the salt air at Brighton for a few days.’
    • ‘They were in a cluster of warehouses, and the smell of salt air told him the docks were nearby.’
    • ‘She smelled the salt air and glanced along the lush hills of the glorious Emerald Isles.’
    salty, salted, saline, briny, brackish
    View synonyms
  • 2(of a plant) growing on the coast or in salt marshes:

    ‘the region is rich in salt plant communities and reed beds’
    • ‘In other places, especially where the terrain is slightly elevated or the bedrock was exposed, a salt shrub and grass community is found.’
    • ‘The farmer ripped and mounded by tractor through the patchy salt grasses, then brought lots of spoilt bales of straw down to be rolled out over the really squidgey bit.’
    • ‘There were about thirty tunnels in the mound complex, some as deep as three feet underground and snaking among the tough roots of the salt plants.’
    • ‘In looking for ways to get rid of the salt hay, or at the very least control its further spread, the CHRA discovered a potential market for it.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1usually as adjective saltedSeason or preserve with salt:

    ‘cook the carrots in boiling salted water’
    • ‘We met some real Chicago natives and they showed us their techniques for eating salted peanuts whole in the shell.’
    • ‘Melt together 70g of salted butter and 50g honey in a small saucepan, and pour this into your dough.’
    • ‘Stay away from candied or heavily salted nuts, and opt for raw nuts such as those by Planters.’
    • ‘I was about to bake them with just a little sugar, when I saw a little box of salted butter caramels on the counter, a souvenir from Brittany, and thought I would use a few to sweeten the fruit instead.’
    • ‘The standard accompaniment to salted beef or pork was either mustard or a similar condiment made from the seeds of the rocket plant, Eruca sativa.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, stir-fry garlic until it smells fragrant, add in salted soya beans, stir well.’
    • ‘When you go to the cinema, do you have sweet or salted popcorn?’
    • ‘The plain, salted pretzels weren't ready, but ones stuffed with either cheese or apple cinnamon were available.’
    • ‘These boats were loaded with all kinds of goods, from eggs to veggies and, of course, salted bacon and hams.’
    • ‘Sausage is from the Latin salsus (salted): the Romans made sausages of salted meat to eat during the winter months.’
    • ‘Their menu varies from the noodle section to the usual rice dishes, offering Laksa Singapore to salted fish and fried rice.’
    • ‘Properly dried and salted codfish would keep for long periods, an important consideration before refrigeration.’
    • ‘A quarter-cup of roasted and salted sunflower seeds contains 200 calories, more than 200 mg of salt and 17 g total fat.’
    • ‘I was given a packet of salted almonds on the airplane.’
    • ‘On bronze and copper platters were meats of every kind - honey-roast chicken, minted lamb, rabbit stew in black pots, salted pork, sliced ham and even a suckling pig.’
    • ‘Oysters are most often served in the shell on a bed of crushed ice - although some purists argue that this dulls their flavor - with thin slices of rye bread, salted butter, and lemon juice.’
    • ‘In the past, we ate far more salted and preserved foods; today, with the advent of fridges, we eat more fresh food.’
    • ‘She wrapped one of the loaves of bread she had baked that morning in some brown paper, along with a little salted meat.’
    • ‘I doubled the quantity of garlic, added about a teaspoon of hot pepper flakes, and topped the dish with some ground dry-roasted salted peanuts.’
    • ‘Nothing beats a well salted slice of cucumber on a hot day.’
    1. 1.1 Make (something) piquant or more interesting:
      ‘there was good talk to salt the occasion’
      • ‘But it's richly salted with fascinating cultural lore, and an engaging read whether you're a carrot-top or not.’
      • ‘The speech was liberally salted with the standard Lathamite insults from Werriwa College of Invective.’
      • ‘His work is salted with slogans and phrases in capital letters.’
      • ‘I'm not sure whether satire shouldn't get its own category; but then, most great political works are salted with satire.’
      • ‘The book is salted with introspective passages that document the author's increasingly obsessive antiwar bias.’
  • 2Sprinkle (a road or path) with salt in order to melt snow or ice:

    ‘local authorities worked to improve travel conditions by gritting and salting roads’
    • ‘Teams from May Gurney were out again salting major roads at about 4am today and during the morning were out clearing town centre footways and salting secondary roads.’
    • ‘In that case the context was a very different one, namely the failure of an authority to salt or grit the road when there had been a weather forecast of freezing conditions.’
    • ‘We drove out over the ice-rink of a lane from the house and onto the main road, which had been salted and was clear apart from a thin layer of sludge and the occasional patch of ice.’
    • ‘There was no snow falling, there was none on the ground, and there was only a little bit of ice on the roads that hadn't been salted yet.’
    • ‘But, after the Hopgrove roundabout, the roads have all been wet as a result of being salted.’
    • ‘Pembrokeshire County Council had 14 gritting lorries on continuous patrol to salt the roads.’
    • ‘However, these stretches of road are thoroughly salted to clear the snow and make them safe for road users.’
    • ‘The city authorities had to call for help from the truck owners to give them a hand in pouring sand and salting the frozen and slippery avenues of Tehran.’
    • ‘The snow was up to the tires and the salt truck had not come by to salt the roads.’
    • ‘The city seems to wait a week to see if the ice will melt before salting the roads.’
    • ‘The recent frosty spell led to a deterioration of the surface of some routes after Kildare County Council staff salted them.’
    • ‘Over the course of the week Local Authorities worked around the clock to improve travel conditions by gritting and salting roads in urban areas.’
    • ‘We salt the roads to prevent ice and snow from sticking to road surface.’
    • ‘The reason we gritted yesterday afternoon is that it is better to salt the roads before the snow falls.’
  • 3informal Fraudulently make (a mine) appear to be a paying one by placing rich ore into it:

    ‘I shall want to see some evidence that there really is a seam—no salting it, no faking’
    • ‘Phillip Arnold and John Slack salted a mine under claim to Stanton in Wyoming with uncut diamonds from South Africa.’
  • 4as adjective salted(of a horse) having developed a resistance to disease by surviving it.

    • ‘To determine this I inoculated a "salted" horse, which had also had repeated large injections of virulent blood, with 50 c.c. of fresh blood. ...’
    • ‘It is what is termed in the South African colonies a "salted horse," or one which has shown itself impervious to the attacks of the tsetse fly.’

Phrases

  • rub salt into the (or someone's) wound

    • Make a painful experience even more painful for someone:

      ‘Boro rubbed salt into the wound by scoring with their first attempt’
      • ‘Hughes rubbed salt into the wound for North End by scoring the resulting penalty.’
      • ‘The programme is terminated after six months and to rub salt into the wound these interns are then not considered when the positions are available.’
      • ‘Maidenhead rubbed salt into the wound, leap-frogging Carshalton after winning their third consecutive game.’
      • ‘Flutey's kicking nightmare continued as he fluffed the conversion and Hodgson slotted another three points on the stroke of half-time to rub salt into the wound.’
      • ‘He's done it a thousand times and you come off second best, looking for somewhere to crawl to while he rubs salt into the wound and others in the audience roll about laughing at your discomfort.’
      • ‘To rub salt into the wound the referee blew the final whistle as Ilkley kicked-off.’
      • ‘Unions today accused cash-strapped Southampton hospital bosses of rubbing salt into the wound after advertising for a new personnel director - with a salary of up to £95,000.’
      • ‘Bereavement always enhances associational sensitivity and by doing so rubs salt into the wound.’
      • ‘The shot went wide and Michael O'Leary rubbed salt into the wound by doubling his sides advantage almost immediately.’
      • ‘Just to rub salt into the wound, the Judge also ordered that the mother can only visit the children if supervised by a court appointed representative, and that the cost of this would be over $1, 000 a day to the mother.’
  • the salt of the earth

    • A person or group of people of great kindness, reliability, or honesty:

      ‘your old man was the salt of the earth’
      • ‘They were good lads, the salt of the earth, yet I can't remember any of their names.’
      • ‘There is always more to learn, and like vegetable growers, flower growers are the salt of the earth, always willing to share what they know.’
      • ‘He is an exceptional young man - the salt of the earth - and at his age he is already showing a lot of leadership.’
      • ‘I grew up in a small Australian country town and I have since then seen quite a bit of country people both in Australia and the USA and I have no hesitation in saying that to my mind country people are the salt of the earth.’
      • ‘John was the salt of the earth and a very sociable animal, well known in the Old Oak and Mill Tavern.’
      • ‘I have nothing but respect for lower league fans - they are the salt of the earth as far as football support is concerned.’
      • ‘Life in Salford was rough, though the people were marvellous, the salt of the earth.’
      • ‘Perennially cheerful, Vera is the salt of the earth.’
      • ‘It was a fantastic night, the staff were so nice and the other punters were the salt of the earth.’
      • ‘He was the salt of the earth, a man who was very obliging and very quiet.’
  • sit below the salt

    • Be of lower social standing or worth:

      ‘paperback publishers used to be considered people who sat below the salt’
      • ‘The "salt" was passed from here up the table, and if you sat below the salt you were not only "not worth your salt" but you didn't get any.’
      • ‘At dinner, important people were seated ‘above the salt’, servants and low ranking individuals sat ‘below the salt’.’
  • take something with a pinch (or grain) of salt

    • Regard something as exaggerated; believe only part of something:

      ‘I take anything he says with a large pinch of salt’
      • ‘For the moment I am taking this report with a grain of salt, since previous sightings of Iranian infiltrators have often been proven inaccurate later on.’
      • ‘The next time someone says one bullet is vastly superior to another in regards to wind deflection, take their advice with a grain of salt and check for yourself.’
      • ‘That is the thing about overall stats like this, you have to take them with a grain of salt.’
      • ‘I'm on the other side of the fence, and I've been critical of some of you lately, so I'll understand if you take my advice with a grain of salt.’
      • ‘An AIB spokesman rejected the claim it was ripping off customers and said it took the report with a pinch of salt as it did not believe true like-for-like comparisons were made.’
      • ‘Since I had no recourse to take this route, I took the stories with a pinch of salt and never checked them out.’
      • ‘Not that I know what the proper remedy is, other than to teach students to be more aware and science-literate by the time they finish high school, so can they take simple headlines with a grain of salt.’
      • ‘Labour could have done this when they were office. We should take their comments with a pinch of salt.’
      • ‘Many personnel believe that no matter what they have to say, it will be taken with a grain of salt.’
      • ‘I took the knocking with a pinch of salt even though in many cases the awful truth, which can hurt, is revealed for all the world to see.’
      disbelieve, not believe, not credit, give no credence to, discredit, discount, doubt, distrust, mistrust, be suspicious of, have no confidence in, have no faith in, be incredulous of, be unconvinced about
      not accept, reject, repudiate, question, challenge, contradict
      with reservations, with misgivings, with a grain of salt, sceptically, cynically, mistrustfully, doubtfully, doubtingly, suspiciously, disbelievingly, questioningly, quizzically, incredulously
      View synonyms
  • worth one's salt

    • Good or competent at the job or profession specified:

      ‘any astrologer worth her salt would have predicted this’
      • ‘Personal trainers that are worth their salt, can spot poor alignment, correct it and make sure that you are doing the exercise properly.’
      • ‘Any childminder worth their salt should provide an excellent environment for children of any age.’
      • ‘Like most musicians worth their salt, Phelps enjoys recording but his true love can be found playing live.’
      • ‘They further argue that no professional worth his salt would want to do other extra-curricular activity that somewhat demean him or her in some foreign land if he or she has the option of comfortably making ends meet at home.’
      • ‘Any scientist worth their salt will point out many ways in which their theories can be proven wrong.’
      • ‘Let's see if you are really worth your salt as a politician.’
      • ‘Any nutritionist worth their salt would point you in the direction of the meal with high fiber, protein, and natural ingredients.’
      • ‘The argument that their active lives, and so income, are short, is nonsense, for any sportsperson worth their salt can carve a very good living from coaching, promotional and communications work.’
      • ‘Forget a lazy few hours of relaxing and leafing your way leisurely through the papers - any parent worth their salt will be filling every second of their family life with enriching, life-enhancing activities.’
      • ‘But, as any proselytiser of right-wing economics worth their salt will tell you, free trade agreements don't work, either ideologically or practically.’
  • put salt on the tail of

    • Capture (with reference to humorous instructions given to children for catching a bird).

      • ‘To understand the significance of due process of law is to try to put salt on the tail of "principles" and to avoid getting enmeshed in "details".’
      • ‘The band uses effects to sprinkle salt on the tail of a sonic event and grab on to it for emphasis or further contemplation.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • salt something away

    • Secretly store or put by something, especially money:

      ‘they salted the money away in numbered bank accounts around the world’
      • ‘Maggie, tell me about more of the iceberg, because it's easy to imagine that the money would be salted away in gold bouillon or somewhere exotic, piles of cash sitting in some vault somewhere.’
      • ‘He told the court: ‘He has carefully salted this money away in safe places, in safe investments and property.’’
      • ‘As I have said I am satisfied it is salted away, therefore in his case, I make a Confiscation Order of the lesser of the two sums, that is the benefit figure, £139, 260 with a three year term imprisonment in default.’
      • ‘He said she was rather tight-fisted with hers preferring to salt it away in a savings account and he felt lumbered with paying for most of the household bills as well as the fun things in life like holidays and meals out.’
      • ‘The real truth about the surplus - and what the Government is not telling the people - is that Michael Cullen has no idea where it came from and he is salting it away for a rainy day.’
      • ‘They weren't expecting it after all so they may as well pretend they're not getting it and salt it away for their child's future.’
      • ‘In many countries resources and funds have been salted away by corrupt governments with the result that vital medical and educational programmes are unable to cope or have ceased functioning altogether.’
      save, put aside, put away, put by, lay by, set aside, lay aside, put to one side, reserve, keep in reserve, deposit, keep, store, stockpile, hoard, stow away, cache
      squirrel away, stash away
      View synonyms
  • salt something out

    • 1Cause soap to separate from lye by adding salt.

      • ‘After adding stronger lye, the mixture is boiled until a sample becomes firm on cooling; the soap is then "salted out", i. e., common salt or concentrated brine is added, in which the soap is insoluble.’
      1. 1.1Cause an organic compound to separate from an aqueous solution by adding an electrolyte:
        ‘the potassium carbonate salts out the otherwise water-soluble nitrile as a separate upper layer’
        • ‘Polymers such as poly(ethylene oxide) or poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) that are salted out by electrolytes usually show an inverse temperature solubility.’
        • ‘Determinations carried out on some dileucine hydrochloride which had been salted out with NaCl showed that the NaCl in the preparation was there as a result of adhering mother liquor and therefore not in chemical combination.’

Origin

Old English sealt (noun), sealtan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zout and German Salz (nouns), from an Indo-European root shared by Latin sal, Greek hals salt.

Pronunciation:

salt

/sɒlt//sɔːlt/

Definition of SALT in English:

SALT

Pronunciation: /sɒlt//sɔːlt/

  • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.

Pronunciation:

SALT

/sɔːlt//sɒlt/