Definition of salmonella in English:

salmonella

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A bacterium that occurs mainly in the gut, especially a serotype causing food poisoning:

    ‘salmonella was found in the swabs’
    [as modifier] ‘salmonella poisoning’
    [count noun] ‘some strains of salmonellae have a heat-labile envelope’
    • ‘Droppings carry potentially dangerous bacteria like listeria and salmonella that can cause a range of illnesses including meningitis.’
    • ‘Bacilli and salmonellae were also found to be sensitive to dicyclomine.’
    • ‘Results of infection by common bacteria such as salmonella, campylobacter and listeria can include vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhoea, or even death.’
    • ‘Large bone infarcts may become secondarily infected with various bacteria, including salmonellae, resulting in osteomyelitis.’
    • ‘It is possible for cold spots to harbor harmful bacteria such as salmonella, which is a particular concern for baby bottles.’
    1. 1.1 Food poisoning caused by infection with the salmonella bacterium:
      ‘an outbreak of salmonella’
      • ‘However, a series of crises in farming including BSE, salmonella, swine fever and now foot and mouth, have resulted in millions of animals being destroyed.’
      • ‘Brian Henson, 35, pleaded guilty to 14 counts of breaking food safety regulations, leading to an outbreak of salmonella at The Bacon Joint, in Bolton.’
      • ‘According to the CSPI, in recent years there have been several outbreaks of both salmonella and E. coli caused by non-pasteurized juices.’
      • ‘Inadequate hand hygiene also contributes to food-related illnesses, such as salmonella and E. coli infection.’
      • ‘Human waste is likely to result in such diseases as e-coli and salmonella and increase the rat population in these areas.’

Origin

Modern Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), American veterinary surgeon.

Pronunciation:

salmonella

/ˌsalməˈnɛlə/