Definition of salmonella in English:

salmonella

noun

mass noun
  • 1A bacterium that occurs mainly in the gut, especially a serotype causing food poisoning.

    ‘salmonella was found in the swabs’
    as modifier ‘salmonella poisoning’
    count noun ‘some strains of salmonellae have a heat-labile envelope’
    • ‘Droppings carry potentially dangerous bacteria like listeria and salmonella that can cause a range of illnesses including meningitis.’
    • ‘Results of infection by common bacteria such as salmonella, campylobacter and listeria can include vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhoea, or even death.’
    • ‘Large bone infarcts may become secondarily infected with various bacteria, including salmonellae, resulting in osteomyelitis.’
    • ‘It is possible for cold spots to harbor harmful bacteria such as salmonella, which is a particular concern for baby bottles.’
    • ‘Bacilli and salmonellae were also found to be sensitive to dicyclomine.’
    1. 1.1 Food poisoning caused by infection with the salmonella bacterium.
      ‘an outbreak of salmonella’
      • ‘Human waste is likely to result in such diseases as e-coli and salmonella and increase the rat population in these areas.’
      • ‘However, a series of crises in farming including BSE, salmonella, swine fever and now foot and mouth, have resulted in millions of animals being destroyed.’
      • ‘Inadequate hand hygiene also contributes to food-related illnesses, such as salmonella and E. coli infection.’
      • ‘According to the CSPI, in recent years there have been several outbreaks of both salmonella and E. coli caused by non-pasteurized juices.’
      • ‘Brian Henson, 35, pleaded guilty to 14 counts of breaking food safety regulations, leading to an outbreak of salmonella at The Bacon Joint, in Bolton.’

Origin

Modern Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), American veterinary surgeon.

Pronunciation

salmonella

/ˌsalməˈnɛlə/