Definition of salmon in English:



  • 1A large edible fish that is a popular sporting fish, much prized for its pink flesh. Salmon mature in the sea but migrate to freshwater streams to spawn.

    Family Salmonidae (the salmon family): the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), which sometimes returns to spawn two or three times, and five species of Pacific salmon (genus Oncorhynchus), which always die after spawning. The salmon family also includes trout, charr, whitefish, and their relatives

    • ‘Anadromous salmon migrate into this river in July and August to spawn during October and November.’
    • ‘It is hoped work will be completed in time for the autumn run of sea trout and salmon, who will for the first time be able to make their way to the productive spawning grounds in the upper reaches of the Yarrow.’
    • ‘Many say that the lough was never so quiet, fewer and fewer anglers fishing for the past two or three weeks, and the ones who are out are mainly anglers trolling for either big Ferox trout or salmon.’
    • ‘Once the adult salmon have re-entered freshwater, they do not feed.’
    • ‘Fish passes work like ladders, allowing the migrating sea trout and salmon to leap from one stage to the next over the weirs, which can be as high as five metres.’
    • ‘Anyone aged 12 or over who fishes for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England or Wales must have an Environment Agency rod fishing licence.’
    • ‘Choosing a classic spate river on a Hebridean island in mid-September would normally provide a pretty good chance of rain, a run of sea trout and salmon.’
    • ‘Both salmon and trout grow faster in deep, low-velocity pools than in shallow, high-velocity riffles.’
    • ‘Young Atlantic salmon in streams eat mainly the larvae of aquatic insects such as blackflies, stoneflies, caddisflies, and chironomids.’
    • ‘Mature salmon and trout were taken from the Shimna last autumn to a state-of-the-art hatchery in Bushmills, Co.’
    • ‘The Hoddom stretch of the River Annan is fast becoming one of my favourite places to fish for sea trout and salmon.’
    • ‘A few of the marine species that return to freshwater to spawn include sea lamprey, Atlantic sturgeon, alewife, Atlantic salmon, and American eel.’
    • ‘Little commercial fishing continues for wild Atlantic salmon, a fish that has experienced a dramatic collapse over the past two decades and may be in serious danger of extinction.’
    • ‘Nets would have also been used to net off sections of rivers or even complete rivers to trap migratory fish such as salmon, trout and sea trout.’
    • ‘In the twentieth century, cod, striped bass, tuna, and marlin were the principal commercial fish, while anglers prized eastern trout and Atlantic salmon.’
    • ‘Their aim is to create environmentally sustainable farming practices that are compatible with the protection of migratory runs of wild salmon and sea trout.’
    • ‘The proposal to add 18 inches to the dam could help rehabilitate the salmon fish stocks by artificially inducing the returning salmon to spawn.’
    • ‘But environmentalists claim pollution from cod farms could endanger already depleted Atlantic salmon and sea trout populations.’
    • ‘Grilse salmon and sea trout spawn in Miller Beck along with brown trout, and enter it from the River Leven after swimming in from Morecambe Bay.’
    • ‘In the past the name game fishing was given to describe the taking of trout, sea trout and salmon by fly fishing.’
    1. 1.1mass noun The flesh of the salmon as food.
      • ‘Other foods such as salmon, sardines, white beans, tofu and collard greens also contain significant amounts of calcium.’
      • ‘So I urge you to eat omega - 3-rich foods like salmon and mackerel several times a week.’
      • ‘Oily fish such as herring, kippers, mackerel, pilchards, salmon, sardines and trout, contain oils that can lessen the risk of thrombosis.’
      • ‘For Ann, the lemon and coriander poached salmon, dill, crème fraiche and cucumber ribbons open sandwich couldn't be bettered.’
      • ‘Fish is most beneficial for the body when it comes in an oily form such as mackerel, trout or salmon.’
      • ‘Just grab a can of tuna or salmon, two whole-wheat pitas, your bottle of low-fat salad dressing, and a can opener, and throw them in a lunch bag.’
      • ‘Sources of DHA include salmon, halibut, mackerel, sardines and herring.’
      • ‘The salmon with pink grapefruit hollandaise is another combination that works really well.’
      • ‘The American Heart Association suggests the healthy people eat at least two weekly servings of fish, such as salmon, lake trout or albacore tuna.’
      • ‘One of the more popular starters is the seafood platter, which holds mussels, smoked salmon, oysters, taramasalata and smoked mackerel.’
      • ‘Lee emphasizes unsaturated fats contained in olive oil, avocados, nuts, seeds, salmon and mackerel.’
      • ‘The selection of pastas includes Angel Hair pasta with salmon, lemon and pecorino cheese.’
      • ‘For a main course I ordered a kedgeree of salmon and haddock with curry butter.’
      • ‘It was indeed a delicious meeting of pieces of halibut, cod, salmon, prawns and mussels in a creamy sauce.’
      • ‘Vitamin D is also in such foods as salmon and egg yolks.’
      • ‘Drizzle some oil from fennel over salmon and sprinkle with sea salt.’
      • ‘The Omega 3 fatty acids found in oily fish such as mackerel, herring, sardines, tuna and salmon will also thin the blood and help prevent blood clots.’
      • ‘Starters include prawns, oysters, crab-sticks, salmon and cold cuts, plus salads and various sauces.’
      • ‘For a couple of bucks more, you can personalize your dish from a list of extras such as sausages, mussels, salmon, shrimp or provolone.’
      • ‘Place the foie gras, salmon, and red mullet in the olive oil mixture until the fish is cooked, about six to eight minutes.’
  • 2usually with modifier Any of a number of fishes resembling the salmon.

    a prized food fish of the drum family (Sciaenidae), in particular the Cape salmon of the Indian Ocean (Atractoscion aequidens) and sea trouts of the western Atlantic (genus Cynoscion).

    ('Australian salmon') a large green and silver fish of Australasian inshore waters, popular as a game fish (Arripis trutta, family Arripidae).

    • ‘The best fish to use is Cape salmon (gelbeck) and cod (hyabeljou), but smock or other firm-fleshed fish may also be used.’
    • ‘Depending on the time of year and the movements of the fish in False Bay, we fish where we know the fish will be feeding. Inshore fishing trips predominantly target yellowtail and cape snoek. Cape salmon, kob and various species of reef fish are also caught.’
  • 3mass noun A pale pink colour.

    as modifier ‘cotton checked throw in cream and salmon pink’
    ‘ceanothus-clad walls of salmon brick’
    • ‘T. majus flowers come in yellow, orange, red, copper, salmon, and pink and can be single or double.’
    • ‘In Florida, a Cuban palette of pastels, flamingo pink, and salmon dominates fashion as well as exterior and interior design.’
    • ‘Flower colors are gorgeous pastels of salmon, yellow and orange.’
    • ‘Also, tropical hibiscus can have blossoms of salmon, orange, yellow, or peach with double flowers.’
    • ‘Red, white, salmon, orange, and white are among some of this poppy's brilliant colors.’
    • ‘These have double flowers and come in many colors, including rich-yellow, dark-red, orange, salmon, and white.’
    • ‘A living room or sitting room with salmon walls will seem cozy without inciting claustrophobia.’
    • ‘Blooms come in yellow, orange, salmon, rose, pink, cream, and white.’
    • ‘Impatiens come in an amazing array of colors from coral, orange, and salmon to burgundy, red, pink, purple, and white and every shade in between.’
    • ‘The open-plan living room has been decorated in warm shades of cream, green, beige, turquoise and salmon, with grass-effect rugs.’


Middle English samoun, from Anglo-Norman French saumoun, from Latin salmo, salmon-. The spelling with -l- is influenced by Latin.