Definition of sacral in English:

sacral

adjective

  • 1Relating to sacred rites or symbols:

    ‘sacral horns of a Minoan type’
    • ‘Internal space was organized around the fireplace below the roof opening, and a richly engraved central column played both a functional and a sacral role.’
    • ‘The Orthodox Church's willingness to enlist the state on its behalf, and in turn to offer sacral endorsement of the state's policies, has deep psychological and historical roots.’
    • ‘Ritual caches across ancient Mesoamerica mapped out orderly cosmic space: the ritual deposits of the Aztec and Maya alike often involved the placement of sacral objects in square arrangements.’
    • ‘Once the town and surrounding villages had been cleansed of non-Catholics, non-Catholic sacral sites and other areas associated with Serb or Ottoman culture were destroyed.’
    • ‘Unlike their secular brethren, they claim, in theory at least, to treat as sacral the assumptions of their sacred texts.’
    • ‘These improvised sacred symbols place the trees and the entire local biotic community at the center of the sacral yearning that has brought us here.’
    • ‘The danger could never finally be set aside because it lies in the nature of Christianity itself, in the eternal tension between its temporal and its sacral self-interpretation.’
    • ‘While Christendom in its nominal sacral form has been dying in Western Europe there has been a widespread increase of believers in Latin America, sub Saharan Africa and much of Asia.’
    • ‘One of these phenomena is the redefinition of the authority of sacral status in terms of professional expertise.’
    • ‘I do think that sacral aura of science, and its priesthood of scientists, has faded as the ultimate authority in our lives.’
    • ‘This concept of the position of the ruler in the cosmic scheme springs from ancient Chinese ideals of sacral kingship and the correspondence between the human realm and the cosmos as symbolized by the mingtang.’
    • ‘‘For the tribe, wine had important and sacral meaning and its technology of production was not revealed since it was very sacred,’ Ovcharov said.’
    • ‘Yet that those gods whose inevitable death Walcott laments have lost their sacral force is not at all a foregone conclusion.’
    • ‘Both groups have persisted in open defiance of international efforts to encourage the return of those expelled and the reconstruction of their sacral heritage.’
    • ‘The icon is taken as an object symbolizing the presence of God; the money thus gains the significance of a sacral object as well.’
    • ‘From the social functions of the elite, which many people follow in the popular press, to the promotion of public causes, to royal weddings, the monarchy's representatives lend an almost sacral quality to public life.’
    • ‘Holy Fire is not a sacral rite, but a sectarian battle standard and, as she earnestly tries to prove, a fraud.’
    • ‘During dinner the branch is set in the middle of the round loaf, symbolising the sacral centre of the home and the universe.’
    • ‘Serb religious mythology, then, was robust both in the interweaving of its literary themes and in the interrelated and thorough ideology of sacral architecture.’
    • ‘Such a panel, miniscule compared to the surrounding murals, would have played a sacral role: it promised salvation through the Redeemer despite the banishment of Adam and Eve.’
  • 2Anatomy
    Relating to the sacrum:

    ‘the first and second sacral vertebrae’
    • ‘The pelvic nerves emanate from the roots of the second through fourth sacral segments of the spinal cord.’
    • ‘It then forms an S-curve in the pelvis and terminates in the rectum at the level of the third segment of the sacral vertebrae.’
    • ‘The lumbosacral plexus is formed by the union of the anterior primary divisions of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerves.’
    • ‘Anterior slippage of the fifth lumbar vertebra on the sacral base can be identified in lateral views.’
    • ‘Occasionally, a half-vertebra is found in the thoracic and lumbar regions and very rarely in cervical and sacral vertebrae.’
    • ‘Soft tissue ependymoma may develop posterior to the sacrum and coccyx or anterior to the sacral region.’
    • ‘The present study demonstrated that commonly labeled neurons of spinal cord were found in thoracic, lumbar and sacral spinal segments.’
    • ‘Typically they overlie pressure areas, including elbows, fingers, and Achilles, ischial, and sacral prominences.’
    • ‘An MRI exam of the pelvis performed 1 month after the computed tomography exam showed the mass to be invading the lowest sacral neural foramina on the left side.’
    • ‘The mass involved the sacrum, infiltrated the sacral foramina, obscured sacral nerve roots, extended into the pelvis, and displaced the uterus and rectum.’
    • ‘The generator powers a lead that typically is placed through the sacral foramen to stimulate the S3 sacral nerve to decrease detrusor muscle contractions.’
    • ‘A small surgical opening is made over the sacrum and a lead is placed near the sacral nerve that influences bladder control.’
    • ‘In the pelvis, the sacral component innervates the bladder and rectum, where it mediates voiding.’
    • ‘This section passes through the fourth sacral vertebra and sacral hiatus and the os ilium at the sciatic notch.’
    • ‘You should not be able to feel the sacral vertebrae between the hip bones.’

Pronunciation:

sacral

/ˈseɪkr(ə)l/