One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A kind of simple shoe, shaped and hollowed out from a single block of wood, traditionally worn by French and Breton peasants.
wooden shoe, wooden-soled shoeView synonyms
- ‘Women in Brittany, of course, all wear sabots, you understand.’
- ‘This pair of wooden sabots featured in the Shoe and Leather Fair, Islington, 1895 and the Bethnal Green Museum Shoe Exhibition, London, England in 1897.’
- ‘He said they were called sabots, or klompens - and were the root of the word sabotage - when Dutch militant workers had thrown them into the gears to stop factory production as protest over something.’
- ‘In an old Flemish custom, Christmas gifts were brought in sabots, or wooden shoes.’
- ‘During the First World War it housed Belgian refugees, who made sabot clogs in the workshop of Arthur Simpson, renowned furniture designer and wood-carver.’
2A device which ensures the correct positioning of a bullet or shell in the barrel of a gun, attached either to the projectile or inside the barrel and falling away as it leaves the muzzle.
- ‘The slug weighs 1 1/4 ounces, and fits into a very clever one-piece combination wad and sabot that encloses the base of the slug.’
- ‘The 12-gauge .50-caliber slug weighs in at 385 grains and is nestled in a sabot.’
- ‘Modern guns will use a sabot or a pistol bullet, which come pre-packaged.’
- ‘The sabot allows a lighter flight projectile which can be flown to greater ranges than could the M830.’
- ‘The gun fires separate loading projectiles which have semi-combustible cartridge case and sabot.’
- ‘The Platinum Tip bullet also will be offered in a muzzleloading component, as a 260-grain bullet packaged with a sabot.’
- ‘Again, the idea is to search downrange, picking up spent sabots.’
- ‘In subsonic slug loads, Metro Gun Systems offers a special Hastings 1 1/4-ounce sabot slug that has performed admirably on deer.’
- ‘The sabot's guiding shards could be seen flying off to either side as the dense, narrow core went on to find its mark.’
- ‘The shells were held in the centre of the barrel by sabots arranged around their circumference, which fell away after the missile left the barrel.’
- ‘In order to transmit the energy from the charge to the sub-calibre projectile a sabot is needed, which acts as a ‘sling’ either to drive an armour-piercing core harder, or to throw a sub-calibre projectile further.’
- ‘For the biggest game, I still tend toward heavy lead missiles; jacketed pistol-type projectiles in sabots have also proved reliable on big game.’
3A box from which cards are dealt at casinos in gambling games such as baccarat and chemin de fer.Also called shoe
- ‘The croupier took two cards from the sabot.’
- ‘After the players have placed their bets, the dealer picks out three cards from the sabot putting them before him.’
Early 17th century: French, blend of savate ‘shoe’ and botte ‘boot’.
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