Definition of rupture in English:

rupture

verb

  • 1[no object] (especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or membrane) break or burst suddenly:

    ‘if the main artery ruptures he could die’
    • ‘The six-inch diameter pipe ruptured, releasing a huge cloud containing around 90 per cent ethane, propane and butane gases.’
    • ‘Then at 31 weeks into her seventh pregnancy (already complicated by placenta praevia) her membranes ruptured and premature labour ensued.’
    • ‘The mitochondria gradually swells, and eventually the outer membrane ruptures, releasing caspase-activating proteins into the cytosol. [10,32]’
    • ‘The streets were flooded after water pipes ruptured.’
    • ‘His college campus was evacuated after a gas pipe ruptured and sent lethal fumes through the building.’
    • ‘This is known as an ectopic pregnancy, which most commonly occurs in the Fallopian tube and can sometimes, if the pregnancy grows, result in the tube rupturing and causing internal bleeding.’
    • ‘Swabbing a specimen should only be performed if the tympanic membrane has ruptured.’
    • ‘If this happens the tube may rupture, causing further symptoms.’
    • ‘The investigation concluded that there were two major explosions, the first when the pipeline ruptured and exploded and the second when the gas was ignited after a delay of 24 seconds.’
    • ‘Eventually the membranes rupture, and the plant cells die.’
    • ‘Their cell membranes rupture and the released hemoglobin is phagocytized by reticuloendothelial cells throughout the body.’
    • ‘At very high concentrations of poly-L-lysine and a large number of attached cells, the membranes rupture due to the adhesion-induced tension.’
    • ‘Your child's doctor may also recommend using pain-relieving ear drops, as long as the eardrum hasn't ruptured.’
    • ‘Her lungs had been crushed, her left clavicle and ribs were fractured, vital organs had ruptured.’
    • ‘The accident occurred after a pipe ruptured, releasing flammable gasses that led to a series of explosions.’
    • ‘Amniotomy was performed if membranes did not rupture within 24 hours.’
    • ‘As the side of the wakeboarder's face hits the water, a column of air is forced into the external auditory ear canal and the tympanic membrane ruptures.’
    • ‘In portal hypertensive gastropathy, the mucosa is friable and bleeding occurs when the ectatic vessels rupture and manifest as mucosal oozing.’
    • ‘These acne cysts can rupture, spreading the infection into nearby skin tissue.’
    • ‘Very rarely, an enlarged spleen can rupture, which may require urgent surgery.’
    break, fracture, crack
    break, fracture, crack, breach
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    1. 1.1[with object] Cause to break or burst suddenly:
      ‘the impact ruptured both fuel tanks’
      • ‘On Saturday the vessel ran aground on ‘uncharted rocks’, rupturing her forward fuel tank and forcing the 153 passengers aboard to abandon ship.’
      • ‘Too much pressure can rupture the catheter or force a clot into the blood stream.’
      • ‘He had obviously broken an oil canister or possibly ruptured a fuel line.’
      • ‘In the Oct 26 crash, a dozen cars derailed, rupturing a fuel tank and spilling 4,300 gallons of diesel onto the bank and into Cow Creek about 17 miles west of Riddle.’
      • ‘The impact ruptured a hole in the tank, sparking a fire and leak.’
      • ‘The impact crushed the rear of the sports car, rupturing its fuel tank and igniting the fuel that was spilling from it.’
      • ‘Ford engineers discovered in preproduction crash tests that rear-end collisions would rupture the Pinto's fuel system extremely easily.’
      • ‘The plasma bolt sailed through the air and connected with one of the power cylinders, rupturing the tanks and sending power in every direction.’
      • ‘And, as if the moment couldn't turn any more unfortunate, one of these shadow spikes struck the car's fuel tank, rupturing it and causing the yellow cab to explode into shrapnel and into flames.’
      • ‘Huge oil tanks were ruptured by the force of the waves and they spewed their contents into the streets and into a fresh water lake used by Barrow for water ’.’
      • ‘A burst tire is believed to have ruptured a fuel tank, causing the fiery crash.’
      • ‘The spill occurred after a dozen cars derailed Tuesday afternoon, rupturing a fuel tank and spilling 4,300 gallons of diesel onto the bank and into Cow Creek.’
      • ‘In January of 1999 a truck was going uphill, slid into the ditch, rolled over on its side, and ruptured a fuel tank.’
      • ‘Shortly afterwards they were forced to abandon their vehicle when the fuel line was apparently ruptured.’
      • ‘As she swerved to avoid them, the car hit other rocks thrown into the road which ruptured the car's oil tank.’
      • ‘This problem led the British to introduce the tank in 1916 as a means of rupturing the enemy's defense for exploitation by reserve forces.’
      • ‘Another jagged block had hooked an engine, tearing it from the wing, rupturing the wing's fuel tank and spinning the entire plane around.’
    2. 1.2be ruptured" or "rupture oneself Suffer an abdominal hernia:
      ‘one of the boys was ruptured and needed to be fitted with a truss’
      • ‘They almost ruptured themselves straining to lift it.’
  • 2[with object] Breach or disturb (a harmonious feeling or situation):

    ‘once trust and confidence has been ruptured it can be difficult to regain’
    • ‘Labor's record in power has forever ruptured the close allegiance that millions of workers once had with the party.’
    • ‘An estimated 2,000 fans cheered the Shrimps onto the Division One club's pitch - but it took just two minutes for reality to rupture the excitement.’
    • ‘The role of Italy in Panofsky's account of Durer's work both ruptures the alleged continuity of the German national spirit and symbolizes the enlightened tradition of humanist rationality.’
    • ‘You hurt him emotionally, and you ruptured the trust between you.’
    • ‘If London truly was a city on the brink, then his killing might have ruptured the trust that holds things together.’
    sever, break, cut off, break off, breach, disrupt
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noun

  • 1An instance of breaking or bursting suddenly and completely:

    ‘a small hairline crack could develop into a rupture’
    [mass noun] ‘the patient died after rupture of an aneurysm’
    • ‘There have been five pipeline ruptures in the last 10 years in Manitoba.’
    • ‘Once an eruption is initiated, the seal ruptures, suddenly releasing massive amounts of gas, which have been accumulating within the plumbing system of the volcano.’
    • ‘While a tank might survive such an overpressurization, repeated overfilling will induce cylinder wall fatigue that could cause a catastrophic rupture.’
    • ‘Marfan's syndrome is a connective tissue disorder that increases the probability of a rupture or dissection occurring at smaller diameters than in a normal patient.’
    • ‘The ruptures break up the train and free any intact sperm for action.’
    • ‘Last May, he died suddenly from an aortic rupture at the age of 44, leaving a wife and young children.’
    • ‘One exception to these observations is the Kaiapo Fault, a normal structure that predates the 26.5 ka eruption and has experienced two historic seismogenic ruptures.’
    • ‘However, eating fish was found to have no impact on the risk of suffering a hemorrhagic stroke, where a blood vessel in the brain breaks or ruptures and causes bleeding on the brain.’
    • ‘Similarly, the seismic vibrations produced when the ground suddenly ruptures radiate out through the Earth's interior from the rupture point, called the earthquake focus.’
    • ‘Obviously some of these men might have died anyway from a sudden rupture, but a clear distinction needs to be made between dying naturally and at the instigation of doctors.’
    • ‘This could have been due to a sudden rupture of the membrane that covers the hole that was made during the operation.’
    • ‘She believed the rupture happened because of the prolonged dry spell which may have dried the clay out underground, causing it to move and fracture.’
    • ‘It was more than a break from what came before; it was a seismic rupture.’
    • ‘Sudden ruptures of the artery can lead to fatal blood loss or severe brain damage.’
    • ‘Note that the data did not allow the researchers to conclude that the ruptures necessarily caused the deaths, merely that they were associated with rupture.’
    • ‘He suffered a double leg break, cruciate ligament damage and a total rupture of the ankle.’
    • ‘The rupture seems definitive - a long way from happening and happily.’
    • ‘They suggest there is a real risk of a sudden rupture, e.g. a structural change in ocean currents or the melting of the Western Antarctic ice sheet.’
    • ‘Second, the successive rupture of these multiple contacts during protein detachment slows the unbinding velocity.’
    • ‘A powerful burst of rupture energy is seen 80 seconds later as the quake progresses northwest.’
    breaking, breakage, cracking, cleavage, shattering, fragmentation, splintering, splitting, separation, bursting, disintegration
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    1. 1.1 An abdominal hernia.
      • ‘Most ruptures originate during strenuous physical activities, especially basketball, tennis, football, and softball.’
      • ‘Neither of them had had pain before the initial rupture of the second rupture.’
      • ‘They represent the rupture of subepidermal connective tissue as a result of abdominal distension, either recent or remote.’
  • 2A breach of a harmonious relationship:

    ‘the rupture with his father would never be healed’
    • ‘The Liberals recognize that in the event of a rupture between the US and Europe economics and geo-politics dictate that the Canadian bourgeoisie must stand with the US.’
    • ‘We don't have to wait for five years to understand his political and economic philosophy through a retrospective analysis of the ruptures and trajectories of political and economic patterns.’
    • ‘The trauma of such ruptures in developmental trajectories was frequently expressed through descriptions of irreversible transformations of the identities of the victims.’
    • ‘His rupture with the Labour Party is clearly painful, his whole adult life having been devoted to it.’
    • ‘Still, the choreography leavens the process with sudden ruptures in the pristine order.’
    rift, estrangement, break-up, breach, split, severance, separation, parting, division, alienation
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Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun): from Old French rupture or Latin ruptura, from rumpere to break. The verb dates from the mid 18th century.

Pronunciation:

rupture

/ˈrʌptʃə/