Definition of running in English:

running

noun

  • 1The action or movement of a runner:

    ‘his running tore United to shreds’
    • ‘While the two strikers were full of running and movement, they faced a wall of defenders who played very deep on account of their obvious lack of pace.’
    • ‘Some great strokes and hard running from the batsman managed to make it seven needed from the last over.’
    • ‘One had short black hair, the other long brown hair in a ponytail that was not so perfect anymore from the running.’
    • ‘The guile of Johnny at stand off and the elusive running of Warren from full back kept the team one step ahead.’
    • ‘They rested for a minute, trying to catch their breath from all the running.’
    • ‘Carter approached his gang tentatively, his face sweaty from all the running.’
    • ‘The up and down movement of the body during running may stimulate bowel activity.’
    • ‘His contribution has been to deploy the team in a setup to maximise John's pace and direct running.’
    • ‘More direct running, allied with better movement on and off the ball, allowed a few better chances to be conjured up.’
    • ‘The Otley rugby player has been among their recruits producing some exciting if unorthodox running between the wickets.’
    • ‘Adding to all this the running between wickets was near perfect.’
    • ‘Josh raced up the stairs and slammed into the wall, turned and resumed running.’
    • ‘All that running and sprinting made my muscles all tight and painful to stretch out.’
    • ‘At least part of that time should be spent running, preferably off the leash in a safe, confined area.’
    • ‘For all his good running and putting of runners into space with deft passes, one of his primary jobs is to kick points.’
    • ‘If you watch Cole in the centre circle when the action is elsewhere, he puts in little superfluous running.’
    • ‘The Laois style of quick passing and running was replaced by the more direct approach of catch and kick.’
    • ‘The return to running should be gradual, starting at an easy pace on a level surface.’
    • ‘Chances went begging for both sides before determined running by Tim saw him touch down in the corner.’
    • ‘Great passing and running brought two tries for the Captain, but the Soulies responded each time.’
    1. 1.1 The sport of racing on foot:
      ‘marathon running’
      • ‘Exercise and some sports, eg running or squash can aggravate the joints.’
      • ‘However, as with other sports, if good technique is applied, running can be both enjoyable and rewarding.’
      • ‘Cross-country running is a great way for all athletes of every level to come and race together.’
      • ‘After the war he switched from long-distance events to middle-distance running.’
      • ‘Lord Coe holds four Olympic medals and eight world records in middle-distance running.’
      • ‘Jay decided that he was out of shape and that maybe he should take up running.’
      • ‘Now living and working in New York, she decided to take up running because other sports were so expensive.’
      • ‘EPO is a drug which can dramatically improve performances in middle- and long-distance running.’
      • ‘I was into my running and competed in the London Marathon three times and did numerous half marathons.’
      • ‘She will leave after achieving the greatest performance in British middle-distance running of modern times.’
      • ‘Blisters are a common minor injury for athletes who take part in prolonged sports, such as long-distance running or football.’
      • ‘According to his piece on marathons the older the better for long-distance running.’
      • ‘During his athletic days, he specialised in long-distance running.’
      • ‘It's important to take it steadily when you first decide to take up any sport and running is no different.’
      • ‘Perhaps it is for this reason that hill running is sometimes depicted as an obscure offshoot of mainstream athletics.’
      sprinting, sprint, racing
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  • 2The action of managing or operating something:

    ‘the day-to-day running of the office’
    • ‘He is no longer responsible for the day-to-day running of the chain, but he still makes time for jolly banter with the staff.’
    • ‘The staff should be applauded for keeping it running under such circumstances.’
    • ‘It isn't always the case that you have to go on stage, there is plenty to do in the general running of the show.’
    • ‘The new management team were not previously involved in the general running of the printers, nor were they directors or shareholders.’
    • ‘She said the main day-to-day running of the hospital would follow usual operational arrangements in place during winter.’
    • ‘I have no idea whether they realise how much they have disrupted the day-to-day to running of the school.’
    • ‘Head teachers look after the day-to-day running of a school.’
    • ‘Presiding over the various activities involved in the day-to-day running of the club is time consuming.’
    • ‘In addition to the few of us running the whole company, we were responsible for the day-to-day running of the house.’
    • ‘A team of seven people will identify ways of generating cash and will be in charge of the day-to-day running of the vehicles.’
    • ‘He is also planning to hire a new chief executive to handle the day-to-day running of the club.’
    • ‘The Chamber of Commerce is always in need of funds and the money raised will go towards the day to day running of the operation.’
    • ‘My son has a new head at his primary school who does no teaching and has no involvement with the day-to-day running of the school.’
    • ‘Companies will be expected to involve their investors in the day-to-day running of the business.’
    • ‘The prefects play a vital role in the smooth running of the school.’
    • ‘The company keeps your data safe and is responsible for the financial running of the project.’
    • ‘In her role as manager, she was responsible for the day-to-day running of the premises.’
    • ‘But a spokesman denied his absence would jeopardise the smooth running of the general and county council elections.’
    • ‘The funds raised go to the day-to-day running of the community council.’
    • ‘The legitimate aim was the proper running of a multi-cultural, multi-faith, secular school.’
    administration, management, managing, organization, coordination, orchestration, handling, direction, conduct, overseeing, controlling, control, regulation, supervision, charge
    operation, working, functioning, performance
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adjective

  • 1[attributive] Denoting something that runs, in particular:

    • ‘The running girl slammed straight into Gavin who wrapped his hands firmly around her.’
    • ‘Team roping involves two people on horseback trying to stop a running steer.’
    • ‘I looked for an emotion - of pain, of weariness, of Basil Brush exuberance - but of course it was just a running fox.’
    • ‘Kevin hit his straps and directed play through the half forward zone, bringing the running players into the game.’
    • ‘The hard soil beneath her running feet became softer as the path drew nearer to the river Marbella.’
    • ‘He could hear the distant sound of running feet, trampling over the cement ground.’
    • ‘Two explosions erupted in front of the running stallion, causing it to jump into the air.’
    • ‘Suddenly, the low, rhythmic sound of running footsteps became conscious to the both of us.’
    functioning, working, running, up and running, operative, in use, in action, going
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    1. 1.1 (of water) flowing naturally or supplied to a building through pipes and taps:
      ‘hot and cold running water’
      • ‘The building has a small lift and the rooms have running water, baths and hot showers and the caretaker has a television.’
      • ‘Prisoners often had inadequate clothing to protect themselves from the elements, and most camps lacked running water and heat.’
      • ‘The path to the top of the mountain runs beside the running water of a stream.’
      • ‘There are signs all over the surface of running water, but at the moment it is dry.’
      • ‘This shows that Mars, like the Earth, once had an active hydrological cycle that ultimately led to running water on its surface.’
      • ‘Several facilities failed to provide basic provisions for patients such as hot running water, toilet seats and clean bed linen.’
      • ‘The authority would be particularly interested in helping people whose homes still do not have indoor toilets or hot running water.’
      • ‘The former control tower, which included an officers' mess, has no electricity supply, sewage system or running water.’
      • ‘Visitors need access to toilets, hot running water and soap.’
      • ‘The turbine powered three batteries to provide heat, lighting, and hot running water for the facilities.’
      • ‘Without running water, women wash their cooking pots in the street.’
      • ‘It is an exciting moment for me when I see a blade of grass or see a leaf of a tree, and when I listen to birds chattering and to running water in a stream.’
      • ‘It is not known whether the premises have a working electricity supply or running water and much of the estate has fallen into disrepair.’
      • ‘I could faintly hear the sounds of running water somewhere in the building.’
      • ‘If they do have running water, they're being told that they have to boil it.’
      • ‘The rooms were well-furnished and had English commodes, bath-tubs and running water.’
      • ‘In the background a soundtrack of running water and gravel could be heard.’
      • ‘If one's eyes have been contaminated, wash with clean running water for at least 15 minutes.’
      • ‘Tree houses now come with all modern conveniences including heat, light, running water and internet connections.’
      • ‘The second room was a rudimentary kitchen with running water.’
      flowing, streaming, gushing, rushing, moving
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    2. 1.2 (of a sore or a part of the body) exuding liquid or pus:
      ‘a running sore’
      • ‘But she had an offensive, running sore that lay open from below her knee right down to her foot.’
  • 2Done while running:

    ‘a running jump’
    • ‘She got a good running start, and then jumped over the cement wall that was close to the warehouse.’
    • ‘He must have taken a bit of a running jump at it though, because he travelled about half an inch before capitulating in a salty heap.’
    • ‘I take a running start and jump over the first, which is as high as my hip.’
    • ‘I took a running start and jumped for the bed falling face flat on a pillow.’
    • ‘So I took a running start towards him and jumped into the air.’
    • ‘I taking a running jump and land a nice axe kick on him.’
    • ‘In a running long jump the arms are out of phase, one behind and the other in front.’
    • ‘He made a running jump over the space in the ground and landed on the other side.’
    • ‘He took a running leap and jumped onto the cot, sending it crashing to the ground.’
  • 3Continuous or recurring over a long period:

    ‘a running joke’
    • ‘Dying of old age while in the waiting room has been a running joke for decades.’
    • ‘So bad was the road that it became a running joke among those who use it regularly.’
    • ‘Our kids got used to this, and, in fact, it became a running joke between them.’
    • ‘Much of the humour is contained in a variety of running jokes introduced throughout the first act.’
    • ‘One of the film's running jokes has his three children growing fat because of their love of junk food.’
    • ‘Everyone had heard of this movie because it was a running joke on the Benny show, but very few people had seen it.’
    • ‘The attempt to record the ever-changing audience will become one of the many running jokes that power the show.’
    • ‘The running joke is that Anna is wrongly convinced that Catherine is Irish.’
    • ‘The running joke is about a well-educated immigrant stuck in a dead job.’
    • ‘One of the film's funniest jokes is a running gag involving a car radio stuck on a 1980s soft rock revival station.’
    • ‘What started out as a convenient short-cut for the writers has become a running joke, at the show's expense.’
    • ‘The police's long running battle to take on the burglar enters a new phase in the town this week.’
    • ‘Not only do the running expenses continue, but they usually increase in times of drought.’
    • ‘It's become a running joke that I only invite her because she has this huge casserole dish that I borrow.’
    • ‘Alex's hair was kind of a running joke - mainly because it looked rather like a lion's mane.’
    • ‘Like many Scottish men typecast by gender, Max's chosen career is something of a running joke amongst members of his family.’
    • ‘It has running jokes, punch lines and a neat comic economy.’
    • ‘Still, as their winning streak drained the suspense out of the show, no event needed a running joke more.’
    • ‘My ‘application’ succeeded very well in its goal, becoming a running joke.’
    • ‘Then for the next fortnight it would be a running joke in the restaurant.’
    continuous, ongoing, sustained, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless, uninterrupted, constant, perpetual, unbroken
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    1. 3.1[postpositive] Consecutive; in succession:
      ‘he failed to produce an essay for the third week running’
      • ‘Those who are absent from classes for two weeks running or 50 class hours added up in one semester will be given a record of a demerit for misconduct.’
      • ‘The former gospel singer has held onto her number one spot for the second week running.’
      in succession, in a row, in sequence, one after the other, consecutively
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Pronunciation:

running

/ˈrʌnɪŋ/