Definition of running in English:

running

noun

mass noun
  • 1The action or movement of a runner.

    ‘his running tore United to shreds’
    • ‘At least part of that time should be spent running, preferably off the leash in a safe, confined area.’
    • ‘Adding to all this the running between wickets was near perfect.’
    • ‘The Laois style of quick passing and running was replaced by the more direct approach of catch and kick.’
    • ‘All that running and sprinting made my muscles all tight and painful to stretch out.’
    • ‘The up and down movement of the body during running may stimulate bowel activity.’
    • ‘One had short black hair, the other long brown hair in a ponytail that was not so perfect anymore from the running.’
    • ‘Carter approached his gang tentatively, his face sweaty from all the running.’
    • ‘They rested for a minute, trying to catch their breath from all the running.’
    • ‘While the two strikers were full of running and movement, they faced a wall of defenders who played very deep on account of their obvious lack of pace.’
    • ‘The guile of Johnny at stand off and the elusive running of Warren from full back kept the team one step ahead.’
    • ‘The return to running should be gradual, starting at an easy pace on a level surface.’
    • ‘For all his good running and putting of runners into space with deft passes, one of his primary jobs is to kick points.’
    • ‘If you watch Cole in the centre circle when the action is elsewhere, he puts in little superfluous running.’
    • ‘His contribution has been to deploy the team in a setup to maximise John's pace and direct running.’
    • ‘The Otley rugby player has been among their recruits producing some exciting if unorthodox running between the wickets.’
    • ‘More direct running, allied with better movement on and off the ball, allowed a few better chances to be conjured up.’
    • ‘Josh raced up the stairs and slammed into the wall, turned and resumed running.’
    • ‘Some great strokes and hard running from the batsman managed to make it seven needed from the last over.’
    • ‘Great passing and running brought two tries for the Captain, but the Soulies responded each time.’
    • ‘Chances went begging for both sides before determined running by Tim saw him touch down in the corner.’
    1. 1.1 The sport of racing on foot.
      ‘marathon running’
      • ‘Now living and working in New York, she decided to take up running because other sports were so expensive.’
      • ‘She will leave after achieving the greatest performance in British middle-distance running of modern times.’
      • ‘It's important to take it steadily when you first decide to take up any sport and running is no different.’
      • ‘Cross-country running is a great way for all athletes of every level to come and race together.’
      • ‘After the war he switched from long-distance events to middle-distance running.’
      • ‘During his athletic days, he specialised in long-distance running.’
      • ‘Exercise and some sports, eg running or squash can aggravate the joints.’
      • ‘I was into my running and competed in the London Marathon three times and did numerous half marathons.’
      • ‘Blisters are a common minor injury for athletes who take part in prolonged sports, such as long-distance running or football.’
      • ‘However, as with other sports, if good technique is applied, running can be both enjoyable and rewarding.’
      • ‘Jay decided that he was out of shape and that maybe he should take up running.’
      • ‘According to his piece on marathons the older the better for long-distance running.’
      • ‘Lord Coe holds four Olympic medals and eight world records in middle-distance running.’
      • ‘EPO is a drug which can dramatically improve performances in middle- and long-distance running.’
      • ‘Perhaps it is for this reason that hill running is sometimes depicted as an obscure offshoot of mainstream athletics.’
      sprinting, sprint, racing
      View synonyms
  • 2The action of managing or operating something.

    ‘the day-to-day running of the office’
    • ‘The Chamber of Commerce is always in need of funds and the money raised will go towards the day to day running of the operation.’
    • ‘In her role as manager, she was responsible for the day-to-day running of the premises.’
    • ‘The company keeps your data safe and is responsible for the financial running of the project.’
    • ‘But a spokesman denied his absence would jeopardise the smooth running of the general and county council elections.’
    • ‘The funds raised go to the day-to-day running of the community council.’
    • ‘Presiding over the various activities involved in the day-to-day running of the club is time consuming.’
    • ‘The new management team were not previously involved in the general running of the printers, nor were they directors or shareholders.’
    • ‘I have no idea whether they realise how much they have disrupted the day-to-day to running of the school.’
    • ‘She said the main day-to-day running of the hospital would follow usual operational arrangements in place during winter.’
    • ‘The staff should be applauded for keeping it running under such circumstances.’
    • ‘The prefects play a vital role in the smooth running of the school.’
    • ‘My son has a new head at his primary school who does no teaching and has no involvement with the day-to-day running of the school.’
    • ‘Companies will be expected to involve their investors in the day-to-day running of the business.’
    • ‘The legitimate aim was the proper running of a multi-cultural, multi-faith, secular school.’
    • ‘He is also planning to hire a new chief executive to handle the day-to-day running of the club.’
    • ‘Head teachers look after the day-to-day running of a school.’
    • ‘In addition to the few of us running the whole company, we were responsible for the day-to-day running of the house.’
    • ‘A team of seven people will identify ways of generating cash and will be in charge of the day-to-day running of the vehicles.’
    • ‘He is no longer responsible for the day-to-day running of the chain, but he still makes time for jolly banter with the staff.’
    • ‘It isn't always the case that you have to go on stage, there is plenty to do in the general running of the show.’
    administration, management, managing, organization, coordination, orchestration, handling, direction, conduct, overseeing, controlling, control, regulation, supervision, charge
    operation, working, functioning, performance
    View synonyms

adjective

  • 1attributive (of water) flowing naturally or supplied to a building through pipes and taps.

    ‘hot and cold running water’
    • ‘Without running water, women wash their cooking pots in the street.’
    • ‘This shows that Mars, like the Earth, once had an active hydrological cycle that ultimately led to running water on its surface.’
    • ‘There are signs all over the surface of running water, but at the moment it is dry.’
    • ‘If they do have running water, they're being told that they have to boil it.’
    • ‘The rooms were well-furnished and had English commodes, bath-tubs and running water.’
    • ‘The authority would be particularly interested in helping people whose homes still do not have indoor toilets or hot running water.’
    • ‘I could faintly hear the sounds of running water somewhere in the building.’
    • ‘It is an exciting moment for me when I see a blade of grass or see a leaf of a tree, and when I listen to birds chattering and to running water in a stream.’
    • ‘Tree houses now come with all modern conveniences including heat, light, running water and internet connections.’
    • ‘The turbine powered three batteries to provide heat, lighting, and hot running water for the facilities.’
    • ‘If one's eyes have been contaminated, wash with clean running water for at least 15 minutes.’
    • ‘Several facilities failed to provide basic provisions for patients such as hot running water, toilet seats and clean bed linen.’
    • ‘Prisoners often had inadequate clothing to protect themselves from the elements, and most camps lacked running water and heat.’
    • ‘The second room was a rudimentary kitchen with running water.’
    • ‘The path to the top of the mountain runs beside the running water of a stream.’
    • ‘In the background a soundtrack of running water and gravel could be heard.’
    • ‘It is not known whether the premises have a working electricity supply or running water and much of the estate has fallen into disrepair.’
    • ‘The former control tower, which included an officers' mess, has no electricity supply, sewage system or running water.’
    • ‘The building has a small lift and the rooms have running water, baths and hot showers and the caretaker has a television.’
    • ‘Visitors need access to toilets, hot running water and soap.’
    flowing, streaming, gushing, rushing, moving
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a sore or a part of the body) exuding liquid or pus.
      ‘a running sore’
      • ‘But she had an offensive, running sore that lay open from below her knee right down to her foot.’
  • 2attributive Done while running.

    ‘a running jump’
    • ‘I taking a running jump and land a nice axe kick on him.’
    • ‘In a running long jump the arms are out of phase, one behind and the other in front.’
    • ‘He made a running jump over the space in the ground and landed on the other side.’
    • ‘So I took a running start towards him and jumped into the air.’
    • ‘He took a running leap and jumped onto the cot, sending it crashing to the ground.’
    • ‘I take a running start and jump over the first, which is as high as my hip.’
    • ‘She got a good running start, and then jumped over the cement wall that was close to the warehouse.’
    • ‘He must have taken a bit of a running jump at it though, because he travelled about half an inch before capitulating in a salty heap.’
    • ‘I took a running start and jumped for the bed falling face flat on a pillow.’
  • 3attributive Continuous or recurring over a long period.

    ‘a running joke’
    • ‘The attempt to record the ever-changing audience will become one of the many running jokes that power the show.’
    • ‘The running joke is about a well-educated immigrant stuck in a dead job.’
    • ‘Still, as their winning streak drained the suspense out of the show, no event needed a running joke more.’
    • ‘Much of the humour is contained in a variety of running jokes introduced throughout the first act.’
    • ‘Alex's hair was kind of a running joke - mainly because it looked rather like a lion's mane.’
    • ‘Our kids got used to this, and, in fact, it became a running joke between them.’
    • ‘Then for the next fortnight it would be a running joke in the restaurant.’
    • ‘One of the film's running jokes has his three children growing fat because of their love of junk food.’
    • ‘So bad was the road that it became a running joke among those who use it regularly.’
    • ‘Not only do the running expenses continue, but they usually increase in times of drought.’
    • ‘What started out as a convenient short-cut for the writers has become a running joke, at the show's expense.’
    • ‘Everyone had heard of this movie because it was a running joke on the Benny show, but very few people had seen it.’
    • ‘Dying of old age while in the waiting room has been a running joke for decades.’
    • ‘It's become a running joke that I only invite her because she has this huge casserole dish that I borrow.’
    • ‘The running joke is that Anna is wrongly convinced that Catherine is Irish.’
    • ‘One of the film's funniest jokes is a running gag involving a car radio stuck on a 1980s soft rock revival station.’
    • ‘It has running jokes, punch lines and a neat comic economy.’
    • ‘Like many Scottish men typecast by gender, Max's chosen career is something of a running joke amongst members of his family.’
    • ‘The police's long running battle to take on the burglar enters a new phase in the town this week.’
    • ‘My ‘application’ succeeded very well in its goal, becoming a running joke.’
    continuous, ongoing, sustained, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless, uninterrupted, constant, perpetual, unbroken
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    1. 3.1postpositive Consecutive; in succession.
      ‘he failed to produce an essay for the third week running’
      • ‘The former gospel singer has held onto her number one spot for the second week running.’
      • ‘Those who are absent from classes for two weeks running or 50 class hours added up in one semester will be given a record of a demerit for misconduct.’
      in succession, in a row, in sequence, one after the other, consecutively
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • in (or out of) the running

    • In (or no longer in) contention for an award, victory, or a place in a team.

      ‘he is in the running for an Oscar’
      • ‘He knows his team are out of the running and it riles.’
      • ‘Looking a few years down the line, I am hopeful of being in the running to be the first-choice keeper.’
      • ‘The issue was not raised after Dean dropped out of the running.’
      • ‘All four teams in the East are within one game of each other and very much in the running.’
      • ‘So who is likely to be in the running for the honour and responsibility that goes with this new post?’
      • ‘But they are hardly out of the running for the finals - so reports about player unhappiness with the coach are hardly well timed.’
      • ‘It never crossed my mind that I was even in the running, so it was bit of a shock.’
      • ‘A quick-thinking team who helped prevent an air crash are in the running for a top honour.’
      • ‘As the league is rapidly coming to a close the trophies are up for grabs and all eight teams are still in the running.’
      • ‘By then the winner tends to be known and three quarters of the teams know that they are out of the running.’
      likely to get, likely to receive, likely to win, in contention for, a candidate for, in line for, on the shortlist for, being considered for, up for
      out of contention, out of the competition, out of the contest, no longer a candidate for
      View synonyms
  • make the running

    • Set the pace in a race or activity.

      ‘Arkle was making all the running’
      ‘in the past women sat back and waited for men to make the running’
      • ‘But his jockey revealed: ‘It wasn't the plan to make the running as he is a typical hold-up horse.’
      • ‘In the water, never chase or approach a manatee; let it make the running.’
      • ‘In attempting to distinguish between local and provincial initiatives in the development of the Roman province, it is important to pause and consider who was making the running in the new province.’
      • ‘First Row made the running to the turn when favourite Unfurled took over in front.’
      • ‘We discussed the race and decided that the other two runners needed a gallop so we wouldn't set it up for them by making the running.’
      • ‘Traditionally, handset manufacturers make the running with technology, committing huge resources to get it working in the hope of making a sale.’
      • ‘Arsenal continued to make the running and knew they had to remain patient, rather than become frustrated, as the minutes ticked away.’
      • ‘It was down to us to try and make the running and we did that.’
      • ‘There are many twists and turns to come, and the contest could yet be delayed until next year, but the former chancellor is making the running.’
      • ‘‘It was a very hard race, and once again I was left to make the running without any help,’ she complained.’
  • take a running jump

    • often as imperativeUsed as an expression of angry dismissal or rejection.

      ‘I hope you told that boss of yours to take a running jump’
      • ‘He said if you don't like Mondays go take a running jump.’
      • ‘Time will tell, but if it tells me to read Yours Magazine, I may well tell time to take a running jump.’
      • ‘Then you really might want to take a running jump.’
      • ‘Until then, anyone coming near my children with a new improved vaccination can take a running jump.’
      • ‘And their message is, on your own argument, that the anti-war party should take a running jump.’
      • ‘So until the law prohibits the sale of tobacco and the smoking thereof the non-smokers can go and take a running jump.’
      • ‘The new non-recruitment policy doesn't just impact new punters - existing users looking to renew their annual subscription will also be told to take a running jump.’
      • ‘Rather than telling the ‘buyer’ to take a running jump, Jeff decided to play him along while at the same time complaining about his actions to the online auction site.’
      • ‘He also slammed the intense ‘over the top’ media focus on his breach of the smoking ban, dismissed the media as a ‘bunch of hypocrites’, who could all take a running jump.’
  • take up the running

    • Take over as pacesetter in a race.

      • ‘Distinction, the 11-4 favourite, takes up the running with about half a mile to go and soon has the field strung out.’
      • ‘As the 14-strong field came into the home straight, North Light took up the running with Snow Ridge also making a move.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, White was starting to lose ground as Tootell and Purdie took up the running at the front of the race.’
      • ‘After an even break, Pinkerton takes up the running.’
      • ‘The seven-year-old was always in the lead group and took up the running at Aintree when Ardent Scout unseated his rider at the ninth of the 22 fences.’

Pronunciation

running

/ˈrʌnɪŋ/