Definition of running in English:

running

noun

  • 1The action or movement of a runner.

    ‘his running tore United to shreds’
    • ‘The return to running should be gradual, starting at an easy pace on a level surface.’
    • ‘One had short black hair, the other long brown hair in a ponytail that was not so perfect anymore from the running.’
    • ‘Some great strokes and hard running from the batsman managed to make it seven needed from the last over.’
    • ‘If you watch Cole in the centre circle when the action is elsewhere, he puts in little superfluous running.’
    • ‘Adding to all this the running between wickets was near perfect.’
    • ‘The up and down movement of the body during running may stimulate bowel activity.’
    • ‘At least part of that time should be spent running, preferably off the leash in a safe, confined area.’
    • ‘The guile of Johnny at stand off and the elusive running of Warren from full back kept the team one step ahead.’
    • ‘Carter approached his gang tentatively, his face sweaty from all the running.’
    • ‘The Otley rugby player has been among their recruits producing some exciting if unorthodox running between the wickets.’
    • ‘Josh raced up the stairs and slammed into the wall, turned and resumed running.’
    • ‘They rested for a minute, trying to catch their breath from all the running.’
    • ‘All that running and sprinting made my muscles all tight and painful to stretch out.’
    • ‘For all his good running and putting of runners into space with deft passes, one of his primary jobs is to kick points.’
    • ‘While the two strikers were full of running and movement, they faced a wall of defenders who played very deep on account of their obvious lack of pace.’
    • ‘His contribution has been to deploy the team in a setup to maximise John's pace and direct running.’
    • ‘Great passing and running brought two tries for the Captain, but the Soulies responded each time.’
    • ‘The Laois style of quick passing and running was replaced by the more direct approach of catch and kick.’
    • ‘More direct running, allied with better movement on and off the ball, allowed a few better chances to be conjured up.’
    • ‘Chances went begging for both sides before determined running by Tim saw him touch down in the corner.’
    1. 1.1The sport of racing on foot.
      ‘marathon running’
      • ‘EPO is a drug which can dramatically improve performances in middle- and long-distance running.’
      • ‘Jay decided that he was out of shape and that maybe he should take up running.’
      • ‘Lord Coe holds four Olympic medals and eight world records in middle-distance running.’
      • ‘She will leave after achieving the greatest performance in British middle-distance running of modern times.’
      • ‘Now living and working in New York, she decided to take up running because other sports were so expensive.’
      • ‘I was into my running and competed in the London Marathon three times and did numerous half marathons.’
      • ‘Perhaps it is for this reason that hill running is sometimes depicted as an obscure offshoot of mainstream athletics.’
      • ‘During his athletic days, he specialised in long-distance running.’
      • ‘Exercise and some sports, eg running or squash can aggravate the joints.’
      • ‘According to his piece on marathons the older the better for long-distance running.’
      • ‘Blisters are a common minor injury for athletes who take part in prolonged sports, such as long-distance running or football.’
      • ‘However, as with other sports, if good technique is applied, running can be both enjoyable and rewarding.’
      • ‘It's important to take it steadily when you first decide to take up any sport and running is no different.’
      • ‘Cross-country running is a great way for all athletes of every level to come and race together.’
      • ‘After the war he switched from long-distance events to middle-distance running.’
  • 2The action of managing or operating something.

    ‘the day-to-day running of the office’
    • ‘My son has a new head at his primary school who does no teaching and has no involvement with the day-to-day running of the school.’
    • ‘Presiding over the various activities involved in the day-to-day running of the club is time consuming.’
    • ‘He is no longer responsible for the day-to-day running of the chain, but he still makes time for jolly banter with the staff.’
    • ‘The funds raised go to the day-to-day running of the community council.’
    • ‘It isn't always the case that you have to go on stage, there is plenty to do in the general running of the show.’
    • ‘The new management team were not previously involved in the general running of the printers, nor were they directors or shareholders.’
    • ‘A team of seven people will identify ways of generating cash and will be in charge of the day-to-day running of the vehicles.’
    • ‘The legitimate aim was the proper running of a multi-cultural, multi-faith, secular school.’
    • ‘The prefects play a vital role in the smooth running of the school.’
    • ‘The staff should be applauded for keeping it running under such circumstances.’
    • ‘In her role as manager, she was responsible for the day-to-day running of the premises.’
    • ‘In addition to the few of us running the whole company, we were responsible for the day-to-day running of the house.’
    • ‘The company keeps your data safe and is responsible for the financial running of the project.’
    • ‘She said the main day-to-day running of the hospital would follow usual operational arrangements in place during winter.’
    • ‘But a spokesman denied his absence would jeopardise the smooth running of the general and county council elections.’
    • ‘Companies will be expected to involve their investors in the day-to-day running of the business.’
    • ‘Head teachers look after the day-to-day running of a school.’
    • ‘He is also planning to hire a new chief executive to handle the day-to-day running of the club.’
    • ‘I have no idea whether they realise how much they have disrupted the day-to-day to running of the school.’
    • ‘The Chamber of Commerce is always in need of funds and the money raised will go towards the day to day running of the operation.’
    administration, management, managing, organization, coordination, orchestration, handling, direction, conduct, overseeing, controlling, control, regulation, supervision, charge
    operation, working, functioning, performance
    View synonyms

adjective

  • 1[attributive] Denoting something that runs, in particular.

    • ‘The running girl slammed straight into Gavin who wrapped his hands firmly around her.’
    • ‘Team roping involves two people on horseback trying to stop a running steer.’
    • ‘Two explosions erupted in front of the running stallion, causing it to jump into the air.’
    • ‘Kevin hit his straps and directed play through the half forward zone, bringing the running players into the game.’
    • ‘He could hear the distant sound of running feet, trampling over the cement ground.’
    • ‘The hard soil beneath her running feet became softer as the path drew nearer to the river Marbella.’
    • ‘Suddenly, the low, rhythmic sound of running footsteps became conscious to the both of us.’
    • ‘I looked for an emotion - of pain, of weariness, of Basil Brush exuberance - but of course it was just a running fox.’
    functioning, working, running, up and running, operative, in use, in action, going
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    1. 1.1(of water) flowing naturally or supplied to a building through pipes and taps.
      ‘hot and cold running water’
      • ‘It is not known whether the premises have a working electricity supply or running water and much of the estate has fallen into disrepair.’
      • ‘The second room was a rudimentary kitchen with running water.’
      • ‘I could faintly hear the sounds of running water somewhere in the building.’
      • ‘The building has a small lift and the rooms have running water, baths and hot showers and the caretaker has a television.’
      • ‘This shows that Mars, like the Earth, once had an active hydrological cycle that ultimately led to running water on its surface.’
      • ‘Without running water, women wash their cooking pots in the street.’
      • ‘If they do have running water, they're being told that they have to boil it.’
      • ‘In the background a soundtrack of running water and gravel could be heard.’
      • ‘Several facilities failed to provide basic provisions for patients such as hot running water, toilet seats and clean bed linen.’
      • ‘Visitors need access to toilets, hot running water and soap.’
      • ‘The path to the top of the mountain runs beside the running water of a stream.’
      • ‘The former control tower, which included an officers' mess, has no electricity supply, sewage system or running water.’
      • ‘There are signs all over the surface of running water, but at the moment it is dry.’
      • ‘The authority would be particularly interested in helping people whose homes still do not have indoor toilets or hot running water.’
      • ‘Tree houses now come with all modern conveniences including heat, light, running water and internet connections.’
      • ‘If one's eyes have been contaminated, wash with clean running water for at least 15 minutes.’
      • ‘The turbine powered three batteries to provide heat, lighting, and hot running water for the facilities.’
      • ‘The rooms were well-furnished and had English commodes, bath-tubs and running water.’
      • ‘It is an exciting moment for me when I see a blade of grass or see a leaf of a tree, and when I listen to birds chattering and to running water in a stream.’
      • ‘Prisoners often had inadequate clothing to protect themselves from the elements, and most camps lacked running water and heat.’
    2. 1.2(of a sore or a part of the body) exuding liquid or pus.
      ‘a running sore’
      • ‘But she had an offensive, running sore that lay open from below her knee right down to her foot.’
  • 2Done while running.

    ‘a running jump’
    • ‘He took a running leap and jumped onto the cot, sending it crashing to the ground.’
    • ‘She got a good running start, and then jumped over the cement wall that was close to the warehouse.’
    • ‘So I took a running start towards him and jumped into the air.’
    • ‘I taking a running jump and land a nice axe kick on him.’
    • ‘He made a running jump over the space in the ground and landed on the other side.’
    • ‘In a running long jump the arms are out of phase, one behind and the other in front.’
    • ‘I take a running start and jump over the first, which is as high as my hip.’
    • ‘He must have taken a bit of a running jump at it though, because he travelled about half an inch before capitulating in a salty heap.’
    • ‘I took a running start and jumped for the bed falling face flat on a pillow.’
  • 3Continuous or recurring over a long period.

    ‘a running joke’
    • ‘Alex's hair was kind of a running joke - mainly because it looked rather like a lion's mane.’
    • ‘So bad was the road that it became a running joke among those who use it regularly.’
    • ‘The police's long running battle to take on the burglar enters a new phase in the town this week.’
    • ‘Like many Scottish men typecast by gender, Max's chosen career is something of a running joke amongst members of his family.’
    • ‘Still, as their winning streak drained the suspense out of the show, no event needed a running joke more.’
    • ‘Everyone had heard of this movie because it was a running joke on the Benny show, but very few people had seen it.’
    • ‘Our kids got used to this, and, in fact, it became a running joke between them.’
    • ‘Much of the humour is contained in a variety of running jokes introduced throughout the first act.’
    • ‘My ‘application’ succeeded very well in its goal, becoming a running joke.’
    • ‘The running joke is that Anna is wrongly convinced that Catherine is Irish.’
    • ‘The running joke is about a well-educated immigrant stuck in a dead job.’
    • ‘It has running jokes, punch lines and a neat comic economy.’
    • ‘Dying of old age while in the waiting room has been a running joke for decades.’
    • ‘It's become a running joke that I only invite her because she has this huge casserole dish that I borrow.’
    • ‘One of the film's running jokes has his three children growing fat because of their love of junk food.’
    • ‘One of the film's funniest jokes is a running gag involving a car radio stuck on a 1980s soft rock revival station.’
    • ‘Then for the next fortnight it would be a running joke in the restaurant.’
    • ‘What started out as a convenient short-cut for the writers has become a running joke, at the show's expense.’
    • ‘The attempt to record the ever-changing audience will become one of the many running jokes that power the show.’
    • ‘Not only do the running expenses continue, but they usually increase in times of drought.’
    continuous, ongoing, sustained, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless, uninterrupted, constant, perpetual, unbroken
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1[postpositive]Consecutive; in succession.
      ‘he failed to produce an essay for the third week running’
      • ‘Those who are absent from classes for two weeks running or 50 class hours added up in one semester will be given a record of a demerit for misconduct.’
      • ‘The former gospel singer has held onto her number one spot for the second week running.’

Pronunciation:

running

/ˈrʌnɪŋ/