Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A person that runs, especially in a specified way:‘Mary was a fast runner’
- ‘I wasn't called the fastest runner in high school for nothing.’
- ‘He said as he thought he was the fastest runner.’
- ‘He was the fastest runner from his field at both distances, clocking 32 minutes, 43 seconds and 14 minutes, 22 seconds.’
- ‘He was extremely fit and is reputed to have been one of the fastest runners in the village and also regularly won local cycle races.’
- ‘He may not be the fastest runner next weekend, but he'll give it his best shot, rugby match or no rugby match.’
- ‘Being a fast runner, he soon left the two of them behind.’
- ‘I was a good runner, the fastest in the whole place.’
- ‘Matt and I are the fastest runners in this program.’
- ‘Ok so I was the fastest runner in school, but she doesn't have to know that.’
- ‘The fifth-grader, is an honor student, a member of the chess club and one of the school's fastest runners.’
- ‘The fastest runner completed the course in just 19 minutes and fourth home was a nine-year-old girl.’
- ‘He was well built because he always worked out, and probably one of the fastest runners at school.’
- ‘I was the fastest runner in gym class back where I came from.’
- ‘Anna was a fast runner, trying out for track in the spring.’
- ‘He was the fastest runner at school, he knew the maths and the grammar the best, and on the top of it, he could paint and draw better than me.’
- ‘I was quite a fast runner at school, and ran 100m in 12.9s.’
- ‘As stated at the start Barry wasn't the fastest runner from the Newry area.’
- ‘I plan to run the London Marathon when I am older, so though I am not a fast runner, I can run, and I have the determination to get through it.’
- ‘Madison was such a fast runner that ever since I can remember we begged her to try out for track, but she always turned us down.’
- ‘I had always been a fast runner, so it didn't take me very long to get into the park which was 2 blocks away.’
- 1.1 A person who runs competitively as a sport or hobby:‘a 400 metres runner’
- ‘Normally super-fit people, say marathon runners, have an average heart rate of 65.’
- ‘They had a couple of marathon runners, a boxer and a weightlifter.’
- ‘Imagine a marathon runner crossing the finish line and then being told he has to run an additional 10 miles - uphill.’
- ‘She swapped track for road, became a marathon runner, ran three marathons and won the lot.’
- ‘All runners will collect a souvenir memento, with trophies for the first three in each of the categories in the 10 km race.’
- ‘Jack was a runner; he used to go out every lunch time and even when he got ill he kept on with it for as long as he could.’
- ‘The runners are collecting sponsorship in time for the half-marathon next month.’
- ‘Every year the number of runners in this popular marathon increases.’
- ‘I had a doctor who was, or at least looked like, a marathon runner.’
- ‘My father, a marathon runner, taught me the basics of healthful eating.’
- ‘In the aftermath of the London marathon, many runners may be questioning whether their performance could have been improved by changing their pre-race diet.’
- ‘Over 130 runners finished the full marathon held in conjunction with a half distance event in a small East Anglian town.’
- ‘More than 800 marathon runners from overseas flew into the province for this run.’
- ‘For competitive marathon runners, this route is nevertheless considered a hard one.’
- ‘As the number of marathon runners, tennis players and athletes increases, so does the importance of sport-specific training.’
- ‘You can have great track, road and marathon runners all competing in the one race.’
- ‘People are never too old to exercise. There is an excellent research paper on marathon runners over 80!’
- ‘Nearly 500 runners tackled the course, which involved around 7,000 feet of climbing, and 404 made it to the finish.’
- ‘But one place that trendy diet doesn't belong is in the lives of athletes, whether they be marathon runners or weekend warriors.’
- ‘At the outset I assumed I would end up with two sprinters, two milers and two long-distance runners.’
- 1.2 A horse that runs in a particular race:‘there were only four runners’
- ‘Only six of the 260 runners declared at the five-day entry stage to run on August 22 had confirmed riders.’
- ‘The limit for the race is 20 runners so some horses could face being balloted out later in the week.’
- 1.3 A vehicle or machine that operates in a satisfactory or specified way:‘the van was a good and reliable runner’
- 1.4British informal A contender for a job or position:‘I am one among fifty runners for the job’‘the original runners for the Booker Prize’applicant, job applicant, job-seeker, prospective employeeView synonyms
- 1.5British informal An idea that has a chance of being accepted; a practical suggestion:‘trying to determine whether a tax on books is a runner’
- ‘As the feature on this page explains, this idea is a runner, if not an odds-on certainty.’
- 1.6Cricket A person who runs between the wickets for an injured batsman:‘he came in to bat with a runner’
- ‘However, a batsman who has opted for a runner cannot act as a runner for another batsman.’
- ‘However, he may bat with a runner and his contributions will be needed after Warwickshire struggled to 141 for 5.’
- 1.7 A messenger, collector, or agent for a bank, bookmaker, or similar.
messenger, courier, errand boy, messenger boyView synonyms
- ‘The runners, who collected taxes, delivered communications, and arrested and jailed criminals, belonged to a lower social class.’
- ‘The owners would send money or messages by means of a runner provided by their agent.’
- ‘However, they had no phone lines between their main bases and had to rely on runners to keep in contact with each other.’
- ‘Sammy had even heard of one agent who made his runners pick cotton on his farm as part of their ‘training.’’
- 1.8 An orderly in the army.
- ‘I'm sending runners from command post to commanders to get orders out to them.’
- 1.9British informal A freelance antiques dealer:‘‘runners’ who spend their time looking for good buys’trader, tradesman, tradesperson, merchant, salesman, saleswoman, salesperson, seller, buyer, buyer and seller, marketeer, merchandiser, distributor, supplier, vendor, shopkeeper, retailer, wholesaler, purveyor, marketer, trafficker, pedlar, hawkerView synonyms
2[in combination] A person who smuggles specified goods into or out of a country or area:‘a gun-runner’
3A rod, groove, or blade on which something slides.
- 3.1 Each of the long pieces on the underside of a sledge that forms the contact in sliding.
- ‘After a few hours of this we stopped to put the metal guide pins down through the sledge runners a notch or two deeper, so as to give more effective grip on the ice surface.’
- 3.2often runners A roller for moving a heavy article:‘the vegetable baskets were on runners’
- ‘The work to which the judge said he would return concerned the removal of a roller shutter and the runners to either side of it at the front of the shop.’
- 3.3 A ring capable of slipping or sliding along a strap or rod or through which something may be passed or drawn.
- ‘Space the runner along the rod so it drapes gently between the rings.’
- 3.4Nautical A rope in a single block with one end round a tackle block and the other having a hook.
- 3.1 Each of the long pieces on the underside of a sledge that forms the contact in sliding.
4A shoot, typically leafless, which grows from the base of a plant along the surface of the ground and can take root at points along its length:‘it's not always easy to find strawberry runners with good strong roots’
shoot, offshoot, sprout, tendril, sprig, suckerView synonyms
- ‘Admittedly they're not very big strawberries, but they taste nice, and the proper strawberry plants only ever seem to grow runners.’
- ‘Most warm-season grasses develop thatch, a spongelike layer of roots, runners, and grass blades just above the soil surface.’
- ‘Rent a power rake to cut through heavy thatch and runners of grasses such as Bermudagrass.’
- ‘They propagate easily; self-sowing and by underground runners, making this plant an easy keeper.’
- ‘Trim up overhanging foliage from surrounding plants and simultaneously cut back any stray grass runners before they take root in adjacent beds.’
- ‘Herbs that spread by runners are good candidates because they can be contained in the pot.’
- ‘Leave about 1 inch of pot rim above the soil surface to help discourage the runners from climbing out over the top.’
- ‘This way, plants can concentrate all of their energy on producing strong roots and far-stretching runners.’
- ‘It grows from seed, underground runners, or any teeny bit of root.’
- ‘Finally, the pupils used six tubs to plant strawberry runners.’
- ‘Where the plants were growing runners I pegged these down into potting compost with unbent paper clips and watered them.’
- ‘Pegged-down strawberry runners may be lifted now, severed from the parent plant and planted out.’
- ‘Buttercups have creeping runners that root at intervals and are almost as difficult to dislodge as dock.’
- 4.1 A plant that spreads by means of runners.
- ‘This spacing allows the runners to root and eventually form a matted row.’
- ‘Propagate strawberry plants once the crop is finished by pegging down a couple of runners from your best plants.’
- ‘In a nearby field his tomb is a threshing floor bordered by pawpaw trees, sugar cane, sweet potato runners.’
- ‘February is when city slickers prune their roses and fruit trees, cut back their blackberry vines, and tug up bamboo runners.’
- ‘Generally, the tropical bamboos tend to be clumpers and the temperate bamboos tend to be runners.’
- ‘For the same reason, avoid planting your runners in soil that has been used for growing potatoes the previous year.’
- ‘Some, called runners, spread exuberantly, and others are classified as clumpers, which slowly expands from the original planting.’
- 4.2 A twining plant.
5A long, narrow rug or strip of carpet, especially for a hall or stairway:‘a faded runner held in place with brass stair rods’
rug, carpet, druggetView synonyms
- ‘Andrei fell in a heap on the carpet runner, screening in pain and clutching his knee.’
- ‘Sliding down the hallway on a carpet runner, Scott came to a screeching halt beside his little sister and reached down to take her hand.’
- ‘The floor was still that gold flecked marble, but it also had a deep red carpet runner down the center.’
6A revolving millstone.
7archaic A police officer.See also Bow Street Runner
8see Indian runner
- ‘Earlier this month the sanctuary was called out to save two white runner ducks and in December they had to pick up three ducks from the same place.’
9A fast-swimming fish of the jack family, occurring in tropical seas.
- ‘They will catch a large variety of small fish which gather under a boat, such as blue runner, jacks and pilchards.’
- ‘Stopping on the way I cast a fly to a snapper which quickly grabbed hold, this was followed by a blue runner then a small barracuda which after one jump threw the hook.’
- ‘A lot of small fish will do the job - Spanish mackerel, bluefish - but the preferred bait is the blue runner, also called a hardtail.’
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