Definition of rump in English:



  • 1The hind part of the body of a mammal or the lower back of a bird.

    ‘the harrier is distinguished by its prominent white rump’
    ‘he slapped the horse on the rump’
    mass noun ‘a medium-rare slice of rump’
    • ‘All captive-bred reintroduced ferrets are tagged with two passive integrated transponder chips under the skin of their necks and rumps, and are therefore individually identifiable.’
    • ‘Gerrard slapped the horse on the rump, sending Pride into a quick trot.’
    • ‘Echimyids earn their common name because most species have spiny or bristly hairs at least on their backs and rumps.’
    • ‘The rest of the time pandas communicate through scent marking - rubbing scent-producing glands on their rumps against objects - a behavior also seen in captivity.’
    • ‘Braising is a cooking method usually used for tougher cuts of meat, such as pot roasts, rumps, shanks and ribs.’
    • ‘In flight, they show gray and white underwings, solid gray upperwings, white rumps, and gray tails.’
    • ‘It's very easy to tame and a very beautiful bird, with its snowy white rump and a chestnut coat.’
    • ‘They have a strongly undulating flight pattern, and they can be easily identified in flight by this pattern and their prominent white rumps.’
    • ‘First-year males typically have rusty heads and rumps, but are not as red overall as mature males.’
    • ‘For more than a generation it served up sumptuous T-bones, porterhouse and rumps to an ever-hungry clientele.’
    • ‘I had the rump of veal with garlic and almond crumb, truffle mash, crispy sweetbread and a Madeira sauce.’
    • ‘All yellowhammers have striking, rusty-coloured, unstreaked rumps which are most attractive.’
    • ‘The bramblings are readily distinguished by dazzling white rumps.’
    • ‘He grew up on a farm and had spent his share of time behind a plow staring at the rumps of horses.’
    • ‘Drifts of sea pinks coloured the soft grass of the cliff tops and house martins zipped by flashing their pure white rumps.’
    • ‘Deer with white rumps bounced over the road and bobbed up one flank and into conifers.’
    • ‘Females are lighter brown all over, with buff-colored mottling and gray rumps.’
    • ‘Their bellies and flanks are white, and their rumps are black.’
    • ‘Killdeers have brown upperparts, white underparts, and orange rumps.’
    • ‘Other mains - such as grilled marinated poussin with couscous, specialty bangers and mash, rump of lamb on a sweet-potato stack - are straightforward enough that I am confident they would be as good.’
    1. 1.1humorous A person's buttocks.
      ‘he removed his hand from Shirley's rump’
      • ‘The strong hand around his thick neck loosened and his rump landed on the ground.’
      • ‘He finally allows his eyes to wander over the rumps of his female colleagues.’
      • ‘We dive, tumble and slide on our rumps down a mud shoot.’
      • ‘Perhaps the end of our affair with TV chefs will mean we actually get off our rumps to make a bit more effort in the kitchen.’
      buttocks, behind, backside, rear, rear end, seat, haunches, cheeks
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  • 2A small or unimportant remnant of something originally larger.

    ‘once the profitable enterprises have been sold the unprofitable rump will be left’
    as modifier ‘the rump Yugoslavia’
    • ‘In a tranche of proposed constitutional reforms, it voted to remove hereditary peers from the House of Lords, with only a rump of 92 remaining in the year 2000.’
    • ‘The upshot will be a two-class university system, with elite institutions for those who can afford to pay, and poorly-funded rump universities for the rest.’
    • ‘No longer the center of an empire, it has become the impoverished capital of a monoglot rump state.’
    • ‘This rump business is involved in a High Court case and is valued by stockbrokers at only 10 cent per share.’
    • ‘Frantic efforts by the rump Soviet state to reform its armed forces and rebuild its shattered economy resulted in a remarkable revival in the later part of 1942.’
    • ‘Having been reduced to a rump of six seats in 1999, the Nationals have made a desperate bid for survival by refusing to sign a coalition agreement with the Liberals.’
    • ‘The misnamed Moderates, the right wing union faction that has dominated civil service unions for decades, are reduced to a rump with only four seats.’
    • ‘The party moved from a landslide majority with 400 seats in 1906 to a rump of 40 MPs just eighteen years later.’
    • ‘The rump states of Hungary and Austria survived, though their small size encouraged large-scale resentment and the rise of Fascism in subsequent years.’
    • ‘Meanwhile he ruled over a French rump state based in the spa town of Vichy.’
    • ‘Congress promises to resurrect both issues when it returns next week for a non-voting rump session.’
    • ‘He vacillates between serving a rump nationalist constituency and seeking closer ties with the international community.’
    • ‘All the men speak repeatedly of the dismemberment of Yugoslavia but only the Serbs continue to call their rump state by that name.’
    • ‘The rump was that part of the factory not modernised by new investment.’
    • ‘How many more defeats must there be before we realise there need to be fundamental changes in our approach or else the party will be reduced to a rump, not just in Scotland, but in Wales and the north of England?’
    • ‘It is not clear how seriously this matter - which has been raised in a rump session - is being taken.’
    • ‘A rump force of 200 is holed up in a town near the Iranian border.’
    • ‘David has tried to explain things, but unfortunately, there's a lot of people in our party who don't want things explained and there's a rump who won't face the facts of political life.’
    • ‘We are reliably informed that the Senate may take up the bill in its rump session, scheduled to start Tuesday.’
    • ‘The new Liberal Unionist group he attached himself to never made it up with the rump of the Liberal Party, and eventually allied with the Conservatives.’
    remainder, remaining number, remaining part, rest, remnant, remnants, remains
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    1. 2.1
      short for Rump Parliament


Late Middle English: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare with Danish and Norwegian rumpe ‘backside’.