Definition of rudiment in English:



  • 1the rudiments ofThe first principles of (a subject)

    ‘she taught the girls the rudiments of reading and writing’
    • ‘It neglects the fact that although the rudiments of a task can be picked up quite soon, skills take time to develop, and the process is inhibited by too many job changes, compulsory task rotations, or rapid staff turnover.’
    • ‘They were also taught the rudiments of direction.’
    • ‘They will be taught the rudiments of life saving so that in the event of an emergency they can help sustain life until paramedics arrive.’
    • ‘There is a regrettable paucity of training in the rudiments of security protocols or practices at the library.’
    • ‘In the past road safety initiatives focused on children's lack of experience and competence in dealing with traffic, and aspired to teach children the rudiments of dealing with a busy road.’
    • ‘‘Working with them helped me to know the rudiments of film-making,’ he says.’
    • ‘Drivers of such vehicles too have to be taught the rudiments of traffic discipline.’
    • ‘When the Laune Pipers' Band was founded in 1944 in Killorglin, it was decided to engage Peter to train the local boys in the rudiments of pipe playing.’
    • ‘It is hard to say what, beyond the rudiments of painting, Dou derived from his time with Rembrandt.’
    • ‘He taught them the rudiments of carpentry and construction as they put up a unit for poultry production.’
    • ‘In every village, in every nook and cranny, youths were taught the rudiments of the game by elders as a matter of course.’
    • ‘They are thus taught the rudiments of yoga, relaxation techniques and certain yoga exercises that can help improve memory and concentration.’
    • ‘There is no one better to teach the rudiments of the game than Matt.’
    • ‘I left with a fair understanding of the rudiments of dressmaking.’
    • ‘If you don't understand the rudiments of grammar you won't be able to deal with Shakespeare.’
    • ‘Teaching pupils the rudiments of double-blind tests, clinical trial methods and general principles of factoring studies for other influences would clear these scientific confusions.’
    • ‘The workshop will expose students to the rudiments of handling backstage activities such as sound and lighting effects.’
    • ‘One of the directors had someone teach Jayaraja the rudiments of camera work.’
    • ‘They might just about have grasped the rudiments of e-mail, but they haven't a clue about the new media.’
    • ‘In the biographers' accounts, the cardinal is cast as something of a second father figure, teaching the young Bernini the rudiments of literature even as his actual father taught him how to hold a drill.’
    basic principles, basics, fundamentals, elements, essentials, first principles
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    1. 1.1 An elementary or primitive form of (something)
      ‘the rudiments of a hot-water system’
      • ‘The inorganic sediments were covered with poorly decomposed fibric peat accumulations that contained well-preserved rudiments of earlier communities.’
      • ‘Singers and storytellers, the entertainers of those times, included dance in their performances, and created the rudiments of modern theatre, where dialogue takes precedence.’
      • ‘Using the indigenously available material, they have put together the rudiments of a ‘glider aircraft’, similar in function and style to the imported gliders used only by defence pilots in India.’
      • ‘Using just the rudiments of clothing, namely a scrap of fabric and a bit of thread, Berriolo conjured not the costume that covers the figure, but the figure itself, with playfulness and whimsy, but also with a sense of quest and discovery.’
      • ‘Based on careful observations, Darwin contended that many animals possess general concepts, some reasoning ability, rudiments of moral sentiments, and complex emotions.’
      basic principles, basics, fundamentals, elements, essentials, first principles
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  • 2Biology
    An undeveloped or immature part or organ, especially a structure in an embryo or larva which will develop into an organ, limb, etc.

    ‘the fetal lung rudiment’
    • ‘This initial pattern changes in larvae of the six and eight arms, when the juvenile rudiment is present.’
    • ‘Ichthyostega had seven digits in the feet and still retained some gill arch rudiments and fin rays in the tail.’
    • ‘It has rudiments of the limb girdles, but no fins.’
    • ‘All fetuses from whom the testis rudiment had been removed developed as though they were female, as also did those from whom the developing ovary was removed.’
    • ‘A small posterior element in this limb may be a rudiment of the fifth metacarpal.’
    rudimentary version, germ, nucleus, seed, root, source
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  • 3Music
    A basic pattern used by drummers, such as the roll, the flam, and the paradiddle.

    • ‘Jack knew enough about percussion to realise that the girl was methodically going through a set of rudiments.’
    • ‘Instruction in piano, voice, organ, string, brass, wind and percussion are available for beginners and masters, as well as classes in rudiments, composition and other theoretical subjects.’
    • ‘A team of 17 individuals assists the band with marching rudiments, choreography and in developing tight musical and visual components.’
    • ‘He flows like a slap bassist, performing exhausting rudiments in too-tight spaces with little grace and even less rhythm.’
    • ‘I was learning the rudiments - the drum rolls, the double bounces, the single bounces.’
    necessary condition, precondition, condition, essential, requirement, requisite, necessity, proviso, qualification, imperative, basic, obligation, duty
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Mid 16th century: from French, or from Latin rudimentum, from rudis ‘unwrought’, on the pattern of elementum ‘element’.