Main definitions of rout in English

: rout1rout2

rout1

noun

  • 1A disorderly retreat of defeated troops:

    ‘the retreat degenerated into a rout’
    • ‘For several days the troopers were forced to fall back in disgrace, Pelham's guns the only things keeping us from a spectacular rout.’
    • ‘Not long after, what had started as a careful retreat on the part of the Union became a disorganized rout.’
    • ‘In 1821 the Kakanfo's threat to Abomey and his capability to defend Oyo territory ended in his rout by the Dahomey army, and by 1830 Shabe had been razed and the cavalry no more to be seen.’
    • ‘From there I was able to ship the film to London for transmission before the temporary Egyptian victory turned into a rout.’
    • ‘The engagement is a rout and Nathan is captured.’
    • ‘Low morale among the soldiers had not been the cause of defeat, but it undoubtedly helped to turn defeat into rout.’
    • ‘The Mongols were very far from their bases, and any reverse could quickly turn into a rout.’
    • ‘We do not yet know whether different stages of a battle, such as the initial salvos, a fighting retreat and a rout, have different archaeological signatures.’
    • ‘Their retreat had been a rout, and thousands of fleeing refugees, the elderly, women and children, had been slaughtered mercilessly.’
    • ‘This important national anniversary was associated with Charles II hiding in an oak tree at Boscobel after the rout of his army at Worcester in September 1651.’
    • ‘The war ended in 1993 with the total rout of the Georgian army, and the flight of more than 200,000 Georgian and Mingrelian refugees into Georgia.’
    • ‘The situation came to a head in October 1917, with the rout of the Italian second army at Caporetto.’
    • ‘To Mike, he resembled a General observing the bloody rout of his foe.’
    • ‘The battle was turned into a rout as soldiers struggled to carry the king's body to the castle.’
    • ‘The doctor, bending over a wounded soldier, looked around and saw the rout beginning.’
    • ‘The Americans ran in total rout from the field, leaping over the stone walls off Lexington Green.’
    • ‘The rout is not a complete one, as the contingent of Lyran ships arrive in time to help cover the escape of the remains of the Lyrans' central attacking force.’
    • ‘He turned, his numb and shaking legs turning his retreat into a disordered rout.’
    • ‘A premature attack on Mountjoy's forces resulted in a rout by his cavalry and a long retreat back to Ulster through a hostile countryside.’
    disorderly retreat, retreat, flight, headlong flight
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A decisive defeat:
      ‘the party lost more than half their seats in the rout’
      • ‘So the shift toward Stoiber shows just how scared the CDU is of a rout in 2002.’
      • ‘Newry had further chances to complete the rout in the final five minutes of the match.’
      • ‘In the meantime, the challenge will be to stave off complacency toward reform now that chances for a rout at the polls suddenly seem remote.’
      • ‘With Cambridge finding it hard to settle into the game, a rout looked on the cards.’
      • ‘He blamed their electoral rout on the party MPs' neglect of their constituencies.’
      • ‘Jamie Wood added a fifth, and substitute Matt Woolf completed the rout with his first-ever goal for the Wands.’
      • ‘Stradbally had opened in whirlwind fashion and had two goals on the scoreboard as an expected rout began.’
      • ‘The rout began in the 18th minute when Blackburn scored the first of a three-goal salvo in nine minutes.’
      • ‘This Pacific division championship was followed by two decisive routs in the Canada West final four.’
      • ‘Australia eased to a second win at the World Cup with a 13-try rout against Romania.’
      • ‘Minnesota's offense showed improvement last week, with their quarterback leading a rout of the Saints.’
      • ‘Even while he was in the thick of the campaign, there were pointers to his party's rout in the 1991 General Election.’
      • ‘That assist was Scholes's last contribution to what is becoming a rout.’
      • ‘Not bothering to count, the referee halted the rout at 2: 51.’
      • ‘A goal by Ruud van Nistelrooy halted a rout at the Bernabeu.’
      • ‘Hornets scored with their first attack of the second half and a rout looked likely.’
      • ‘Despite her electoral rout, the masses, seduced by her silken eloquence into believing that Dr Karunanidhi and his men had been witch hunting her, stood solidly behind her.’
      • ‘The home side dug deep to prevent an expected rout.’
      • ‘He's the one most likely to minimise an electoral rout.’
      • ‘He took the lead in offering major concessions to municipal reformers in a desperate effort to prevent a complete rout.’
      crushing defeat, overwhelming defeat, defeat, trouncing, annihilation
      View synonyms
  • 2Law
    dated An assembly of people who have made a move towards committing an illegal act which would constitute an offence of riot.

    1. 2.1archaic A disorderly or tumultuous crowd of people:
      ‘a rout of strangers ought not to be admitted’
  • 3archaic A large evening party or reception.

    • ‘Especially when grand balls, I'm not even mentioning the more intimate routs or soirées, are held just weeks apart.’
    • ‘Which of the various routs and balls and musicales would afford her the best chance to find a husband?’
    • ‘I intend to live to be a hundred, and to go to ten thousand routs and balls, and to play cards every night of my life till the year eighteen hundred [it is currently 1712].’
  • 4rare A pack of wolves:

    ‘a rout of wolves consumed the last of the carcass’
    • ‘The rout of wolves closes in around us.’
    • ‘He imagines he's being chased by a rout of wolves.’
    • ‘He had to find a rout of wolves and travel with them for a bit.’
    • ‘He prepared to ignite the sticks as the rout of wolves came near.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Defeat and cause to retreat in disorder:

    ‘in a matter of minutes the attackers were routed’
    • ‘By the end of the war, living memorial advocates could claim a rhetorical victory, having routed their opponents, if only in pure word volume.’
    • ‘At the end the hero routs the heavy villain with a martial expertise.’
    • ‘He had excelled in every single mission that had been assigned to him, from routing bandits to training whole divisions of new recruits to aid in the war.’
    • ‘‘We went from full-on desperation to routing the enemy in under ten minutes,’ I say, mostly to convince myself that that is what had occurred.’
    • ‘The Federals, caught out of formation, were routed and were soon in retreat, abandoning their standards and hundreds of prisoners.’
    • ‘In this game, you cannot charge regiments into another, although a combat formation is supposed to help increase your chances of routing the other unit.’
    • ‘In France, Henry unexpectedly routs a vastly superior French army at Agincourt and wins the heart of a French princess.’
    • ‘Routing those that came out of Capua against them, and thus procuring a quantity of proper soldiers' arms, they gladly threw away their own as barbarous and dishonourable.’
    • ‘The political power and territorial control of Muscovy expanded greatly under the four-decade reign of Ivan III, who died in 1505 after routing the Mongol armies.’
    • ‘Lord Mountjoy replaced him in Ireland, reducing the Gaelic chiefs to submission and routing a Spanish invasion force in 1601.’
    • ‘Distrust and self-interest made them stand by as they routed one army after another.’
    • ‘Sensing that his armies would be routed, Ethelred conjured up a scheme to prevent them from facing the enemy head on.’
    • ‘The Philistines fought a battle against Israel, and the men of Israel were routed, leaving their dead on Mount Gilboa.’
    put to flight, put to rout, drive off, dispel, scatter
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: ultimately based on Latin ruptus broken, from the verb rumpere; sense 1 and the verb ( late 16th century) are from obsolete French route, probably from Italian rotta break-up of an army; the other senses are via Anglo-Norman French rute.

Pronunciation:

rout

/raʊt/

Main definitions of rout in English

: rout1rout2

rout2

verb

  • 1[with object] Cut a groove, or any pattern not extending to the edges, in (a wooden or metal surface):

    ‘you routed each plank all along its length’
  • 2dialect [no object] (of an animal) turn up ground with its snout in search of food.

    1. 2.1 Rummage about.
  • 3[with object] Find (someone or something), or force them from a place:

    ‘Simon routed him from the stable’
    • ‘When the coalition routed the ALP to win office after 13 years in opposition, the party ran a brilliant, centrally conducted campaign.’
    • ‘They implored prelates to observe vigilantly all sacerdotal activities in order to secure the subservience of priests and to rout out rebels and rogues.’
    • ‘To rout this pest, scientists at the labs from coast to coast are making the sharpshooter and the Xylella microbe the focus of ambitious new studies.’
    • ‘As a matter of fact, he was completely baffled on how to rout a person that wields luck.’
    • ‘Weather looks like chance, but some think it's a malign force determined to rout them.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in rout): alteration of the verb root. rout dates from the early 19th century.

Pronunciation:

rout

/raʊt/