Main definitions of roost in English

: roost1roost2

roost1

noun

  • A place where birds regularly settle or congregate to rest at night, or where bats congregate to rest in the day.

    ‘birds were hurrying to their evening roosts’
    • ‘Shadows fluttered against the sunset as a few late birds fluttered to their roosts in the trees.’
    • ‘Evening counts of bats leaving the roosts ranged from 4 to 120 bats (probably more than one species roosted together).’
    • ‘What would happen if a blackbird laid two eggs, one ending up in a condor's roost while the other lands in a human's egg basket?’
    • ‘I heard a gobbler come out of its roost to join the birds welcoming in the dawn.’
    • ‘Birds with permanent roosts became the couple's rather more distant but equally delightful acquaintances.’
    • ‘A bald eagle glides by en route to its evening roost on the branch of a cottonwood tree.’
    • ‘Winter roost sites used by between 20 and 40 bald eagles were damaged; in all, 40 animal and plant species in the immediate area saw their habitat damaged or destroyed by the fire.’
    • ‘Before anyone else could say anything, the door burst open and the birds all screeched and flew to the top of the roost.’
    • ‘They are highly social birds, often gathering in the evenings, except during nesting season, in large roosts that sometimes harbor hundreds of birds.’
    • ‘Chickens looked down on us from their roost in the branches of a mango tree.’
    • ‘In non-breeding season, starlings form large flocks capable of much noise and, well, let's just say you don't want to park your car under one of their roosts.’
    • ‘Bats are generally faithful to their roosts and a colony may use the same site year after year.’
    • ‘Turkeys will change roost locations depending on where they stopped feeding for the day, but sometimes they will return to the same roost locations.’
    • ‘A great place to observe crows is at their winter roosts, which may range in size from hundreds or thousands to more than a million birds.’
    • ‘High concentrations of the organism can be found in bird roosts, caves inhabited by bats, school yards, areas with rotten or decaying wood, and chicken coops.’
    • ‘As the booms and bangs from the fireworks continued, thousands of startled birds, awoken prematurely from their roosts beneath bridges and enclaves in nearby buildings, dived and swerved to avoid the onlookers.’
    • ‘We hope the future will be one of plentiful, continuous, and widespread resources and undisturbed roosts for the welfare of our shared bat species, ecosystems, and ecological processes.’
    • ‘He couldn't wait to get back to school so that he could tell his friends all about the bat roost in his house.’
    • ‘Other ecological issues raised include the loss of hedgerows, bat roosts and habitats/feeding sites for various other species of birds and animals of conservation concern…’
    • ‘Vandals have destroyed entire colonies in minutes, and urban expansion has eliminated thousands of natural roosts in caves and forests.’
    pole, rod, branch, roost, rest, resting place
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verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • (of a bird or bat) settle or congregate for rest or sleep.

    ‘migrating martins and swallows were settling to roost’
    • ‘I hesitated outside, listening to the spooky sounds of the pigeons roosting under the roof, but my dinner companions called me a coward and yanked open the door.’
    • ‘Our turkeys roost on our roof - and we do see tracks - huge ones!’
    • ‘A great winter flock of starlings roosted in the trees around the clearing.’
    • ‘During winter, these birds roost and forage on beaches, dunes, and sandy and muddy flats of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts.’
    • ‘All the big trees that the bats are roosting on now are to be covered by nets to prevent birds from flying out of the new aviary.’
    • ‘At night, they feed on the birds as they roost or nest.’
    • ‘It is a great feeling to see the birds roosting, the bees gathering honey… We follow the bee's path.’
    • ‘Flocks of pigeons, disturbed from where they roosted on nests built seemingly in every available nook carved into the stone archways above, exploded into the air and began circling the towers in a sweeping rush of wings.’
    • ‘And everyone understands how it feels to watch birds coming in to roost as a sky darkens.’
    • ‘Birds roosted in the gables and in the huge old trees around the property.’
    • ‘Some of them roost so very close together, and other birds like the curlews like roosting about a metre apart.’
    • ‘The eagles tend to roost in huge ponderosas in northeast-facing canyons among the hills that dot Wyoming's mile-high prairies.’
    • ‘Pigeons that roost in this 16th century temple have been hit by a mysterious disease, killing more than 2,000 of them in one week.’
    • ‘The young bird either roosts with its parents, perched in between them, or by itself some distance away.’
    • ‘It talks about how many acres of wetlands it preserves, the biodiversity studies it funds, or the endangered species that roost on its properties.’
    • ‘Faced with the blank white page, I tried to visualize the knoll where I sat, gazing across a broad area of the river to a point where some birds were roosting.’
    • ‘Besides a house and a tool shed, the other building on their small acreage was a chicken coop where the egg-laying hens roosted.’
    • ‘Many birds like to feed in open areas but need protective cover to roost, nest, and raise their young.’
    • ‘He spread his wings and flew to a tree, roosting on a branch.’
    • ‘The birds roosted in contaminated buildings and then flew through holes in the roofs to a garden in a nearby village where they were fed by bird-lovers.’
    land, come down, come to rest, touch down, light, arrive, descend
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Phrases

  • come home to roost

    • (of an action in the past) have an unexpected adverse consequence for the person responsible.

      ‘for the overextended borrowers, the chickens have come home to roost’
      • ‘The comment has been made (and I simply do not know whether it has any validity) is that some people saw the chickens coming home to roost, and got out in good time.’
      • ‘Now that the chickens of the liberalised regime are coming home to roost, the employment situation looks like it can get worse.’
      • ‘The chickens are coming home to roost and even the inflated stock market is having a hard time avoiding the flurry of feathers.’
      • ‘Seems like a clear case of chickens coming home to roost, most unhappily for those like the old or handicapped who will now be left wanting.’
      • ‘For the Florida Governor, the educational chickens have come home to roost.’
      • ‘Everywhere the chickens released by the government's private finance initiative are not so much coming home to roost as crashing into the henhouse and sliding down the wall in a heap of blood and feathers.’
      • ‘But, in the end, this Illusion was dangerous and self-defeating - speculation-induced market distortions coming home to roost.’
      • ‘Your greed and power lust are now coming home to roost.’
      • ‘He may soon join the rogues' gallery of aging racists for whom the chickens have come home to roost.’
      • ‘But if we wait until they have thoroughly ravaged the rest of the world, there will be no one left to show solidarity with us when the chickens come home to roost.’
      • ‘But while we seem to have averted a large economic slowdown, we've done so only by creating massive imbalances, a whole bunch of chickens that will eventually be coming home to roost.’

Origin

Old English hrōst, related to Dutch roest; of unknown ultimate origin.

Pronunciation

roost

/ruːst/

Main definitions of roost in English

: roost1roost2

roost2

noun

  • (in the Orkneys and Shetlands) a tidal race.

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Old Norse rǫst.

Pronunciation

roost

/ruːst/