Definition of Rome in English:

Rome

proper noun

  • 1The capital of Italy and of the Lazio region, situated on the River Tiber about 25 km (16 miles) inland; population 2,724,347 (2008).

    Italian name Roma
    1. 1.1 Used allusively to refer to the Roman Catholic Church.

According to tradition the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 BC on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Esquiline, Quirinal, and Viminal). Rome was ruled by kings until the expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus in 510 BC led to the establishment of the Roman Republic. By the mid 2nd century BC Rome had subdued the whole of Italy and had come to dominate the western Mediterranean and the Hellenistic world in the east, acquiring the first of the overseas possessions that became the Roman Empire. By the time of the empire's fall the city was overshadowed politically by Constantinople, but emerged as the seat of the papacy and as the spiritual capital of Western Christianity. In the 14th and 15th centuries Rome became a centre of the Renaissance. It remained under papal control, forming part of the Papal States, until 1871, when it was made the capital of a unified Italy

Phrases

  • all roads lead to Rome

    • proverb There are many different ways of reaching the same goal or conclusion.

      • ‘As all roads lead to Rome so will all questions will lead back to those technical documents that he hasn't read.’
      • ‘Ants have a road network like the Romans; all roads lead to Rome.’
      • ‘Just as all roads lead to Rome, I decided to join the largest throng.’
  • Rome was not built in a day

    • proverb A complex task is bound to take a long time and should not be rushed.

      • ‘He added: ‘We are as aware as anyone of those areas that have not reached their targets but Rome was not built in a day.’’
      • ‘They ought to be aware that Rome was not built in a day and realise that what they failed to achieve in the ended negotiations can always be addressed in the next round scheduled to begin as early as May.’
      • ‘As one analyst concluded, ‘We should recall that Rome was not built in a day, and note in the context of the Gulf monarchies that reform from above is still a far preferable route to change than revolution from below.’’
      • ‘No results in the beginning, Rome was not built in a day.’
  • when in Rome (do as the Romans do)

    • proverb When abroad or in an unfamiliar environment you should adopt the customs or behaviour of those around you.

      • ‘Had a proper good night here - music is not what I would normally admit to dancing to but when in Rome and all that - drinks are expensive but this is Stockholm but in general a top night!’
      • ‘In Ireland 1am is not a time when one would take to the water but it was a case of when in Rome, do as the Roman's do, and so many of the group had a sample dip in the warm Atlantic, before heading home to their host families.’
      • ‘As I winced inwardly at her brightness, I resolved that, when in Rome, do as the Romans do, and introduced myself with a wide grin.’
      • ‘As they always say, when in Rome do as the Romans do… and being part of Australia, to me, means accepting and partaking in the majority Australian culture (yes we do have a culture, despite what multiculturalists say).’
      • ‘I certainly believe when in Rome should apply when they come to live here.’
      • ‘Where we come from, Jonathon, you have to be 21 to drink alcohol-but I say, when in Rome do as the Romans do!’
      • ‘‘I am a loyal Russian citizen… but when in Rome, do what the Romans do,’ she said.’

Pronunciation

Rome

/rəʊm/