Definition of roast in English:



  • 1Cook (food, especially meat) by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire.

    ‘she was going to roast a leg of mutton for Sunday dinner’
    ‘roasted chestnuts’
    • ‘Dairy-based dips have also become more flavor-diverse, incorporating ingredients such as roasted garlic and chipotle peppers.’
    • ‘But when the Peking duck arrives, he at last focuses on the food and watches in admiration as the waiters carve the roasted bird.’
    • ‘Summer fruits are perfect as well as nuts, fresh roasted corn on the cob, homemade sweets, pies and cookies.’
    • ‘He clutches a bag of roasted peanuts in one hand.’
    • ‘There were a few minutes of silence while they were all roasting their marshmallows.’
    • ‘Things were cooked in pans on racks over open fires, and meat was roasted on spits.’
    • ‘They mix several flavors to bring consumers chocolate and pistachio ice creams with fudge-covered almonds and lightly roasted pistachios.’
    • ‘Menu trends often highlight roasted garlic, and the fiery food trend that has swept the nation has caused hot peppers to become well known to many consumers.’
    • ‘Maybe we'll even roast some marshmallows when the coals get low enough.’
    • ‘The pages for January show children sledding with homemade wooden sleds, roasting apples over an open fire and pulling taffy.’
    • ‘Paul and Kat run back to camp and roast the goose.’
    • ‘You can boil it or roast it over the fire, as you like.’
    • ‘Natural sweetness, luscious texture and deep succulent flavor are the hallmarks of slowly roasted meats.’
    • ‘He proves it by roasting a joint of Middle White pork and one from a supermarket - and Helen has the pleasure of sampling the crunchy crackling and tender meat of the old breed of pig.’
    • ‘The company recently launched its line of blanched and roasted organic almonds.’
    • ‘Niko's boasts an enormous menu with everything from roasted fish, to brick-oven pizzas.’
    • ‘Linwe chewed contentedly, her chicken roasted to perfection.’
    • ‘Put it in the fridge to set, then use it for roasting potatoes.’
    • ‘For instance, dips may contain chiles other than the familiar jalapeño, such as the chipotle (a smoked jalapeño) or habeñero type, or roasted vegetables such as onion, garlic or tomato.’
    • ‘He may even know how to roast a succulent, spicy chicken.’
    cook, bake, grill
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object](of food) be cooked by roasting.
      ‘she checked the meat roasting in the oven for lunch’
      • ‘But it is a bit like being at an exotic locale, sitting on the beach with the pig roasting in the pit in front of you, listening to the local ‘tribal chief’ tell yarns about the natives.’
      • ‘Within minutes the two fowl were roasting slowly over the flames.’
      • ‘Lighter asked the question, gesturing to the meat roasting on the fire.’
      • ‘By the time a slab of venison was roasting over the coals it was a glowing, glossy tan.’
      • ‘We were avoided by all the staff we saw and astonished at the lavish spread laid out for brunch, including an enormous cow on a spit, roasting in preparation for the evening's event.’
      • ‘Oval, with smooth, white-to-buff skin and white flesh, these are ideal for roasting, steaming, or boiling.’
      • ‘An old woman churns butter, while a woman in the foreground prepares a fowl for roasting and a third man spits a chicken at the far right.’
      • ‘And being the over-the-top Chinese parents they are, they had a whole suckling pig roasting on a spit.’
      • ‘After the lamb has been roasting for an hour, open the oven and add potatoes and white onions.’
      • ‘They all climbed down and hurried back to their fires where meat was roasting tenderly.’
    2. 1.2Process (a foodstuff, metal ore, etc.) by subjecting it to intense heat.
      ‘decaffeinated coffee beans are roasted and ground’
      • ‘For example, California-based JBR Gourmet Foods roasts 15 million pounds of coffee each year.’
      • ‘Havana roasts some good beans, and the baristas know what to do with them.’
      • ‘Just feeding moldy grain isn't a wise idea, but moldy grain can be roasted, sprouted grain can be dried, and baleage can be made if you can't get hay dry.’
      • ‘My company roasts coffee for grocery stores and espresso shops and has sales of nearly $1 million.’
      • ‘The cereals are ground, then roasted or fried, and stored for future use.’
      • ‘He gave her seeds for the variety, and told her to roast the plant's seeds and grind them for a caffeine-free coffee substitute.’
      • ‘In celebration of having company, we roasted coffee beans over an open fire in the afternoon.’
      • ‘They usually remove the shells before roasting the ‘nib,’ which is the remaining portion of the bean.’
      • ‘With good organization and cooperation, the group will successfully process and market their high-quality, rainy season coffee to Europe and the US, where it will be roasted and sold.’
      • ‘I love the smell of freshly roasted and ground arabic beans, or perfectly extracted espresso.’
      • ‘I've had a call with a client saying, ‘We want to know that roasting cocoa beans will kill salmonella.’’
      • ‘She is not only a coffee researcher, but also a coffee fan who collects beans during vacations and roasts the precious commodity to perfection.’
      • ‘San Francisco Roasting Company is one of the only coffee houses in Atlanta that roasts all of its coffee on the premises.’
    3. 1.3Make or become very warm, especially through exposure to the heat of the sun or a fire.
      [with object] ‘the fire was hot enough to roast anyone who stood close to it’
      [no object] ‘Jessica could feel her face begin to roast’
      • ‘As we witness the people of Xenon, their houses destroyed by the battle and nearly roasted by a volcano, we are supposed to feel pity for these gamers and the loss of the computer system that caused the destruction.’
      • ‘On Monday I got roasted in the sun in Taunton.’
  • 2informal Criticize or reprimand severely.

    ‘if you waste his time he'll roast you’
    • ‘This is a movie whose brain belongs in its pants, and which deserves to be roasted for the turkey it truly is.’
    • ‘Some of the edgier, underground-variety indie films released by Phaedra were roasted by the critics.’
    • ‘He is roasted as often as he is sainted, as when these actors discuss their estrangement from him.’
    criticize, censure, condemn, castigate, chastise, lambaste, pillory, savage, find fault with, fulminate against, abuse
    View synonyms
  • 3North American informal Tease in a good-natured way.

    • ‘There's nothing better than seeing a celebrity get roasted, especially by a master such as Groucho.’


  • [attributive] (of food) having been roasted.

    ‘a plate of cold roast beef’
    • ‘I can manage the odd bowl of mash or a couple of roast potatoes.’
    • ‘Floyd had a roast lamb in the oven, and it was done.’
    • ‘The conversation ended as he began to eat the roast duck and cook vegetables.’
    • ‘They gather driftwood for fuel and share a dinner of roast pigeons and boiled samphire.’
    • ‘To the English, crackling is a standard part of a meal involving roast pork.’
    • ‘The Dining Room offers a set menu, in which every table gets its own whole roast turkey.’
    • ‘He knew exactly what he wanted: soup of the day and roast chicken.’
    • ‘The guardians must not get drunk and must have a simple diet, consisting of roast meat, and no sweets.’
    • ‘She made apple tart, apple crumble, and roast pork with apple sauce.’
    • ‘First they came over for dinner and we once again had delicious roast chicken.’
    • ‘There is something infinitely satisfying and basic to sitting down to a table laden with roast chicken, cornbread, potatoes, asparagus and raspberries.’
    • ‘Do the same for roast potatoes by quartering them instead.’
    • ‘In 1990s England, where chicken tikka masala has outstripped roast beef and Yorkshire pudding in popularity, Hogwarts exists in its own time warp.’
    • ‘"The secret to really crisp roast potatoes is to choose a suitable variety such as king Edwards.’
    • ‘Restaurants in the hotel were the first to provide authentic Beijing cuisine such as roast duck and precious royal dishes.’
    • ‘In return he cooked me a wonderful roast chicken followed by yummy Xmas pudding.’
    • ‘Sundays would be the day that I properly cook something traditional like roast lamb.’
    • ‘As a young chef arrives bearing dainty bowls of roast pumpkin soup, Gordon explains how the dish was prepared to concentrate the flavour.’
    • ‘The restaurant's special roast chicken is flash-fried, then served under a blizzard of fried garlic stems, and tastes like a poor man's rendition of Peking duck.’
    • ‘Myrtle leaves are used in Mediterranean countries to flavour roast pork and small birds.’


  • 1A joint of meat that has been roasted or that is intended for roasting.

    ‘carving the Sunday roast’
    • ‘He loaded me up with six dozen huge brown eggs, a jar of homemade pear jam, and three packages of steaks and roasts - all in exchange for driving him.’
    • ‘Conversely, consumers were more likely to shop at supermarkets when purchasing roasts than other meat products.’
    • ‘Sear each side of the roast for two minutes or until golden brown.’
    • ‘The chef would prepare a marinated roast with whipped potatoes and French cut green beans.’
    • ‘When Delia takes David home to meet the family, pork roast is on the menu.’
    • ‘Now the industry is offering consumers a good-tasting roast that is mircowaveable in seven minutes and has potatoes and carrots with it, he said.’
    • ‘‘The strong economy has allowed a lot more people to switch from the roasts and hamburger to higher-end cuts,’ Orn says.’
    • ‘If you want ground beef, buy boneless roasts and have your butcher grind them or grind them yourself.’
    • ‘He would sharpen a knife for a full five minutes before carving the roast.’
    • ‘I would answer your question with the scene in which Angela burns the roast she was preparing for dinner.’
    • ‘For best quality, cook ground bison within two days of purchase, and steaks and roasts within three to five days.’
    • ‘The refrigerated pre-cooked roasts can be microwaved in minutes.’
    • ‘Push the vegetables from the skewers and arrange them around the lamb loin roast.’
    • ‘They also found that higher levels of marbling were preferred for loin steaks but discounted in chuck roasts.’
    • ‘Season the pork roast with the 1 tsp. cumin, salt and pepper.’
    • ‘Featured under this brand are steaks, roasts, ground meat, patties and prepared chili.’
    • ‘Brown all sides of the roast in shallow roasting pan on low to medium heat.’
    • ‘Immediately, the smell of a delicious roast filled the room.’
    • ‘The beef we eat, like steaks, roasts and ground beef, is safe.’
    • ‘At the festival, the neighboring farm families brought delicious roasts and vegetables and pies and cakes and lemonade.’
    1. 1.1[mass noun]The process of roasting something, especially coffee, or the result of this.
      ‘the roast is stopped when the colour is moderately dark brown’
      [in singular] ‘round beans give a more even roast than the usual split beans’
      • ‘A nice dark roast, I could tell the beans were fresh as soon as I opened the package.’
      • ‘The characteristic flavor of the coffee is dependent on its origin and the degree of roast.’
    2. 1.2[with adjective]A particular type of roasted coffee.
      ‘continental roasts’
      • ‘As a matter of fact, on Good Morning America recently, Eight O'Clock Coffee beat some of the more expensive roasts out there.’
      • ‘On the roasted side, a medium roast will have a mellow or mild flavor impact, while a dark roast will be rich and heavier.’
      • ‘There were no cappuccinos, no macchiatos, not even a simple cup of French roast.’
    3. 1.3An outdoor party at which meat is roasted.
      ‘Harold put on a terrific pig roast’
      • ‘Let's say an enemy has invited all your gang to a weenie roast, and you want to sabotage the picnic.’
      • ‘We can have big weenie roasts as the music plays and artists paint.’
      • ‘The tour will be followed at 5 p.m. by a hog roast with baked beans and dessert.’
      • ‘That afternoon, I end up at a Boucherie - a stereotypically Cajun outdoor hog roast - in the woods, among local huntsmen and their families.’
      • ‘Nearby at the present fire station some of the firefighters ran a barbecue and hog roast.’
      • ‘Live music and a pig roast are other attractions that draw large crowds to The Carew.’
      meal cooked outdoors, … roast
      View synonyms


Middle English: from Old French rostir, of West Germanic origin.