One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1North American A cockroach.
- ‘A roach crawled out from under the bed, making her scream.’
- ‘For your gaming pleasure, a whole new assortment of mutant insects have been created including killer roaches, acid-shooting houseflies and fire ants.’
- ‘He was certain there were roaches scurrying about.’
- ‘I see a roach making its way toward the closet door.’
- ‘She told me that he refused to kill roaches and that she had seen them walking in and out of his sugar bowl.’
- ‘And they've also found two new mutations that make the roaches more resistant to pyrethroid and related insecticides.’
- ‘When I was a graduate student, the room we were staying in had roaches.’
- ‘Wouldn't you at least make the slightest noise when there's a roach climbing up your leg?’
- ‘At the back of the drainboard, smack in the middle of the dishcloth, a small brown roach waved his antennae sluggishly-sick, no doubt, confusing his nights and days.’
- ‘Pizza boxes would be kicked to knock out the roaches and the mice droppings before being used for a delivery.’
- ‘Sofia tells them about the horrid and rancid conditions in which she lives, with fleas, vermin, roaches, and about her job cleaning the dirty sheets.’
- ‘All we could see was a small roach crawling up the wall.’
- ‘But once we started asking questions, none of those women would say that they had ever had pests, rodents, or roaches in their homes.’
2A roll of card or paper that forms the butt of a cannabis cigarette.
- ‘I went from car to car in the lot, going up to people's windows when they pulled in, even people I didn't know, but nobody even had a roach.’
Early 19th century: shortening of cockroach; roach (sense 2) dates from the 1930s and may represent a different word.
An edible Eurasian freshwater fish of the carp family, popular with anglers. It can hybridize with related fishes, notably rudd and bream.
Rutilus rutilus, family Cyprinidae
- ‘Both had a single bream plus plenty of small roach on feeder tactics.’
- ‘I caught another two nice roach before catching a few bream up to over five pounds.’
- ‘I had had about 10 good quality roach when I struck into a real fly away bite.’
- ‘I loved to fish there and caught roach and perch as well as the odd boot.’
- ‘A shoal of small roach will appear as a black cloud suspended in mid water.’
Middle English: from Old French roche, of unknown ultimate origin.
A curved part of a fore-and-aft sail extending beyond a straight line between any two of its three corners, especially on the leech side.‘full-length battens permit a more pronounced roach’
Late 18th century: of unknown origin.
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