Main definitions of rib in English

: rib1RIB2

rib1

noun

  • 1Each of a series of slender curved bones articulated in pairs to the spine (twelve pairs in humans), protecting the thoracic cavity and its organs.

    ‘he had several broken ribs’
    • ‘Miss Gomersall, whose injuries included a broken jaw and a fractured collar bone, ribs and pelvis, could not remember anything about the crash.’
    • ‘She slowly stood, rubbing her bruised ribs and glaring at the man.’
    • ‘Rudy cried out in anguish as he stood and touched his sore ribs.’
    • ‘In rare cases the first thoracic rib may be rudimentary and similar in appearance to cervical ribs.’
    • ‘As it was, he survived with a broken jaw, ribs and collar bone.’
    • ‘They eased the car away from the wall and released Mrs Rollinson, who suffered a collapsed lung, a broken collar bone, broken ribs and a deep gash in her leg.’
    • ‘He could even feel a few broken ribs through her ripped and tattered clothing.’
    • ‘While rehabilitating the rib cage injury, he suffered a strained right hamstring.’
    • ‘He had walked into a clearing, where the remains of a circle of scorched tents stuck out like the ribs of an animal long dead.’
    • ‘His arms are thrust backwards, and one can see his ribs protruding from his front.’
    • ‘The singer should breathe silently and deeply, experiencing expansion around the lower ribs.’
    • ‘She suffered three cracked ribs, a broken collarbone and a broken hand.’
    • ‘A fracture of the left lower ribs may damage the spleen.’
    • ‘Livingston not only fell off during her steer riding event but fractured a rib when the animal stepped on her.’
    • ‘There was evidence of osteomyelitis of the left fibula, healed rib fractures and healed jaw lesions.’
    • ‘Cindy blinked at this and nudged her gently in her ribs with her elbow.’
    • ‘C Einar Diaz is playing with a cracked rib on his left side.’
    • ‘The thoracic ribs are long and relatively uncurved distally, suggesting a deep body.’
    • ‘The team also discovered parts of a thigh bone, ribs, vertebrae, a collarbone, pelvis and shoulder blade.’
    • ‘To cap his year, Partridge fractured a rib in a surfing accident just as he was returning to training.’
    1. 1.1 A rib of an animal with meat adhering to it used as food; a joint consisting of animal ribs.
      ‘a lunch of ribs, wings, and blueberry pie’
      mass noun ‘1,300 lb of beef rib’
      • ‘When looking for tender cuts of meat, choose meat labeled loin or rib.’
      • ‘The elusive jumbo prawns, barbecued chicken and pork spare ribs are monsoon specials.’
      • ‘Of the 70 percent of sales that represent food, Karzas says easily 65 percent is barbecued ribs.’
      • ‘Besides tasting great with chips, it's perfect alongside barbecued burgers, ribs, or other meats.’
      • ‘Stick with lean cuts like sirloin or flank steak, and avoid ribs and ground beef.’
      • ‘I am keen on the idea of a wing rib of beef, after all it is the traditional Christmas day dish.’
      • ‘Faced with kilograms of leftover, beautifully cooked rare beef, the very heart of the rib, I kept dreaming of the meals I was about to have from it.’
      • ‘Chewing pork ribs with meat that falls off the bone, glazed in a finger-licking sticky sauce, is one of the pleasures I enjoy on holiday.’
      • ‘Despite a few culinary missteps, this Ridge Avenue barbecue joint knows its ribs.’
      • ‘Here is a barbecued prime rib that's perfect for a small family.’
      • ‘Another dish available but not tried includes grilled tuna with ginger soy sauce and wasabi and boneless beef ribs, both of which are said to be popular orders.’
      • ‘Place the beef ribs, onion, celery and bay leaves in a large pot.’
      • ‘In all cases, however, meat from the area where the ribs join the backbone, between the shoulders and the hip of the animal, is most important.’
      • ‘By night, two-step under the stars and fill up on BBQ ribs.’
      • ‘Discard the vegetables and bones, or if you're using beef ribs, remove the meat before discarding the bones.’
      • ‘Anderson grew up in Chicago where his appreciation for ribs came from the food served by street corner vendors.’
      • ‘I have every confidence that the Billingsgate fish pie, rib of beef forestière and lobster in bisque would have been equally competently done.’
      • ‘Main courses include beef kebabs, roasted chicken, prime rib of beef and a surf and turf platter.’
      • ‘The meat on the ribs was tender, the sauce was brown and sticky, but they would've been infinitely more satisfying served hot.’
      • ‘For the barbecue, stock up on steaks, chops, spicy merguez sausages and ribs.’
  • 2A long raised piece of strengthening or supporting material.

    • ‘All of the ribs and other components known as Knees were cut from the curved parts of the trees where a branch met the trunk.’
    • ‘Green hardwood battens were then attached to the ribs, forming fixing points for the narrow steel shingles.’
    • ‘This boat then had 11 ribs added to strengthen the hull.’
    • ‘Structurally we need a solid rib or two to attach the aerodynamic controls to the leading edge.’
    • ‘With the clamps in place, you'll see where the ribs must be attached.’
    • ‘The rib was then raised into position, and pulled sideways to connect to the dovetails on the cross supports.’
    • ‘The oil pan, exhaust manifolds and transmission housing have been reinforced with ribs for added strength.’
    • ‘At this point, the ribs were permanently reinstalled and stringers were cut.’
    • ‘The roof was made from exterior oak trusses covered in lead while the original ceiling was of medieval construction with oak ribs and bosses and panels between of thin oak boarding.’
    1. 2.1Architecture A curved member supporting a vault or defining its form.
      ‘stone is used only for ribs, piers, and windows’
      as modifier ‘a rib vault’
      • ‘Aalto's trademark ribs of cobalt blue tiles impart a lively rhythm to the angled wall that faces the bank of elevators.’
      • ‘The sloped skylight is supported by laminated-glass structural ribs and is strong enough to support the weight of cleaning crews.’
      • ‘This abbreviated variation of the looping rib vault was also an innovation of Benedikt Ried in Bohemia and his followers in Germany.’
      • ‘The Cafe is formed by eight curved structural ribs which enclose the seating and servery space.’
      • ‘By reducing the complexity of traditional intersecting rib vaults, he proposed a pure barrel form, cantilevered above a glazed screen.’
    2. 2.2 A curved transverse strut of metal or timber in a ship, extending up from the keel and forming part of the framework of the hull.
      ‘the hull was stiffened with 26 ribs’
      • ‘Although these canoes are covered with birchbark, this skin, like that of a kayak, is stretched over a framework of ribs and spars.’
      • ‘The prototype had a waterproof canvas stretched over hinged timber ribs, quality-tested by letting armies of ants and termites loose on the fabric.’
      • ‘The deck here used to be intact but now it has peeled off and fallen to the seabed, leaving a tangle of debris from below the deck and exposed ribs poking up from the hull.’
      • ‘On the port side, fish swim in and out where hull plating has decayed, leaving ragged holes blocked to any but the skinniest of divers by upright hull ribs.’
      • ‘The Bard made her way toward him, stepping over some of the varnished mahogany ribs of the great ship.’
      • ‘Indeed, the structure of the world was sometimes compared to that of building a ship, where the keel and ribs would be laid out first.’
      • ‘Here the deck ribs have caved in towards the centre of the ship above the engines, though the debris is too dense to allow you to see the engines from here.’
      • ‘The transverse ribs and the deck are similar to those in the back spans.’
      • ‘More than 300 planks have been fitted and now the ribs or timbers will be restored or replaced.’
      • ‘Unlike the other sections, the stern was much battered, showing steel ribs extending up from the keel to around a metre in height.’
      • ‘The fragments include slabs of planking, ribs, stem posts, a keel, even part of a rudder, as well as used and unused vessel fastenings.’
      • ‘At different parts of the hull, the Wright would use different methods of holding the ribs of the ship in place.’
      • ‘The deck here has fallen slightly into the holds, with ribs from the starboard side of the hull left behind and sticking up slightly.’
      • ‘Fortunately, the wreck has not twisted significantly, so the exposed metal ribs can be used as a navigation aid.’
      • ‘It was still under construction, just a keel and ribs surrounded by scaffold, ropes and tackle, stacks of lumber and racks of tools.’
      • ‘They were completely blown apart, and all-new spar extrusions and new ribs were built by Ken Hake in Kansas and shipped to New Zealand.’
      • ‘Shrouded by fog and littered with the ribs of ships and whales, this is a place of legends rather than of train rides - there being neither tracks nor roads into it.’
      • ‘The banding followed the curve of the ship's ribs, requiring the banding plane to have a matching curvature.’
      • ‘He refers to the presence of a keel and ribs made of light timbers, which indicates he was referring to curraghs.’
      • ‘Its bow used to be reasonably intact but, over the past couple of years, the plates have started to fall away from the ribs of the hull.’
    3. 2.3 Each of the curved pieces of wood forming the body of a lute or the sides of a violin.
    4. 2.4 Each of the hinged rods supporting the fabric of an umbrella.
      • ‘If the nails are not steel, we ask the children to try to get a piece of old bicycle spoke or an umbrella rib, and bend it backwards and forwards until they have broken a piece off.’
      • ‘The umbrella itself has tiny holes and is pulled slightly off one rib.’
    5. 2.5Aeronautics A structural member in an aerofoil, extending back from the leading edge and serving to define the contour of the aerofoil.
      • ‘There, full-depth tank-end wing ribs formed the ends of the four-tank fuel system.’
      • ‘The 7075 tubing allows us to shave a few pounds off the wing and the carbon ribs reduce the weight by almost another 2 pounds.’
    6. 2.6 A ridge of rock or land.
      ‘the final rib gives pleasant climbing’
      • ‘It led to a snow-filled gully, then a rib of loose rock.’
      • ‘After an hour of intense driving, watching for every rib and spur of rock, we'd covered 8 ½ miles.’
      • ‘Traverse for a variation, ski the side of a rib or drop over a roll, pick up speed, carve a big arc.’
      • ‘She followed the rib of rock to the left where the ground continued to be fairly level.’
      • ‘To the immediate right, there is a short climb up a rock rib, at the top of which is an obscured boulder crawl leading on and up.’
      • ‘Drop-off is to our left, but the road is wide by trail standards, and I place my front right tire on the good side of a bed-rock rib protruding from the roadbed.’
      • ‘Gilkey was anchored securely to his position in the gully with two ice axes while the others moved to the other side of a rocky rib to set up a tent.’
      • ‘The floor is crisscrossed by ribs of rock that lie just under the flowing stream.’
  • 3A vein of a leaf or an insect's wing.

    ‘a spinach-type leaf with red ribs’
    • ‘While Abas moved his fingers holding a palm leaf rib as a pointer to the verses of the Koran, the sound of the verses being recited was actually coming from a tape recorder.’
    • ‘Leaf rib anthocyanin was measured only in FR, where one QTL was detected.’
    • ‘The main colour of the petals is violet, with distal parts being pale violet or white, and with dark violet ribs forming nectar guides.’
    • ‘Here is a central rib of the leaf blade with mesophyll composed of undifferentiated cells.’
    • ‘Brown bands appear on either side of leaf ribs, sometimes forming brown or green rings.’
    • ‘That is, leaf tissues yellow while the leaf ribs remain green.’
    • ‘A fully developed leaf, 16 cm in length, was divided into two equal halves by cutting away the central rib.’
    • ‘Smaller leaves and smooth varieties have thin ribs that can be chopped, cooked, and eaten with the leaves.’
    • ‘It also means that the flesh has been in contact with the ribs and seeds longer, so reds will be hotter as well as sweeter than their green former selves.’
    • ‘Leaves are mild-tasting and can be used for cole slaw or added to salads - the crunchy rib of the leaf adds an interesting texture to a tossed salad.’
    • ‘Mitotic indices were determined by recording mitotic figures (except prophases) separately in the central and peripheral zones as well as in the rib meristem of the SAM.’
    • ‘They first strip the thin cuticle layer from the middle rib of a young palm leaf, then soak the fibers for pliability.’
    • ‘Every node bears a whorl of leaves but the number of leaves in a whorl is smaller than the number of ribs on the axis.’
    • ‘This shows a longitudinal section of shoot apex and an orthostichy of leaf primordia that are forming a rib.’
    • ‘Other cells of the rib did not show these changes.’
    • ‘A number of early Islamic-inscribed ribs of palm leaves have recently been found in Yemen that corroborate this story.’
    • ‘Whole leaves, leaf ribs, leaves without ribs, and petioles were separately analysed.’
    • ‘The blanched stalks or ribs of the inner leaves are favoured in Spain for the Madrid version of the nationally renowned cocido and are used in other dishes too.’
    • ‘To start new plants, remove a leaf at the plant's base and cut down each side of the center rib, as shown in illustration at right.’
  • 4Knitting
    mass noun A combination of alternate plain and purl stitches producing a ridged, slightly elastic fabric.

    ‘knit twenty rows of rib’
    count noun ‘knit a new rib’
    • ‘Mark a centerline across the top of each rib and lay out four evenly spaced hole locations. 5.’
    • ‘I particularly liked this pattern, which was easy to memorise and a tad more interesting than a rib or stocking stitch.’
    • ‘Canton Crepe is a soft crepe woven fabric with small crosswise ribs.’
    • ‘A very forgiving rib, easy to memorise and fast to knit.’
    • ‘I'm not sure that I want to do this (1x1 rib is tortuous) so I'll most likely do the standard 1x1 rib and cast off in 1x1 rib.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Mark with or form into ridges.

    ‘the road was ribbed with furrows of slush’
    • ‘The stained concrete was ribbed, ridged and textured to a rather extreme extent.’
    • ‘So far, so predictable, but its huge flanks are encased in a delicately ribbed translucent skin that scintillates arrestingly with both natural and artificial light.’
    • ‘Polycarbonate is lightweight and ribbed to provide a diffused, UV protecting light which enhances plant growth and helps aid in temperature control.’
    • ‘You can now choose from vertical tubes, sometimes with sinuous curves, thin wall-hugging panels or wacky shapes, many of which make a strong, sculptural statement, replacing the mundane beige ribbed slabs you dislike so much.’
    • ‘In the daytime there had been the basking ridge where great ribbed wings of iridescent green or gray or black, dull red or brown or yellow, stretched to channel the sun to the dragon's quickening savoring bodies.’
    • ‘Nor did it prohibit the commercial sale of other items used for sexual gratification, such as ribbed condoms or vibrators that were primarily intended to relieve muscle tension but could also be adapted for sexual purposes.’
    • ‘Suddenly the wooded hillsides are ribbed with vines and the cobbled quays of Jarnac and Cognac crowded with the merchant warehouses of great cognac-makers like Courvoisier, Hine, Martell and Otard.’
    • ‘The nicely ribbed barrel of the Nova is finished in a dull black color that matches the black polymer of the stocks and receiver perfectly, although, as an option, the Nova can be purchased in Realtree X-Tra Brown camo dress.’
    grooved, channelled, furrowed, ribbed, corrugated, ridged
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Provide with ribs.
      ‘the aisle vaults are lower, but are also ribbed and painted’
      • ‘Office ceilings are made of thin, ribbed concrete slabs painted white and curving towards the natural light.’
  • 2informal Tease good-naturedly.

    ‘the first time I appeared in the outfit I was ribbed mercilessly’
    • ‘Earlier in the night, I had been ribbing her, saying that she didn't have the class to bend us, but she came back and made me eat my words!’
    • ‘The smallest combat engineer in the security platoon, Bourgeois, 19, was constantly ribbed about being tiny.’
    • ‘They rib us in a good natured way while making it clear that they will not vote and are not taken in by our occasional concern for them.’
    • ‘And in this macho culture, Thabang Silepe says his classmates rib him for wearing ballet shoes instead of soccer cleats.’
    • ‘Whether at Buckingham palace or a tea party, Doyle was frequently ribbed about him.’
    • ‘I have to imagine that knowing that the cast of ‘The West Wing’ happened to all have a pretty good sense of humor, that they must have been ribbing you a little bit along the way while you were making this movie.’
    • ‘First, when Hatch referred to the ABA approval as the ‘gold standard,’ he was directly quoting Chuck Schumer and ribbing him.’
    • ‘And I'm not making fun of you now, because I always rib you about your health and so forth.’
    • ‘Yet I would stress that the first player who goes public with their homosexuality will face few problems from team-mates - over and above being mercilessly ribbed.’
    • ‘The other guys start ribbing him, not about his politics but about his age, asking if he voted for Lincoln, saying that his first military service was as a guard on Noah's Ark.’
    • ‘Even Sörenstam, the world's top female golfer, got ribbed a little.’
    • ‘Billy in particular is a near-perfect example of Angel at its best, constantly presenting all the characters involved with difficult moral choices and at the same time mercilessly ribbing them for acting as they do.’
    • ‘‘Sixth and last,’ said Joe in the pub when he was ribbed about it.’
    • ‘David who has now retired from the service after 27 years was ribbed mercilessly by his White Watch colleagues for his studying.’
    • ‘In fact, only once does he cut away to Dee Dee's quiet home life, where the recovering addict ribs his kitty about having to kick catnip cold turkey.’
    • ‘And then in the afternoon, the other - one of the other jurors was ribbing him a bit.’
    • ‘The next time I see him, over here or in Manchester, where he lives, I am going to rib him about kissing all the girls.’
    • ‘Next he ribbed the doctors, whom he likes to call ‘docs.’’
    • ‘The jokes they loved the most were the ones where we were ribbing them.’
    • ‘There's so much affection in the way that they cheer each other on, in the loving way they interact with their children, in the way that they rib each other and tease and play and work.’
    make fun of, poke fun at, chaff, make jokes about, rag, mock, laugh at, guy, satirize, be sarcastic about
    View synonyms

Origin

Old English rib, ribb (noun), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch rib(be) and German Rippe. Sense 1 of the verb dates from the mid 16th century; the sense ‘tease’ was originally a US slang usage meaning ‘to fool, dupe’ (1930s).

Pronunciation

rib

/rɪb/

Main definitions of rib in English

: rib1RIB2

RIB2

noun

  • A small open boat with a fibreglass hull and inflatable rubber sides.

Origin

Acronym from rigid inflatable boat.