Definition of review in English:

review

noun

  • 1A formal assessment of something with the intention of instituting change if necessary.

    ‘a comprehensive review of UK defence policy’
    mass noun ‘all areas of the company will come under review’
    • ‘The force must not be overlooked in the government's current rail review.’
    • ‘The council will now be subjected to an external review, before a report called a comprehensive performance assessment on it is published in February.’
    • ‘Hsu said that reviews of environmental impact assessments shouldn't necessarily hamper a developer's plans as long as the applications are written honestly.’
    • ‘Mr Dempsey said the review was necessary because of the escalating costs and time-frame of the inquiry.’
    • ‘Why don't bishops undergo periodic review by their clergy, and clergy by the people of the parish?’
    • ‘The cases were selected for release as part of the Home Office's review of the closure period applied to records.’
    • ‘He kept JJ under review and reported his views to Mr. Hillier.’
    • ‘Like any process it will be the subject of ongoing review and evaluation.’
    • ‘A critical review of the current PPP model may help to restore confidence to the market.’
    • ‘Albertans have one more day to have their say on the current provincial review of low-income programs.’
    • ‘While that search is ongoing, he should instigate a full safety review of the current motorway programme immediately.’
    • ‘It is leading to the creation of a review body to examine complaints against judges.’
    • ‘An academic paper on the study is under review for journal publication.’
    • ‘The study has been submitted to the Astrophysical Journal for review and publication.’
    • ‘A spokeswoman for the Prison Service said all prison social clubs had been subject to a recent review, which had led to the closure of some of them.’
    • ‘Pembroke Dock also enjoys free parking but there is concern that the town could be a casualty of the county council's current review of parking charges.’
    • ‘Lord Irvine said last month he had asked the review body to re-examine the link between his pay and the Lord Chief Justice's.’
    • ‘A further decision was taken to bring forward the date for review of the current system from June to May.’
    • ‘It was also recommended that a new Audit and Scrutiny Committee be formed as part of the current OIC review of their committee structure.’
    • ‘The government also decided to reject the review body's recommendation that betting should be allowed on the National Lottery.’
    analysis, evaluation, assessment, appraisal, examination, investigation, scrutiny, enquiry, exploration, probe, inspection, study, audit
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    1. 1.1Law A reconsideration of a judgement, sentence, etc. by a higher court or authority.
      ‘a review of her sentence’
      Compare with judicial review
      mass noun ‘his case comes up for review in January’
      • ‘She concedes that a review by a competent authority was required before the claimant could be considered for release.’
      • ‘However, government prosecutors can execute the sentence while the review is taking place.’
      • ‘They rely on two cases, both decided before the 1996 Act introduced the statutory entitlement to a review of the decision.’
      • ‘The issue of whether I had jurisdiction to hear the review was raised.’
      • ‘I write further to your solicitor's request for a review of this Authority's decision that you became intentionally homeless.’
      reconsideration, re-examination, reassessment, re-evaluation, reappraisal, moderation, rethink, another look, a fresh look
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    2. 1.2 A report on or evaluation of a subject or past events.
      ‘the Director General's end-of-year review’
      • ‘Recent reviews report that Si accumulation is, in general, higher in monocot than in non-monocot species.’
      • ‘For reviews on the subject see Brown and London and Edidin.’
      • ‘The report released last week appears to be the first stage in this process - a review of existing reports.’
      • ‘Recent case reports and reviews of the literature have highlighted similar scenarios.’
      • ‘There is a brief review of the past year's best posts.’
      • ‘The enormous political and social ramifications of the opium trade at home and abroad are the subject of numerous excellent reviews, most notably Jack Beeching's The Chinese opium wars.’
      • ‘Parapsychology remains an extremely marginal endeavor, and a very brief review of its current status is in order.’
      • ‘Further details on byssus formation mostly in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, can be found in numerous reviews on the subject.’
      • ‘The visitor then began a review of recent developments.’
      • ‘Recent reviews provide an up-to-date evaluation of the status of ethylene signalling elements in species of agronomic importance.’
      • ‘Thus, we limited our review to studies reporting compliance rates for ICSs.’
      • ‘Most of the articles evaluated in this review used the Westley croup scoring system to measure symptoms.’
      • ‘The report has a review of all reactor options, Russian-made and others.’
      • ‘This review will summarize recent developments in our understanding of the causes and consequences of stress.’
      • ‘Gisselquist says his reviews of past studies suggest sexual transmission is the cause of only one-third of Africa's HIV infections.’
      • ‘In addition, we searched citations of key papers, recent reviews of the subject, and conference proceedings (using the Web of Science).’
      • ‘Experts in the field prepare reports and reviews for the Government, and we must take account of them, but it would be foolish for us to make a decision that was not based on the scientific evidence.’
      • ‘It is not the intention to provide a comprehensive review of chlorophyll fluorescence theory and applications, since this has been the subject of other recent reviews.’
      • ‘C NMR data for monoterpenes are reported in a recent review by Ferreira et al..’
      • ‘Doodling, the informal artform, is chronically under-funded, rarely the subject of late-night panel reviews, and yet it thrives.’
      survey, report, study, account, record, description, exposition, statement, delineation, overview, rundown, breakdown, overall picture
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  • 2A critical appraisal of a book, play, film, etc. published in a newspaper or magazine.

    ‘she released her debut solo album to rave reviews’
    • ‘This brings us to the next point: though his film has received rave reviews thus far, some criticize him for not presenting enough evidence to link arms dealing with fish exporting.’
    • ‘As in previous years, J. A. Alien wrote nearly all the book reviews published in 1904.’
    • ‘It is unusual to publish two independent reviews of the same book.’
    • ‘On a regular basis, the newspaper runs poetry, fiction, book reviews, essays on reading, author profiles, and excerpts from books.’
    • ‘But the hard-nosed movie critics in America were harder to impress, as the first reviews of the film published across the Atlantic showed yesterday.’
    • ‘There have been numerous good reviews published for this book and the general opinion is that this is an excellent book.’
    • ‘His first novella, Shopgirl, received solid (if not quite rave) reviews when it was published two years ago.’
    • ‘Still Byrne will be tweaking the format, adding, for instance, a regular entertainment guide with book and film reviews, and beefing up the fashion and beauty sections.’
    • ‘Critics, whether writing reviews for newspapers, essays, or extended critical works, have to be aware of their complex role as mediators between the composer or performer and the public.’
    • ‘The book received rave reviews from liberals and a Pulitzer Prize in the year following its publication.’
    • ‘They intend to publish shorter reviews of more books across a wider spectrum.’
    • ‘The play received rave reviews in leading Lahore newspapers like the Nation and the Daily Times.’
    • ‘The day after the opening there were rave reviews in all the newspapers.’
    • ‘And it's continued to get excellent reviews in magazines, newspapers, and weblogs.’
    • ‘Once you know what you want, you can begin to collect some information on HR software products and read some of the reviews published in computer magazines.’
    • ‘An analysis of some published reviews of each book usually by noted reviewers or authors is also included.’
    • ‘Do you go out of your way to seek out reviews in newspapers and magazines?’
    • ‘Eh, I actually used to do film reviews for Sick Puppy magazine.’
    • ‘For the first few years, he spent most of his time on court- and race-reporting and writing theatre, film and book reviews.’
    • ‘‘Halloween’ opened in fall 1978 to scare the wits out of moviegoers and rave reviews out of film critics, who quickly declared it a new horror classic.’
    criticism, critique, write-up, notice, assessment, evaluation, judgement, rating, commentary
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    1. 2.1often in names A periodical publication with critical articles on culture and current events.
      ‘the New Left Review’
      • ‘On the day I have in recollection, Paul Tichlorne had been mooning all morning in my study over a current scientific review.’
      • ‘Now, what I am asking you is, are you aware of law review or public administration articles which deal with this large issue?’
      • ‘Clearly, little mistakes, compounded by big mistakes, do not make for a credible publication or review.’
      • ‘The majority of articles in this review acknowledged individual and/or systemic racism.’
      • ‘The same methods were used to calculate the 2001 estimates in the current review article.’
      • ‘Old papers can also be rediscovered when they are cited in articles in review journals.’
      journal, periodical, magazine, organ, publication, proceedings, annual, quarterly, monthly
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  • 3A ceremonial display and formal inspection of military or naval forces, typically by a sovereign or commander-in-chief.

    ‘he conducted a final review of his troops and spoke of his pride in having served in the US army’
    • ‘The military reviews advertised a European-style professional army as among the chief blessings of a strong national government.’
    • ‘In the tradition of naval reviews world wide, one of the high points will be the march through the streets of Sydney by a massed assembly of sailors from around the world.’
    • ‘It was a naval review of the young Soviet state that wanted to position itself as a naval power.’
    • ‘This took the form of epic paintings, festivals, monumental architecture, the Bulletins of the Grand Army, dazzling uniforms, and military reviews.’
    • ‘Military parades and reviews, not surprisingly in a country ruled by a general, were an almost daily spectacle.’
    • ‘In yesterday's military review, the army presented the largest parade of troops in recent years to President Chen.’
    • ‘I myself had attended a naval and military review and a mayoral banquet.’
    • ‘The Prince of Wales watched the fleet review on board the survey ship HMS Scott with the Duchess of Cornwall.’
    • ‘This press pool report on President Bush conducting an impromptu review of troops leaving for Iraq is touching.’
    inspection, parade, display, demonstration, field day, tattoo, array, muster, procession
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  • 4A facility for playing a tape recording during a fast wind or rewind, so that it can be stopped at a particular point.

    ‘cue and review, which plays the tape backwards or forwards at high speed’
    • ‘Push the review key down until you hear the sound of the cassette rewinding.’
    • ‘In the morning, press the REVIEW button to automatically rewind to the beginning of the recording and start to play back.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Assess (something) formally with the intention of instituting change if necessary.

    ‘the Home Secretary was called on to review Britain's gun laws’
    • ‘In Hobart for the state launch of the AFI awards screening, Mr Lawrence said the institute had reviewed its role and was now looking to a promising future.’
    • ‘‘We'll try to economize the use of water first and make necessary adjustments while reviewing the measure in the end of December,’ he said.’
    • ‘Apple agrees it's necessary to review the way things have been done in the past and change them to fit a new world.’
    • ‘They are scheduled to formally review the progress in bilateral talks on all outstanding issues in August.’
    • ‘When necessary, priorities were reviewed and time reallocated to provide this elective.’
    • ‘Here at hecklerspray, it's our responsibility to assess and review advertisements, especially the ones that need to be pulled from the air.’
    • ‘The institutes will review the findings and recommendations in the report carefully over coming weeks.’
    • ‘The government should take its next step by rethinking and reviewing its policies.’
    • ‘The spokeswoman said the SEC always reviews its policies and procedures at the end of each examination season.’
    • ‘Every UK local authority website is reviewed and assessed against e-government and good practice criteria.’
    • ‘The council says it has no intention of reviewing the decision.’
    • ‘PhotoForum can see that it is necessary to review tertiary education.’
    • ‘Comments and views will be received up until June 13, when the agency will review the map and make any necessary changes in the light of public feedback.’
    • ‘The company pledged to review its security procedures in light of the highly-embarrassing attack.’
    • ‘With single-name notes came more risk and banks began to review their credit procedures.’
    • ‘An Air Transport Association spokesman said airlines are reviewing the plan and will later comment formally.’
    • ‘Downer said Australia has no intention of immediately reviewing its policy of sanctions against Fiji.’
    • ‘Medecins Sans Frontieres have shown no intention to review their decision to pull out of the country in July for their workers' safety.’
    • ‘The group will meet at least once a year to assess and review the plan.’
    • ‘In June 1994 the Commission also announced its intention to review Directive 90 220.’
    1. 1.1Law Submit (a sentence, case, etc.) for reconsideration by a higher court or authority.
      ‘the Attorney General asked the court to review the sentence’
      • ‘Following conviction, an accused person must have the right to have the sentence and conviction reviewed by a higher tribunal or court, according to law.’
      • ‘But what to do about people who had already been sentenced under the old scheme, and whose sentences were now being reviewed via habeas corpus?’
      • ‘That is why it appears that this particular case with Mr Ferdinands and the penalty imposed by the Commissioner is not a matter that can be reviewed by the District Court.’
      • ‘That is why there is an urgent need to review this case and submit all the facts to an independent inquiry.’
      • ‘An appellate or reviewing Court will set aside a decision affected by bias.’
      • ‘The US Supreme Court declined to review her case and her last resort is the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board.’
      • ‘Of the roughly 28,000 appellate court decisions made each year, only 80 to 90 are reviewed by the Supreme Court.’
      • ‘His case was reviewed at the High Court in Glasgow on Monday to comply with European legislation, which states that murderers must know how much time must be served before they can apply for parole.’
      • ‘When Soviet authorities reviewed his case before a special tribunal in 1956, they shortened his sentence to time already served.’
      • ‘However, where an administrative body originally exercised the power to deprive people of their liberty, they must have the right to have their case reviewed by a court.’
      • ‘Here in the High Court I am begging that my case be reviewed again because I cannot return to my country.’
      • ‘His decision is stayed until the state supreme court reviews the case.’
      • ‘The prison warden in this case will undoubtedly ask the Supreme Court to review this case.’
      • ‘The court is only authorized to review cases if it is presented with new facts or proof of innocence.’
      • ‘And, for the sake of comparison, I couldn't find any reference to the US Supreme Court reviewing mandatory sentencing laws either.’
      • ‘Last week, the Supreme Court decided to review the Adarand case yet again.’
      • ‘Japan may extradite its nationals to a country with which it has such a treaty only after the case is reviewed by the Tokyo High Court and at the government's discretion.’
      • ‘The defense lawyers will ask the Ohio Supreme Court to review the case.’
      • ‘Governor Pataki has filed an appeal, and an appellate court will review the CFE case in October.’
      • ‘The Court may have declined to review the case because its outcome seemed to be determined by recent Court precedents.’
    2. 1.2 Survey or evaluate (a subject or past events)
      ‘in the next chapter we review a number of recent empirical studies’
      • ‘We reviewed the literature that assesses the cost effectiveness of CPD interventions in health care.’
      • ‘It is, however, necessary to review the banks' approach to loans.’
      • ‘More than 300 Reservists reviewed and evaluated the True Blue posters, pamphlets, brochures, videos and Web site.’
      • ‘Sykes said that groups can normally expect to wait three weeks to have their survey reviewed.’
      • ‘Past nursing theories are reviewed and analysis is achieved by the presentation of four theoretical domains of nursing.’
      • ‘This page reviews the steps necessary to sending back colorful HTML reports to the Institute via email.’
      • ‘In order to understand this relationship, it is necessary to review recent developments in the theory of hospitality.’
      • ‘This chapter reviews some of the economic aspects of smoking cessation.’
      • ‘It was the only trial in which outcomes were not assessed or reviewed blind of treatment allocation.’
      • ‘The next three chapters review in detail the four major lending booms and subsequent collapses.’
      • ‘However, awareness of this limitation is necessary when reviewing the study results.’
      • ‘He or she reviews the necessary steps of the bowel prep to include remaining on a clear liquid diet for two days before surgery.’
      • ‘Instead, he suggested, the drill should be taped and then reviewed to evaluate employees' performance.’
      • ‘During your first few days on the unit we will review routines and procedures with you.’
      • ‘The forum concludes that morning with a general session reviewing the top issues facing the dairy industry today.’
      • ‘Often, after summing up the subject he is reviewing, he steps back and argues eloquently for both the difficult and the impossible.’
      • ‘Weigle reviewed the past, present, and future of pharmacologic treatments for obesity.’
      • ‘While in holding, the crew reviewed the three-engine landing checklist.’
      • ‘Chapter 17 is the sole chapter reviewing marine natural products.’
      • ‘It reviews and evaluates on an ongoing basis, the effectiveness of all policies, programs and activities concerning individuals with disabilities.’
      • ‘To understand the nature of Mr. Dewberry's suit, it is necessary to review the recent history of Corcoran Prison.’
      • ‘The institute currently is reviewing proposals.’
      • ‘Reed briefly reviewed different methods for assessing susceptibility to extirpation for scoring conservation priorities.’
      • ‘Before this, however, it is necessary to review a range of other descriptions of industrial clusters.’
      • ‘Mid fall is also a good time to review fire prevention procedures.’
      • ‘She is wistful and pleased as she reviews past events.’
      • ‘We reviewed the data management procedures and found them to be in order.’
      • ‘In the first chapter, the editors review the normal aging process and the success of healthy aging.’
      • ‘Barron et al. reviewed and quantitatively evaluated different implementations of the method.’
      • ‘Mason sees the years 1946-55, reviewed in Chapter 5, as the glory years for savings and loans.’
      • ‘We have our procedures for reviewing the committee reports.’
      • ‘Finally, he reviews price-to-cash-flow ratios to assess capital spending and working capital.’
      • ‘Sorry to bore you but it is necessary to review a few things here for the IQ-impaired.’
      • ‘In the meantime, let's review the past ten chapters for those of you with short-term memory loss.’
      • ‘The list of drug interactions with cisapride has been updated since this topic was reviewed in a past newsletter.’
      • ‘When I returned home, I decided it was a good time to review wake turbulence procedures.’
      • ‘Joint doctrine and literature were reviewed to assess how they should work together versus how they do work together.’
      • ‘Chapters Four and Five summarize the issues reviewed in the first three chapters.’
      • ‘Separate chapters review what is known about the ocean floor of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans.’
      • ‘The Wisconsin site data are reviewed to assess these presumed temporal relationships.’
      survey, study, research, consider, take stock of, analyse, audit, examine, scrutinize, enquire into, make enquiries into, explore, look into, probe, investigate, conduct investigations into, inspect, assess, appraise, size up
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  • 2Write a critical appraisal of (a book, play, film, etc.) for publication in a newspaper or magazine.

    ‘I reviewed his first novel’
    • ‘But here's the caveat: Not all books written by newspaper reporters should be reviewed.’
    • ‘The children, all between 10 and 16 were given an introduction on film appreciation and how a film should be critically reviewed.’
    • ‘Tyree's earlier work has been reviewed in well-regarded publications such as Kirkus Book Review and Publisher's Weekly.’
    • ‘So, obviously, he makes sure that he reviews the books written by everybody else in the newspaper racket, just to ensure that he gets a favourable reception when it comes round to his own book-plugging time.’
    • ‘Pilger's book has been reviewed just twice in national newspapers, in the Guardian and Independent.’
    • ‘Anyway, that's what it must be like to review a film critical of your boss for the newspaper your boss owns and operates.’
    • ‘Berkeley astrophysicist Joseph Silk got a jab in while reviewing a popular book Thorne had written on general relativity.’
    • ‘Senior Editor Doris Hering has been writing and reviewing for Dance Magazine since 1946.’
    • ‘In her naiveté she had thought that all serious books were reviewed in the major newspapers, especially The New York Times.’
    • ‘And I became interested in book reviewing, in writing the entertaining or amusing review, in the construction of reviews and essays.’
    • ‘The Gazette reviews the plays and talks to two youngsters who have shared in their success.’
    • ‘After a stint reviewing books for the Library Journal magazine, Pearl tired of being a critic.’
    • ‘Back in April, I reviewed Volume 8 in Paramount's ongoing DVD series.’
    • ‘They found that 72 percent of all books reviewed were written by men and that men comprised two-thirds of the reviewers.’
    • ‘One reason that avant-garde film wasn't reviewed in newspapers during my time as a critic had to do with the avant-garde film world.’
    • ‘The Tech Zone reviews the Card Cooler XT, which you can own in exchange for 34 of your US dollars.’
    • ‘He began reviewing for small gay newspapers and now writes for Harper's, Salmagundi, The Antioch Review and Newsday.’
    • ‘For he was neither a trained academic with a Ph.D., nor simply a journalist who reviewed new books or wrote about current events.’
    • ‘He also reviewed 130 publications and wrote 10 memorials.’
    • ‘There are so many aspects to consider when reviewing a film, that the plot is probably the least important.’
    comment on, discuss, evaluate, assess, appraise, judge, weigh up, rate, write up, critique, criticize
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  • 3(of a sovereign, commander-in-chief, etc.) make a ceremonial and formal inspection of (military or naval forces)

    ‘the Queen reviewed her brightly arrayed troops’
    • ‘She reviewed three combined military civilian units, who move into the violent areas once the insurgents are gone, trying to quickly establish order there.’
    • ‘In 1915, Brigadier General Abbot reviewed the Bradford City Volunteers.’
    • ‘General Pershing inspected and reviewed the 42nd Division on March 16.’
    • ‘The phantasmagoria includes a scene depicting the French emperor reviewing an army of hideous demons.’
    • ‘Today, the Queen reviews the Fleet (presumably both the Red and the Blue bits).’
    inspect, view, scrutinize
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  • 4View or inspect again.

    ‘all slides were then reviewed by one pathologist’
    • ‘Our view, having reviewed all the material, is that judgments went to (although not beyond) the outer limits of the intelligence available.’
    • ‘The program uses thousands of slides that are reviewed by a wide variety of practicing cytotechnologists and cytopathologists in a variety of practice settings.’
    • ‘Or is the world a place where our death is viewed and reviewed under the reality of the cross of Christ?’
    • ‘Each month, following the ADASP recommendations, cases were randomly selected and reviewed by 1 pathologist.’
    • ‘Additionally, all gross examinations performed by nonpathologist individuals must be reviewed by a pathologist.’
    • ‘I did not remember a hood being on the gun until I reviewed the pictures taken before going to the range.’
    • ‘Cases were randomly selected and reviewed by one pathologist.’
    • ‘Postmortem examinations were conducted to an agreed protocol and reviewed by independent paediatric pathologists.’
    • ‘We will definitely be viewing and reviewing more of these superb birding videos, starting with the double DVD, Watching Sparrows.’
    • ‘Four experienced pathologists reviewed all NHL diagnoses and classified them according to the working formulation for NHL.’
    • ‘The costs involved in reviewing surgical pathology slides are outweighed by the potential cost of unnecessary or erroneous treatment.’
    reconsider, re-examine, reassess, re-evaluate, reappraise, moderate, rethink, think over, take another look at, take a fresh look at, look at in a different light, have another think about
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Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun denoting a formal inspection of military or naval forces): from obsolete French reveue, from revoir ‘see again’.

Pronunciation

review

/rɪˈvjuː/