Definition of retrotransposon in English:

retrotransposon

noun

Genetics
  • A transposon whose sequence shows homology with that of a retrovirus.

    • ‘Distribution and transposition of endogenous retrotransposon sequences may contribute to the organization of genome structure and evolution, but this remains purely speculative.’
    • ‘Nucleotide sequence changes in the two termini of individual retrotransposons were used to date their time of insertion.’
    • ‘More recently, specific subsets of repetitive DNA, such as retrotransposons, have been shown to comprise a high percentage of the repetitive DNA of plants.’
    • ‘Kalendar et al. found that the number of copies of a long terminal repeat retrotransposon BARE - 1, that is present in all Hordeum species, was clearly correlated with altitude in the canyon.’
    • ‘Its genome size might have increased as assumed, decreased or remained the same subject only to genomic turnover, with new retrotransposon families replacing old ones or other secondary DNA.’

Pronunciation

retrotransposon

/ˌrɛtrəʊtransˈpəʊzɒn//-tranz-//-trɑːns-/