Definition of retrolental fibroplasia in English:

retrolental fibroplasia

noun

mass nounMedicine
  • Abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue immediately behind the lens of the eye, leading to blindness. It affected many premature babies in the 1950s, owing to the excessive administration of oxygen.

    • ‘Retrolental fibroplasia is the most common cause of preschool blindness.’
    • ‘It is known that excessive oxygen can damage the retina of a premature baby leading to a condition called retrolental fibroplasia which results in blindness.’
    • ‘Through his involvement in the tragic saga of retrolental fibroplasia (retinopathy of prematurity), his devotion to rooting out weaknesses in clinical research methodology became more than an intellectual exercise.’

Origin

1940s: from retro- + Latin lens, lent- ‘lentil’ + -al.

Pronunciation

retrolental fibroplasia

/ˌrɛtrəʊˌlɛnt(ə)l ˌfʌɪbrəʊˈpleɪzɪə/