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[mass noun] Abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue immediately behind the lens of the eye, leading to blindness. It affected many premature babies in the 1950s, owing to the excessive administration of oxygen.
- ‘It is known that excessive oxygen can damage the retina of a premature baby leading to a condition called retrolental fibroplasia which results in blindness.’
- ‘Retrolental fibroplasia is the most common cause of preschool blindness.’
- ‘Through his involvement in the tragic saga of retrolental fibroplasia (retinopathy of prematurity), his devotion to rooting out weaknesses in clinical research methodology became more than an intellectual exercise.’
1940s: from retro- + Latin lens, lent- lentil + -al.
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