Definition of retire in English:

retire

verb

  • 1[no object] Leave one's job and cease to work, typically on reaching the normal age for leaving service:

    ‘he retired from the Navy in 1986’
    • ‘Beginning with an instructorship at Yale in 1909, he taught on a full-time basis for 51 years until retiring in 1960 at the age of 80.’
    • ‘He seems to have retired from printmaking in the late 1820s, though he did contribute illustrations for books even quite late in his life.’
    • ‘The Government reckons that at least three million people are facing poverty in their old age and that up to ten million more are looking at a huge drop in living standards when they retire.’
    • ‘Gaddis retired from a fifty-year teaching career in 1997.’
    • ‘In fact, after he retired and was free full time, he knew exactly what he wanted to do.’
    • ‘He said he recently retired after 53 years working and found it was extraordinary how life passes so quickly.’
    • ‘His partners included almost all of the ballerinas who rose to fame between 1936 and 1962, when he retired from the stage.’
    • ‘Although Paul Jenkins has retired from his post as archivist, that does not mean that he will stop researching the meanings of photographs.’
    • ‘Edwin reluctantly retired from work in 1889 aged 84.’
    • ‘When Robert retired from teaching, his appetite for taking pictures grew until he was, in effect, a full-time amateur photographer.’
    • ‘His major league officiating career spanned three decades, from 1954 to 1978, when he retired as an umpire in the American League.’
    • ‘Winterbottom recently retired from Hutcheson & Co in Victoria, having spent 33 years in public practice in the local area.’
    • ‘Payments stop when you return to work, retire or die.’
    • ‘The place was a relic, a museum piece, preserved like a man who stops shopping for clothes the day he retires and spends the next thirty years living in limbo and the same pair of nylon trousers.’
    • ‘At the age of 70 I retired from college teaching because of the ever-widening age difference between that of the instructor and his students.’
    • ‘The family lived in Carrington Street, New Plymouth, after relocating when Frederick Watson retired from the bank in Bulls.’
    • ‘Fixed annuities help stabilize income from investments, and are most commonly used by people who are not fully participating in the workforce, are about to retire or have retired.’
    • ‘Having retired from the stage, she devotes some time to masterclasses.’
    • ‘He retired from the San Francisco Art Institute in 2001, after teaching there for 35 years.’
    • ‘He had been a merchant seaman man and boy, covering some fifty years and he was so accustomed to shouting just to be heard that he couldn't stop doing it now that he'd retired.’
    give up work, stop working, stop work
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[with object] Compel (an employee) to leave their job, especially before they have reached retirement age:
      ‘the Home Office retired him’
      • ‘By retiring officers unfit for active service, this group attempted to revolutionize the navy's traditional system of promotion.’
      • ‘Expect a major change of location soon, of course: it seems that he has been unceremoniously retired from service.’
      • ‘By and large, the throngs of steelworkers have been retired by computers and automated controls that now watch over every aspect of the steel-making process.’
      • ‘The question here is whether a transfer of property that extinguishes the trust by merging the beneficial and legal interest can in any sense be said to retire a trustee.’
      pension off, force to retire, force to give up work
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of a player) cease to participate in competitive sport:
      ‘he retired from football several years ago’
      • ‘She played for several years before retiring with repetition strain injury.’
      • ‘Brought up in Bangor, Maine, Rudom became a professional basketball player before retiring at 30.’
      • ‘Key players moved on to other careers or retired.’
      • ‘After retiring from the sport in 1994, Chris decided to continue his involvement in a volunteer capacity.’
      • ‘She was forced to withdraw from the Rome Olympics in 1960 because of a hamstring injury, and retired.’
      • ‘After retiring from sports, he ran a private practice in Orange, California, for many years.’
      • ‘Bernie Mac is Stan Ross, a Milwaukee Brewer who hits his 3,000th hit during a pennant race and instantly retires after snatching the souvenir ball away from the kid who catches it.’
      • ‘I've prematurely retired from international football because I did not want to go to the African Nations Cup.’
      • ‘Only the nobility were allowed to take part in jousting tournaments though Henry VIII had to retire from the sport as he was seriously injured in a jousting tournament in 1536.’
      • ‘Hellé did not retire immediately from racing, but her story now was one of betrayal, impoverishment and obscurity.’
      • ‘The clincher came December 20 when Michelena, the sport's living legend, announced he was retiring.’
      • ‘Contrary to media reports this week, South African batsman, Daryll Cullinan has not officially retired from international cricket.’
      • ‘Bird was my favorite player and when he retired from basketball, I lost interest in the game.’
      • ‘Well I'm sorry to hear that you are retiring from playing.’
      • ‘Afterwards, the gutsy halfback became even more determined to finish his career as a player - not retired forever through injury.’
      • ‘He competed in four Olympic Games and did not retire from professional athletics until 1995.’
      • ‘He retired after almost eight years in the sport.’
      • ‘After retiring from the Bears in 1934, he became a football broadcaster on radio and then television, widely admired as a remarkably modest football hero, one of the greatest of all time.’
      • ‘Freddy made a face that was full of sorrow, as if he was being asked to retire from the major leagues.’
      • ‘When a superstar retires, the price is based on his racetrack performance.’
    3. 1.3 (of a sports player) withdraw from a race or match as a result of accident or injury:
      ‘he was forced to retire with a damaged oil tank’
      [with complement] ‘Stewart retired hurt’
      • ‘The game turned out to be his last professional outing, as unnecessary injury problems forced yet another player to retire early.’
      • ‘A pity Shane had to retire through injury for the last quarter.’
    4. 1.4Baseball [with object] Put out (a batter); cause (a side) to end a turn at bat:
      ‘Dopson retired twelve batters in a row’
      • ‘I retired all three batters in the ninth and again struck out two, " recalled Jansen.’
      • ‘It requires retiring all twenty-seven batters in order, without allowing a single runner.’
      • ‘But Budde settled down and retired the next three batters.’
      • ‘A pitcher retires the first two batters in the top of the first inning.’
      • ‘Scobie took the mound for the seventh, retiring the first batter.’
  • 2[no object] Withdraw to or from a particular place:

    ‘she retired into the bathroom’
    • ‘Even the old washer-woman, though her features be hooded and in weathered high-relief, has to retire to her humble quarters and stop laundering.’
    • ‘The two finished their dance and then Krista retired to her room saying she was tired.’
    • ‘More and more children retired to playing indoors as September dragged on.’
    • ‘As soon as they had done that, they then retired to re-load at the base of the hill.’
    • ‘On the fifth day after Landon died, the wind came to a complete stop and Shane retired to her cabin.’
    • ‘At half-past seven the onlookers had retired to safe positions five or six hundred yards away.’
    • ‘I left the bathroom as she began to prepare for a shower and retired to the couch bed, where I had been sleeping for the past few weeks!’
    • ‘At the outbreak of the Civil War he retired to Montgomery Castle and declined to become involved.’
    • ‘Later that evening after they had all finished their Christmas dinner, Sam retired to the window seat to read one of the new books she had gotten from Bryant.’
    • ‘And feeling irritated, I retired to the bathroom where I sat on the floor scowling for a great deal of the evening.’
    • ‘Again retiring to the bathroom to shower, I was faced by the mirror as soon as I closed the door behind me.’
    • ‘We could think of nothing to say, and neither could they, so we finished our breakfast, and retired to our room less than ten minutes later.’
    • ‘The day ended, I retired to my dorm room in boredom, finishing more homework and watching as Bridget fluttered back and forth between her bed and the bathroom.’
    • ‘After dinner was finished, Audrey retired to the drawing room, where she began reading in a feeble attempt to divert her mind from the day's activities.’
    • ‘Ashen threw his hands in the air and then retired to a stone wall, leaning against it.’
    • ‘All competitors please retire with me to the castle, that is all.’
    • ‘Dennis, be careful from now on, I must retire back to my retreat, but it'll be a long time before you do.’
    • ‘They retired on a bench nearby watching the other games.’
    • ‘He performed similar services for Becky then made a sign of blessing on both girls before he also retired to the sideline.’
    • ‘What's more, she preferred her own bedroom to any other area of the house and would often retire there when visitors arrived.’
    go off, withdraw, go away, go out, exit, make an exit, take oneself off, depart, decamp, adjourn, leave for
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Go to bed:
      ‘everyone retired early that night’
      • ‘After eating a light dinner of grilled chicken salad and apple juice, she retired early.’
      • ‘MaryAnn wasn't worried about Lizzie because Lizzie rarely had plans for a Saturday night and usually retired early.’
      • ‘Everyone had retired in their tents and fell asleep.’
      • ‘David retired to bed early, but she stayed up much later, asking Sarah questions about the city, but never getting a direct answer.’
      • ‘Father always retired early, he had to commute every morning.’
      • ‘I spent the day doing nothing and retired early.’
      • ‘Initially, Sabine was exhausted from whatever she had done, and retired early after supper.’
      • ‘Cathy seemed very anxious to get Nelly to bed, and kept looking at her watch, finally retiring early to bed.’
      • ‘Anmar retired early, but the first watch ended with his lamp still lit.’
      • ‘Late that night, after everyone had retired, I sat up in bed, listening to the chirps of the night creatures.’
      • ‘For a lady of one hundred and four years she is good, but retires early to help with breakfast at six in the morning.’
      • ‘I retired early and slept until evening, and deeply at that.’
      • ‘She had to talk to him about Edur before the wine went to his head and he insisted upon retiring to bed early.’
      • ‘The music started to die down, and the king announced for everyone to retire for the night.’
      • ‘The seven retired to bed early that night, their bones aching.’
      • ‘Black, his wife Melinda, and his daughter Caroline all retired fairly early, each moving into their separate rooms after bidding the travelers a good night.’
      • ‘When I finally retired to bed, exhausted, she was still reading.’
      • ‘She ignored her parents completely, and retired to her room early.’
      • ‘That evening, after our major discovery and our major story telling, we retired fairly early.’
      • ‘After dinner William retired to bed earlier than normal to get the rest his body was craving.’
      go to bed, go to one's room, call it a day, go to sleep
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 (of a jury) leave the courtroom to decide the verdict of a trial:
      ‘the judge finished his summing up and the jury retired’
      • ‘The jury then retire to consider the evidence before returning to announce their all important verdict.’
      • ‘After three days of courtroom arguments, the 12 men of the jury retire to decide if the boy is guilty beyond reasonable doubt.’
      • ‘The jury retired to deliberate on the afternoon of 2 October.’
      • ‘When both parties have completed their presentation of the case, the Court declares the hearings closed and retires to deliberate in private.’
      • ‘Over the course of three and a half days they listened to evidence presented by both sides, and then questioned the witnesses for both defence and prosecution before retiring to consider their verdict.’
      • ‘On that basis, no problem arises in the normal course of events if a justices' clerk retires with the justices and it is not known what assistance, if any, he or she in fact furnishes to them.’
      • ‘After an hour of instruction from US District Judge Barbara Jones the jury retired to begin considering the evidence.’
      • ‘You can say you add the dynamics of the case, the fact that it was said just before the jury retires to consider the matter and the fact that the statements were repeated.’
      • ‘The trial continued the next day and the jury retired to consider their verdict.’
      • ‘The jury retires to consider its verdict - the jurors go into the jury room.’
    3. 2.3 (of a military force) retreat from an enemy or an attacking position:
      ‘lack of numbers compelled the British force to retire’
      • ‘The great black dragon was forced to retire from the fight.’
      • ‘Allies advance in big counter-attack - ‘French troops had to retire overwhelmed by fumes,’ says Sir J French’
      • ‘Yermati led a tactical retreat and the elves retired to their kingdom.’
      • ‘To the north of Ypres the Germans, by employing a large quantity of asphyxiating bombs, the effect of which was felt for a distance of a mile and a quarter behind our lines, succeeded in forcing us to retire.’
      • ‘There was a short skirmish with enemy cavalry near Taliaferro's Mill, but they quickly retired.’
      retreat, withdraw, pull back, fall back, pull out, disengage, back off, give way, give ground, flee, take flight, turn tail, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat
      View synonyms
    4. 2.4[with object] Order (a military force) to retreat:
      ‘the general retired all his troops’
      • ‘From a military point of view, when you get into those situations, it makes sense to retire, withdraw, tactically or strategically, in order to reshape the war in a way that you can win it.’
  • 3Economics
    [with object] Withdraw (a bill or note) from circulation or currency.

    • ‘Their issues of paper currency were retired at their original purchasing-power values; depreciation was not a serious problem.’
    • ‘Instead, Congress cranked up the printing press and called on the states to levy taxes to retire the bills.’
  • 4Finance
    [with object] Pay off or cancel (a debt):

    ‘the debt is to be retired from state gaming-tax receipts’
    • ‘When your clients are running late on their payments, it is unlikely that they will be able to retire the entire balance in one payment.’
    • ‘After the war ended in 1816, these taxes were repealed and instead a high tariff was passed to retire the accumulated war debt.’
    • ‘But many students are unable to retire their credit card balances before they enter the working world.’
    • ‘Most discussions of the surplus involve retirement of the publicly held debt, but once this debt has been retired, the surplus has to be redirected elsewhere.’
    • ‘If they feel it is advantageous for them to retire their current bonds and secure a lower rate by issuing new bonds, they may call their bonds.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘withdraw to a place of safety or seclusion’): from French retirer, from re- back + tirer draw.

Pronunciation:

retire

/rɪˈtʌɪə/

Definition of retiré in English:

retiré

noun

Ballet
  • A movement in which one leg is raised at right angles to the body until the toe is in line with the knee of the supporting leg.

    • ‘Put your hands on your shoulders or hips and just turn from the force of pushing up out of the demi plié and the working leg turning out as you place it into retiré and begin the turn.’
    • ‘The orchestra stopped, and she continued to stay on pointe; sometimes moving from retiré into a la seconde, sometimes from retiré into arabesque.’

Origin

French, literally drawn back.

Pronunciation:

retiré

/rəˈtɪəreɪ/