Definition of restoration in English:



mass noun
  • 1The action of returning something to a former owner, place, or condition.

    ‘the restoration of Andrew's sight’
    • ‘Entire villages, thanks to careful preservation or restoration, are attractions themselves.’
    • ‘Currently, we are aware river otter restorations are only occurring in New York.’
    • ‘Autopsies revealed a partial restoration of the dopamine-producing cells, indicating that brain cells could be prodded to repair themselves.’
    • ‘This project combines fire rehabilitation with watershed and ecosystem restoration on sites where loblolly pine has been ravaged by bugs and blight.’
    • ‘Sadly, growth momentum can't be easily recaptured, and a costly three-year process of restoration or replanting will be required.’
    • ‘Now the sentiment behind the hymn - the restoration of the Fatherland - had again become relevant.’
    • ‘He's unflinching on this: the restoration of his reputation is at stake.’
    • ‘The measure would eliminate commercial logging on federal public lands, promote restoration, and aid economically stressed logging communities.’
    • ‘The restoration of diversity is one of the keys not only to our survival but also to our prosperity in the future.’
    • ‘Environmental historians often have neglected stories of reforestation, restoration, and rehabilitation of damaged ecosystems.’
    • ‘However, literature on North Slope wetland restoration suggests that objectives of revegetation are vague.’
    • ‘Ecologists have long recognized the need to incorporate spatial scale into planning ecological restorations.’
    • ‘Ecosystem restoration is needed on many of our national forests to re-establish healthy, fire adaptive forestlands and to increase water resources.’
    • ‘By recalling the idyllic past, the poetic imagination can, by bringing forth the image of that apparently lost Utopia, promote its future restoration.’
    • ‘Given this, decisions about public funding for Everglades restoration will proceed with limited economic information.’
    • ‘The court declared that no money would be awarded for ecological restoration.’
    • ‘So I started asking colleagues for examples of successful salmon restoration.’
    • ‘He claimed to have finally kicked the drugs in 2002 with the help of a treatment called neurotransmitter restoration.’
    • ‘They have to be combined as far as possible with a policy of restoration of property in the form of family houses with gardens.’
    • ‘The first phase of the park's restoration is now complete.’
    repair, repairing, fixing, mending, refurbishment, reconditioning, rehabilitation, rebuilding, reconstruction, remodelling, redecoration, revamping, revamp, makeover, overhaul
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    1. 1.1 The process of restoring a building, work of art, etc. to its original condition.
      ‘the altar paintings seem in need of restoration’
      • ‘In this paper I discuss the ton bun tradition as a form of Buddhist revivalism, expressed essentially in the building or restoration of Buddhist monuments.’
      • ‘In 1949 the building was vacated as unsafe (at this time it was serving as the headquarters of the Civic Guard) and it has been many years in restoration and conversion to a museum.’
      • ‘One of the lessons learned from the programme was how reluctant the potential owners and tenants were to invest in historic buildings before restoration.’
      • ‘In Miami, restoration of the buildings was what rescued the district from the brink of dereliction.’
      • ‘As the owner of any old house will tell you, the repair and restoration of historic buildings is never cheap as it often demands special skills and expensive materials, and can involve hidden costs.’
      • ‘A great deal of the older ironwork in this country now needs careful restoration and painting.’
      • ‘The course of the rivulet of wine, from which a Bacchante is scooping a jugful, is confused, perhaps through the deterioration of the paint or through inept restoration.’
      • ‘The sight of the centuries-old structure, covered in ornate mosaics and undergoing restoration, struck the young artist with awe.’
      • ‘Even if the process of restoration did not definitively prove that this figure was part of the final design, the comparison with the drawing leaves no doubt on this point.’
      • ‘Tax relief is provided by the Revenue Commissioners in respect of expenditure incurred on the repair, maintenance or restoration of the approved building or garden.’
      • ‘This year sees the culmination of a major programme of restoration and redecoration at Temple Newsam House, Leeds, which contains one of England's finest art collections in a domestic setting.’
      • ‘This is one of several major discoveries that demonstrate how the room's restoration was a dynamic process of art-historical research, with implications for future scholarship.’
      • ‘In partnership with Eric Lange, Bromberg also specialises in the restoration of sound films.’
      • ‘During restoration, pages were photographed and a facsimile produced.’
      • ‘After the flood of 1966, the S Ruffillo Altarpiece underwent restoration.’
      • ‘During this restoration, the inscription was found to date from a later period than the rest of the painting, and was removed, along with much of the blue paint underneath it.’
      • ‘Ballingarrane remains an impressive country estate though the new owners will probably want to do some modernisation and restoration.’
      • ‘Finally, in 1971, the Mary Rose was definitively located and the process of recovery and restoration began in earnest, culminating in the raising of the ship 1982.’
      • ‘In marked contrast, the current restoration of Ballyfin is an exemplary model of close attention to the demesne landscape as well as the house itself.’
      • ‘I am keen to pursue a career in any aspect of the preservation, renovation and restoration of historic buildings.’
      repair, repairing, fixing, mending, refurbishment, reconditioning, rehabilitation, rebuilding, reconstruction, remodelling, redecoration, revamping, revamp, makeover, overhaul
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    2. 1.2 The reinstatement of a previous practice, right, or situation.
      ‘the restoration of capital punishment’
      • ‘For more than a decade now, the Lemhis have sought federal restoration of their status as a separate tribe.’
      • ‘Their agitation for a more powerful Dublin parliament was framed not as a progressive reform, but as the restoration of aristocratic prerogatives that had been taken away.’
      • ‘After World War II, the Canadian Indians became more vociferous in demanding a restoration of their rights.’
      • ‘When the Roosevelt administration took us off the gold standard in 1933, the bulk of the nation's economists opposed the move and advocated its speedy restoration.’
      • ‘The short-lived and disastrous attempt by James II to restore catholicism to England put paid to any restoration of relations with the papacy for all but the small recusant catholic community.’
      • ‘Of course, the most important thing was the restoration of democracy, freedom, and respect for human rights.’
      • ‘Yet I shall not join the hardy band of current advocates of the gold standard, who call for a virtual restoration of the status quo ante 1933.’
      • ‘Moreover, Brazil represented a restoration of the comfort she had experienced only fleetingly as a child.’
      • ‘Ecologist Daniel Botkin says the aim of restoration should be to bring a system within its natural ranges of variability.’
      • ‘The resolution of the Oedipal conflict between Horatio and his father, who had been promised Glorvina in marriage, points toward a restoration of the inheritance.’
      • ‘Over time, the process of restoration of traditional cults turned to whole-scale obliteration of all things associated with Akhenaten.’
      • ‘What if largely unpredictable environmental changes create disturbances but not restoration to a previous state of equilibrium?’
      • ‘The goal was a reform of the fundamental basis of social life and the restoration of power to the market to establish justice and equality.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the pensioners expressed a note of gratitude for the new increases offered, and promptly promised to press on with their demands for the restoration of the link between pensions and earnings.’
      • ‘In 1825, under threat of another French invasion and the restoration of slavery, Haitian officials signed the document which was to prove the beginning of the end for any hope of autonomy.’
      • ‘The choice was typically between the long path to prosecution or the rapid restoration of business functions.’
      • ‘In ancient Athens, the breakdown of the old society led to changes and to a long period of social turmoil caused by those who challenged the ongoing changes and called for the restoration of the old traditions.’
      • ‘Let us place this call for the restoration of national sovereignty in its historical context.’
      • ‘Veteran book publishers demanded a restoration of their former rights and privileges.’
      • ‘I will continue to campaign for the restoration of the independent circumstances allowance, and work towards a living allowance for all students.’
      return to a former position, return to power, bringing back, reinstitution, reinstallation, rehabilitation, re-establishment
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    3. 1.3Dentistry count noun A structure provided to replace or repair dental tissue so as to restore its form and function, such as a filling, crown, or bridge.
      • ‘There is no reliable evidence of systemic health risk to those with amalgam restorations, but it is recommended that they are not placed or removed in pregnant women’
      • ‘If these dental restorations are visible, the teeth will appear two-tone.’
      • ‘Dental implant restorations proved an excellent way to restore function, improving aesthetics and easily maintained.’
      • ‘‘Studies have failed to find any link between amalgam restorations and any medical disorder,’ the association says.’
      • ‘In a recent FDA Consumer Update, the agency reiterated that dental amalgams used in dental restorations are not harmful to patients.’
    4. 1.4count noun A model or drawing representing the supposed original form of an extinct animal, ruined building, etc.
      ‘published restorations are dodgy, based on single bones’
      • ‘Mr. Charles R. Knight, well known from his restoration of extinct animal life and models at the Museum of Natural History. has rendered the two heads of the African elephant and rhinoceros that form the main to the north entrance.’
      • ‘The first published restoration of I. bernissartensis appeared in this journal in 1882, but we chose for exhibition an 1884 restoration of I. mantelli, because of the unusual nature of the plate.’
      • ‘Indeed, Bakker's illustration of Deinonychus, made for Ostrom's 1969 description has become one of the most recognisable and iconic of dinosaur restorations.’
  • 2The return of a monarch to a throne, a head of state to government, or a regime to power.

    ‘the restoration of a democratic government’
    • ‘The restoration of the Stanley government in 1660 therefore caused as little friction and alteration as its temporary cessation had.’
    • ‘The restoration of the monarchy brought political oblivion, then intermittent government harassment for the rest of his life.’
    • ‘British imperial policy stiffened after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.’
    • ‘The restoration of the monarchy in 1660 could be seen as proof that, as kings had always argued, it was the bulwark against anarchy or despotism.’
    • ‘James Rothschild, his brother, arrived in Paris in 1811 and helped finance the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy.’
    • ‘In April 1936, he became Prime Minister upon the restoration of the monarchy, and on 4 August 1936 was given dictatorial powers.’
    • ‘All the indicators are that any free consultation of the community would have revealed an overwhelming consensus for a restoration of the Stuart monarchy.’
    • ‘The restoration of monarchies in 1814-15 heralded a wave of persecution of minorities deemed to be associated with revolution.’
    • ‘The restoration of the monarchy brought about the resumption of Anglican worship and its musical traditions.’
    • ‘Second, by spreading revolutionary ideals and institutions, Napoleon made it impossible for the restoration of the ancien regime.’
    • ‘In France, for example, a liberal restoration allowed the return of a free press and enabled the minister of finances to establish the annual budget as an immutable feature of French political life.’
    • ‘The defeat of the French meant the restoration of the old regimes in Italy, including the Papal States.’
    • ‘In 1814 Laplace supported the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy and cast his vote in the Senate against Napoleon.’
    • ‘The Directory tried to preserve the Revolution of 1789 - they opposed the restoration of the ancien regime as well as popular democracy.’
    • ‘His son succeeded him, but Richard Cromwell was not a strong ruler, and almost immediately the royalists began to work for a restoration of the Stuarts.’
    • ‘Royalists believed that it would smooth the way towards a restoration, and to hasten the moment, they favoured a conciliatory approach to both Austria and Great Britain.’
    • ‘During a brief restoration of the monarchy, under King George II's orders, they were all buried together in the family plot.’
    • ‘Although it liked to depict itself as a restoration of throne and altar, the Bourbon regime that succeeded Napoleon changed little of this.’
    • ‘Between the World Wars, the Greek population vacillated between the establishment of a republican form of government and the restoration of monarchy.’
    • ‘Three of his pictures travelled to London as a gift from the Dutch States General to King Charles II on his restoration to the throne in 1660.’
    reinstatement, reinstitution, re-establishment, reimposition, reinstallation, rehabilitation, return, putting back, replacing
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    1. 2.1the Restoration The re-establishment of Charles II as King of England in 1660. After the death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658, his son Richard (1626–1712) proved incapable of maintaining the Protectorate, and General Monck organized the king's return from exile.
    2. 2.2usually as modifier The period following the Restoration of Charles II.
      ‘Restoration drama’
      • ‘The laws of the Restoration period, especially the Test and Corporation Acts, kept the Catholic community on the margins.’
      • ‘Publishers and authors alike had to be concerned about the shifting currents in Restoration politics and religion.’
      • ‘One of the beacons of the Romantic reform movement, Hugo was among the most fervent partisans of English drama during the Restoration period in France.’
      • ‘The Stuart rule, and the Restoration politics that animated it, was never far from their minds.’
      • ‘He returned to England with the Restoration in 1660, then married Anne Hyde and had two daughters, Mary and Anne.’
      • ‘In the British Isles, the collapse of army rule enabled a renewed consensus to be built through the Restoration of 1660.’
      • ‘The actions and ideas inspired by millenarian radicalism in the early Restoration drew reproach from many.’
      • ‘Those who lecture on Restoration history and literature will discover useful tidbits guaranteed to enliven a sleepy class.’
      • ‘Like Rembrandt, his contemporaries among the Restoration portraitists favoured fanciful mythological guises.’
      • ‘Overall, peasants do seem to have been more prosperous after the Restoration, with a rise in living standards and a fall in mortality.’
      • ‘The Restoration of Charles II in 1660 took place on Parliament's terms.’
      • ‘The period after the Restoration of 1660 offered many opportunities for royalists well-connected enough to seize them.’
      • ‘But while the terms of the Restoration settlement made political change less likely, they also intensified the pressures for change.’
      • ‘The high point in Britain seems to have been the Restoration - a time of extremely generous royal patronage.’
      • ‘The crown, sword, and scepter were then buried under the floor of the parish kirk until the Restoration of Charles II.’
      • ‘The Restoration era showed a tendency to keep Catholics out of public offices.’
      • ‘In the Restoration theatre, the proscenium was merely the frame that masked the stage curtain, separating the scene from the platform, or forestage.’
      • ‘He criticized the Restoration state, its social and juridical base, and its orthodox religious ideology.’
      • ‘Their motives seem to have been in part political; the Restoration army was obliged to retain the services of large numbers of Imperial soldiers.’
      • ‘It takes a bold writer to attempt a biography of one of the most recognized and cited of Restoration Englishmen.’
    3. 2.3the Restoration The restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France in 1814, following the fall of Napoleon. Louis XVIII was recalled from exile by Talleyrand.


Late 15th century (denoting the action of restoring to a former state): partly from Old French, partly an alteration of obsolete restauration (from late Latin restauratio(n-), from the verb restaurare), suggested by restore.