Definition of respondent in English:

respondent

noun

  • 1Law
    A party against whom a petition is filed, especially one in an appeal or a divorce case.

    • ‘The first respondents to the appeal must pay the appellant's costs of the application.’
    • ‘Very well, and these other affidavits, I take it, are affidavits filed by the respondent.’
    • ‘The appellant's second ground of appeal is that the respondents are not suitable to be the donor's attorneys.’
    • ‘Whether the respondents cross petition against the petitioners was demurrable and should be struck out.’
    • ‘The statutory amendments shift the evidential burden of proof to the respondent if the complainant proves what he or she is required to prove at the first stage.’
    litigator, opponent in law, opponent, contestant, contender, disputant, plaintiff, claimant, complainant, petitioner, appellant, party, interest, defendant, accused
    View synonyms
  • 2A person who replies to something, especially one supplying information for a questionnaire or responding to an advertisement.

    ‘most respondents to our questionnaire considered their practices to be in accordance with current medical guidelines’
    • ‘Among the questions, respondents were asked to name their top three business role models.’
    • ‘Completion of the questionnaire constituted informed consent from the respondent.’
    • ‘With the information thereby obtained, a main respondent was designated, who then completed a household questionnaire.’
    • ‘The first part contains questions designed to collect basic demographic information regarding the respondent.’
    • ‘The respondents requested information on a number of occasions; this was not forwarded to them.’
    • ‘The questionnaire invited respondents to comment on each of the 31 indicators.’
    • ‘The first question asks the age at which respondents believe old age begins.’
    • ‘A few respondents thought they might be missing out on potentially interesting information.’
    • ‘At two years follow up we sent a postal questionnaire to those respondents who had been free of forearm pain at baseline.’
    • ‘The cover letter explained that there were no codes that could be used to link a completed questionnaire to a particular respondent.’
    • ‘Each respondent then dropped the questionnaire into the store's ballot box.’
    • ‘The research team administered the questionnaires verbally to each respondent.’
    • ‘After you finish question 12, thank the respondent for their time and offer them the info sheet that explains more about this study.’
    • ‘Denominators vary because not all respondents answered all questions.’
    • ‘Much remains to be learned about how respondents go about answering written questionnaires.’
    • ‘Always be clear about how you want respondents to indicate their replies when answering closed questions.’
    • ‘The questioning also includes queries about how prepared the respondent would be to pay extra in order to speed up improvements to the water network.’
    • ‘Almost one fourth of the respondents replied that it was cheaper than they expected.’
    • ‘Each respondent answered three questions, of which only the last concerned Mars.’
    • ‘We did not question respondents about why they did not use the internet, and so can say little on this issue.’

adjective

  • 1Law
    attributive In the position of a party defending against a petition.

    ‘the respondent defendant’
    • ‘But if he is named as a respondent, he is a respondent party to the proceedings, is he not?’
    • ‘It was submitted by Counsel for the respondent party that not to decide a matter referred to him for his decision amounted to giving a decision in excess of the jurisdiction of the adjudicator.’
    • ‘It is the respondent mother's position that she was coerced into accepting the revised support.’
    • ‘The position of the respondent husband may also be briefly stated.’
    • ‘Now, of course, none of the respondent defendants were parties to that action.’
  • 2attributive Replying to something.

    ‘the respondent firms in the survey’
    • ‘The unequal sample sizes in the four respondent groups were noted.’
    • ‘What are the primary learning needs of fathers from the perspective of both respondent groups?’
    • ‘Thus the actual levels of perceived social support cannot be discriminated by respondent category.’
    • ‘Analysis included comparison between and within respondent groups.’
    • ‘The most disturbing respondent narrative came from a female runner.’
  • 3Psychology
    attributive Involving or denoting a response, especially a conditioned reflex, to a specific stimulus.

    • ‘The kind of behavior that is correlated with specific eliciting stimuli may be called respondent behavior, and a given correlation a respondent.’
    • ‘Suppose a student cannot correctly state the distinction between operant and respondent behavior but can shape the lever press.’
    • ‘The first two, habituation and respondent learning are specific to behaviors called reflexes.’
    • ‘The results demonstrated that the sociality of a situation potentiates respondent laughter.’

Origin

Early 16th century (in respondent (sense 2 of the noun)): from Latin respondent- ‘answering, offering in return’, from the verb respondere (see respond).

Pronunciation

respondent

/rɪˈspɒnd(ə)nt/