Definition of resin in English:

resin

noun

  • 1mass noun A sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water, exuded by some trees and other plants (notably fir and pine)

    ‘clear resin had oozed to the surface, trickled down, and set’
    Compare with gum (sense 1 of the noun)
    • ‘When attacked by bark beetles, pine trees with a reduced capability to produce resin would be more vulnerable than pine trees with unimpaired resin production.’
    • ‘Timber from 340 oak trees was shaped with replica tools and treated with pine resin.’
    • ‘In the warm night air there was a ‘faint sweet smell of resin and burning trees'.’
    • ‘Five classes of floral resources were considered: pollen; nectar; oil; resin; and pollen/nectar.’
    • ‘Defoliation induced an increase in the number of resin droplets in the fertilized saplings.’
    • ‘Sit in the sun with a loaf of fresh bread, a hunk of cheese and some German sausage and soak up the medieval atmosphere and scent of flowers and pine resin.’
    • ‘Their first step was to obtain resin from the pine trees which at that time grew in dense forests throughout Europe.’
    • ‘Rich red and green glaze paints, more usually the former, in both early Netherlandish and German School paintings were often found to contain a little resin, usually pine tree resin, in addition to heat-bodied oil.’
    • ‘The sticky extrusive mass that comes from a cut on a pine tree is resin.’
    • ‘Between 1910 and 1920, for example, the number of trees tapped for resin increased from 260,000 to 2,135,000.’
    • ‘Other paints use sustainably-harvested tree resin as a binder.’
    • ‘Amber is made from aged, hardened tree sap or resin and can be found in just a few areas of the world where conditions were just right.’
    • ‘Bacteria have also been found in amber - fossilized tree resin - and in mummified tissues.’
    • ‘Look for hair removal systems made with ingredients such as sugar and pine resin.’
    • ‘Imagine windows on which particles of dirt - including tree resin, fingerprints, and bird droppings - disintegrate rapidly when exposed to sunlight.’
    • ‘Organisms preserved in amber (hardened resin from trees) are prized by paleontologists because of the fine details they retain.’
    • ‘Pine may ooze resin, so protect furniture and mantels with newspaper or plastic.’
    • ‘Amber is the fossilised resin of ancient pine trees, submerged under the sea in thin veins.’
    • ‘The affected trees likely responded to pathogenic infection by producing traumatic resin at the sites of inoculation.’
    • ‘Pine resin exudes from cuts in the needles or stem of the tree.’
  • 2A solid or liquid synthetic organic polymer used as the basis of plastics, adhesives, varnishes, or other products.

    ‘epoxy resins frequently cause dermatitis’
    mass noun ‘the chassis is constructed of synthetic resin’
    • ‘Construction of the hull of the 31 is a solid laminate of fiberglass cloth and polyester resin.’
    • ‘They consist of two components, a liquid resin and the hardener to convert the liquid resins to solid.’
    • ‘As we hoped, we were able to disperse the compounds in epoxy resins.’
    • ‘Copal is a general term for very hard, insoluble resins, where the polymer is usually cross-linked to form a tough matrix.’
    • ‘Synthetic resins capable of ion exchange have also been used in wine-making.’
    • ‘Acrylic resins transmit higher amounts of water vapor than other polymers.’
    • ‘Acetone is important in the manufacture of artificial fibers, explosives, and polycarbonate resins.’
    • ‘The specimens are quite attractive when cut in half and coated with an acrylic resin.’
    • ‘Built by hand, each form consists of a fiberglass and plywood support coated with highly finished polyester resin.’
    • ‘Polyurethanes are liquid plastic resins that dry to a durable satin or gloss finish.’
    • ‘The group also makes synthetic fibres, resins and plastics and petroleum products.’
    • ‘The scientists also filled the wormholes with a plastic resin to create molds of them.’
    • ‘Varnishes may be based on phenolic, alkyd, epoxy or polyurethane resins.’
    • ‘Wax and silicone rubber molds used with polyester resins have revolutionized the restoration of ancient glass.’
    • ‘One core was dried and impregnated with liquid epoxy resin, finally preserving the curious surface pattern of holes.’
    • ‘Granules of fertilizer are coated with a thermoplastic resin and a proprietary chemical release agent.’
    • ‘Polyester is made with synthetic resins and is known for it's strong, light and weather resistant qualities.’
    • ‘Epoxy resins are used in the construction of aircraft and automobiles.’
    • ‘Polymer binder resins protect the paper from humidity damage and help to fine-tune the stiffness and acoustic properties of the paper.’
    • ‘Hulls are constructed using fiberglass cloth, woven roving and fiberglass mat in combination with plastic resin.’
    lacquer, lac, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]usually as adjective resined
  • Rub or treat with resin.

    ‘resined canvas’
    • ‘Resined slabs are becoming the norm for a lot of quarries and there is no additional cost to the consumer.’
    • ‘Some experts say that resined stones do not need to be sealed since the resin acts as a sealer.’
    • ‘There will be some shiny drippy marks that look almost like varnish on the rough edges of the slab if the stone is resined.’
    • ‘It consists of a maple table covered with more than a dozen wire-framed globes of cream-colored resined paper, each different from the next.’
    lacquer, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin resina; related to Greek rhētinē ‘pine resin’. Compare with rosin.

Pronunciation

resin

/ˈrɛzɪn/