Definition of resin in English:

resin

noun

  • 1mass noun A sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water, exuded by some trees and other plants (notably fir and pine)

    ‘clear resin had oozed to the surface, trickled down, and set’
    Compare with gum (sense 1 of the noun)
    • ‘Bacteria have also been found in amber - fossilized tree resin - and in mummified tissues.’
    • ‘Organisms preserved in amber (hardened resin from trees) are prized by paleontologists because of the fine details they retain.’
    • ‘Other paints use sustainably-harvested tree resin as a binder.’
    • ‘Between 1910 and 1920, for example, the number of trees tapped for resin increased from 260,000 to 2,135,000.’
    • ‘Pine resin exudes from cuts in the needles or stem of the tree.’
    • ‘Imagine windows on which particles of dirt - including tree resin, fingerprints, and bird droppings - disintegrate rapidly when exposed to sunlight.’
    • ‘Timber from 340 oak trees was shaped with replica tools and treated with pine resin.’
    • ‘When attacked by bark beetles, pine trees with a reduced capability to produce resin would be more vulnerable than pine trees with unimpaired resin production.’
    • ‘Rich red and green glaze paints, more usually the former, in both early Netherlandish and German School paintings were often found to contain a little resin, usually pine tree resin, in addition to heat-bodied oil.’
    • ‘The affected trees likely responded to pathogenic infection by producing traumatic resin at the sites of inoculation.’
    • ‘The sticky extrusive mass that comes from a cut on a pine tree is resin.’
    • ‘Look for hair removal systems made with ingredients such as sugar and pine resin.’
    • ‘Amber is made from aged, hardened tree sap or resin and can be found in just a few areas of the world where conditions were just right.’
    • ‘Their first step was to obtain resin from the pine trees which at that time grew in dense forests throughout Europe.’
    • ‘Pine may ooze resin, so protect furniture and mantels with newspaper or plastic.’
    • ‘Defoliation induced an increase in the number of resin droplets in the fertilized saplings.’
    • ‘Amber is the fossilised resin of ancient pine trees, submerged under the sea in thin veins.’
    • ‘In the warm night air there was a ‘faint sweet smell of resin and burning trees'.’
    • ‘Sit in the sun with a loaf of fresh bread, a hunk of cheese and some German sausage and soak up the medieval atmosphere and scent of flowers and pine resin.’
    • ‘Five classes of floral resources were considered: pollen; nectar; oil; resin; and pollen/nectar.’
  • 2A solid or liquid synthetic organic polymer used as the basis of plastics, adhesives, varnishes, or other products.

    ‘epoxy resins frequently cause dermatitis’
    mass noun ‘the chassis is constructed of synthetic resin’
    • ‘Construction of the hull of the 31 is a solid laminate of fiberglass cloth and polyester resin.’
    • ‘One core was dried and impregnated with liquid epoxy resin, finally preserving the curious surface pattern of holes.’
    • ‘Epoxy resins are used in the construction of aircraft and automobiles.’
    • ‘Acrylic resins transmit higher amounts of water vapor than other polymers.’
    • ‘Hulls are constructed using fiberglass cloth, woven roving and fiberglass mat in combination with plastic resin.’
    • ‘Granules of fertilizer are coated with a thermoplastic resin and a proprietary chemical release agent.’
    • ‘As we hoped, we were able to disperse the compounds in epoxy resins.’
    • ‘Copal is a general term for very hard, insoluble resins, where the polymer is usually cross-linked to form a tough matrix.’
    • ‘Acetone is important in the manufacture of artificial fibers, explosives, and polycarbonate resins.’
    • ‘Polymer binder resins protect the paper from humidity damage and help to fine-tune the stiffness and acoustic properties of the paper.’
    • ‘Polyurethanes are liquid plastic resins that dry to a durable satin or gloss finish.’
    • ‘Wax and silicone rubber molds used with polyester resins have revolutionized the restoration of ancient glass.’
    • ‘Synthetic resins capable of ion exchange have also been used in wine-making.’
    • ‘The scientists also filled the wormholes with a plastic resin to create molds of them.’
    • ‘Varnishes may be based on phenolic, alkyd, epoxy or polyurethane resins.’
    • ‘They consist of two components, a liquid resin and the hardener to convert the liquid resins to solid.’
    • ‘Polyester is made with synthetic resins and is known for it's strong, light and weather resistant qualities.’
    • ‘Built by hand, each form consists of a fiberglass and plywood support coated with highly finished polyester resin.’
    • ‘The specimens are quite attractive when cut in half and coated with an acrylic resin.’
    • ‘The group also makes synthetic fibres, resins and plastics and petroleum products.’
    lacquer, lac, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]usually as adjective resined
  • Rub or treat with resin.

    ‘resined canvas’
    • ‘Resined slabs are becoming the norm for a lot of quarries and there is no additional cost to the consumer.’
    • ‘It consists of a maple table covered with more than a dozen wire-framed globes of cream-colored resined paper, each different from the next.’
    • ‘Some experts say that resined stones do not need to be sealed since the resin acts as a sealer.’
    • ‘There will be some shiny drippy marks that look almost like varnish on the rough edges of the slab if the stone is resined.’
    lacquer, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin resina; related to Greek rhētinē ‘pine resin’. Compare with rosin.

Pronunciation

resin

/ˈrɛzɪn/