Definition of resin in English:

resin

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water, exuded by some trees and other plants (notably fir and pine):

    ‘clear resin had oozed to the surface, trickled down, and set’
    Compare with gum
    • ‘Amber is made from aged, hardened tree sap or resin and can be found in just a few areas of the world where conditions were just right.’
    • ‘In the warm night air there was a ‘faint sweet smell of resin and burning trees'.’
    • ‘Five classes of floral resources were considered: pollen; nectar; oil; resin; and pollen/nectar.’
    • ‘Pine may ooze resin, so protect furniture and mantels with newspaper or plastic.’
    • ‘The affected trees likely responded to pathogenic infection by producing traumatic resin at the sites of inoculation.’
    • ‘When attacked by bark beetles, pine trees with a reduced capability to produce resin would be more vulnerable than pine trees with unimpaired resin production.’
    • ‘Organisms preserved in amber (hardened resin from trees) are prized by paleontologists because of the fine details they retain.’
    • ‘Imagine windows on which particles of dirt - including tree resin, fingerprints, and bird droppings - disintegrate rapidly when exposed to sunlight.’
    • ‘Timber from 340 oak trees was shaped with replica tools and treated with pine resin.’
    • ‘Defoliation induced an increase in the number of resin droplets in the fertilized saplings.’
    • ‘Pine resin exudes from cuts in the needles or stem of the tree.’
    • ‘Bacteria have also been found in amber - fossilized tree resin - and in mummified tissues.’
    • ‘Look for hair removal systems made with ingredients such as sugar and pine resin.’
    • ‘Rich red and green glaze paints, more usually the former, in both early Netherlandish and German School paintings were often found to contain a little resin, usually pine tree resin, in addition to heat-bodied oil.’
    • ‘Between 1910 and 1920, for example, the number of trees tapped for resin increased from 260,000 to 2,135,000.’
    • ‘Sit in the sun with a loaf of fresh bread, a hunk of cheese and some German sausage and soak up the medieval atmosphere and scent of flowers and pine resin.’
    • ‘Amber is the fossilised resin of ancient pine trees, submerged under the sea in thin veins.’
    • ‘Other paints use sustainably-harvested tree resin as a binder.’
    • ‘The sticky extrusive mass that comes from a cut on a pine tree is resin.’
    • ‘Their first step was to obtain resin from the pine trees which at that time grew in dense forests throughout Europe.’
  • 2A solid or liquid synthetic organic polymer used as the basis of plastics, adhesives, varnishes, or other products:

    ‘epoxy resins frequently cause dermatitis’
    [mass noun] ‘the chassis is constructed of synthetic resin’
    • ‘Synthetic resins capable of ion exchange have also been used in wine-making.’
    • ‘Acrylic resins transmit higher amounts of water vapor than other polymers.’
    • ‘Acetone is important in the manufacture of artificial fibers, explosives, and polycarbonate resins.’
    • ‘Wax and silicone rubber molds used with polyester resins have revolutionized the restoration of ancient glass.’
    • ‘One core was dried and impregnated with liquid epoxy resin, finally preserving the curious surface pattern of holes.’
    • ‘Epoxy resins are used in the construction of aircraft and automobiles.’
    • ‘Granules of fertilizer are coated with a thermoplastic resin and a proprietary chemical release agent.’
    • ‘The scientists also filled the wormholes with a plastic resin to create molds of them.’
    • ‘Hulls are constructed using fiberglass cloth, woven roving and fiberglass mat in combination with plastic resin.’
    • ‘Copal is a general term for very hard, insoluble resins, where the polymer is usually cross-linked to form a tough matrix.’
    • ‘As we hoped, we were able to disperse the compounds in epoxy resins.’
    • ‘Construction of the hull of the 31 is a solid laminate of fiberglass cloth and polyester resin.’
    • ‘They consist of two components, a liquid resin and the hardener to convert the liquid resins to solid.’
    • ‘The specimens are quite attractive when cut in half and coated with an acrylic resin.’
    • ‘The group also makes synthetic fibres, resins and plastics and petroleum products.’
    • ‘Varnishes may be based on phenolic, alkyd, epoxy or polyurethane resins.’
    • ‘Built by hand, each form consists of a fiberglass and plywood support coated with highly finished polyester resin.’
    • ‘Polyester is made with synthetic resins and is known for it's strong, light and weather resistant qualities.’
    • ‘Polymer binder resins protect the paper from humidity damage and help to fine-tune the stiffness and acoustic properties of the paper.’
    • ‘Polyurethanes are liquid plastic resins that dry to a durable satin or gloss finish.’
    lacquer, lac, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax
    View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]usually as adjective resined
  • Rub or treat with resin:

    ‘resined canvas’
    • ‘Some experts say that resined stones do not need to be sealed since the resin acts as a sealer.’
    • ‘Resined slabs are becoming the norm for a lot of quarries and there is no additional cost to the consumer.’
    • ‘It consists of a maple table covered with more than a dozen wire-framed globes of cream-colored resined paper, each different from the next.’
    • ‘There will be some shiny drippy marks that look almost like varnish on the rough edges of the slab if the stone is resined.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin resina; related to Greek rhētinē pine resin. Compare with rosin.

Pronunciation:

resin

/ˈrɛzɪn/