Definition of resignation in English:



  • 1An act of resigning from a job or office.

    ‘he announced his resignation’
    • ‘He demanded the rescinding of the pipeline project and the resignation of the president.’
    • ‘Other officers had announced their resignation from the committee.’
    • ‘It was there that the Dutchman announced his resignation.’
    • ‘The governments are worried that the instability at Eurotunnel will lead to resignations of technical and safety personnel, the newspaper claimed.’
    • ‘The group demanded my immediate resignation, and printed my e-mail address on its Web site.’
    • ‘Do you expect mass resignations from the board?’
    • ‘Announcing his resignation, even on the eve of an election, was the right choice.’
    • ‘The sudden resignation of a director should arouse your suspicion, as should significant changes in buying patterns.’
    • ‘Several high-profile resignations and retirements have hit hospitals in recent months.’
    • ‘The reporting of these two journalists eventually forced the resignation of a president.’
    • ‘I am thankful to citizens who sent me letters of support and email after I announced my resignation in July, " he said.’
    • ‘Sadly, he has not recovered and they regretfully announced his resignation on Monday.’
    • ‘‘If I don't get a satisfactory response, I will be calling for details on who was responsible for this and I will be calling for resignations,’ he said.’
    • ‘Has she heard from the first minister since announcing her resignation?’
    • ‘He announced his resignation from the nomination shortly after, saying he wanted to devote all his energies to regaining his health.’
    • ‘It won't surprise you, I think, that I'm here to announce my resignation from the Shadow Cabinet and the Ministry.’
    • ‘I did say that not all ministerial resignations lead to an urgent debate.’
    • ‘He remained in office until his resignation in March 1971.’
    • ‘They voted 34 against with 11 in favour, forcing the immediate resignation of the entire board.’
    • ‘There are record resignations and a shortage of quality replacements.’
    departure, leaving, standing down, stepping down, retirement
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    1. 1.1A document conveying someone's intention of resigning.
      ‘I've handed in my resignation’
      • ‘If any of you feel you cannot support this program, I will receive your resignation immediately after this meeting.’
      • ‘He will hand in his resignation to the President on Tuesday after a scheduled cabinet meeting, officials said.’
      • ‘He apparently felt that including his resignation in this document would bring the matter to a head.’
      • ‘He will succeeded in persuading them either to take their resignations back or will not send them to the chief minister for onward transmission to Governor for acceptance.’
      • ‘The agriculture and forestry minister tendered his resignation in protest of the halting of the ministry's project.’
      • ‘He could not comment on when Mr Smith handed in his resignation or when it will come into effect.’
      • ‘It is expected that by the end of this week, 10,000 teachers will have submitted their resignations to the Teaching Services Commission.’
      • ‘It was from an old employee of the Patent Office, offering his resignation to the head of the department.’
      • ‘On Saturday he was told he would be suspended for seven weeks - and then faxed his resignation to headquarters.’
      • ‘The deputy editor of the newspaper had indicated he will hand in his formal resignation this afternoon.’
      • ‘The Commercial manager has tendered his resignation and will be leaving shortly.’
      • ‘Instead, he has tendered his resignation from the party.’
      • ‘He has sent the authority a resignation letter signalling his intention to quit from next Monday.’
      • ‘An email had been received from the Councillor tendering his resignation which was accepted.’
      • ‘I told Janet that if I don't figure my problems out soon I will hand in my resignation.’
      • ‘Two Independent Ministers will also tender their resignation, sources said.’
      notice, notice to quit, letter of resignation
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    2. 1.2Chess An act of ending a game by conceding defeat without being checkmated.
      • ‘In chess, resignation is signaled by tipping over one's king.’
      • ‘New analysis has now come to light on what may have been a premature resignation in game 6.’
      • ‘The computer won its match with human World Chess Champion Kasparov by causing his resignation in Game 6 after only 19 moves, after what had been an even contest to that point.’
  • 2[mass noun] The acceptance of something undesirable but inevitable.

    ‘a shrug of resignation’
    • ‘‘But we're never going to do something that everybody likes,’ adds his wife, with a shrug of resignation.’
    • ‘This short final excursion cost poor Cherub but I could see resignation and acceptance in both Belinda and Cherub upon their return.’
    • ‘Then with a shrug of resignation, all he could offer was a throwaway comment, ‘that's the way it is’.’
    • ‘The actress is frequently locked into playing a stoic, good-natured sufferer with a look of passive resignation about her.’
    • ‘Maybe it's an air of resignation; most delegates realise that what they think matters very little.’
    • ‘She received this news with a combination of acceptance and sorrowful resignation.’
    • ‘Annamma is no match for her husband either in stature or in qualities and accepts her lot with resignation.’
    • ‘The initial amazement and anger which greeted his decision has given way, in most quarters, to shrugged resignation.’
    • ‘With a shrug of resignation, the manservant slapped him lightly across the face.’
    • ‘He shrugged in uncaring resignation and reclined back into a more comfortable position.’
    • ‘Across the Western world, commentators of various sorts have noted this growing public resignation to powerlessness.’
    • ‘Slowly the atmosphere transforms itself into one of acceptance and resignation.’
    • ‘This doesn't seem to have come from apathy or resignation at the inevitability of this war.’
    • ‘His final illness was accepted with resignation, courage and good humour.’
    • ‘Rather than fortitude, courage or conviction, his morality play teaches resignation, passivity and submission.’
    • ‘Rebecca leaned back into his hold and shrugged with resignation.’
    • ‘His coach shrugged his shoulders in resignation.’
    • ‘I did see something cross his face, but he went back to his usual look of resignation when I corrected him.’
    • ‘One could debate whether that statement reflects acceptance or simply resignation.’
    patience, forbearance, tolerance, stoicism, endurance, fortitude, sufferance, lack of protest, lack of complaint, acceptance of the inevitable, fatalism, acceptance, acquiescence, compliance, passivity, passiveness, non-resistance, submission, docility, phlegm
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Late Middle English: via Old French from medieval Latin resignatio(n-), from resignare unseal, cancel (see resign).