Definition of research in English:


Pronunciation /ˈriːsəːtʃ//rɪˈsəːtʃ/


mass nounalso researches
  • 1The systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.

    ‘the group carries out research in geochemistry’
    ‘medical research’
    ‘he prefaces his study with a useful summary of his own researches’
    • ‘His first big strike had been the product of careful research and systematic exploration.’
    • ‘The study comes as new research has shown that a third of British workers would welcome the chance to work from home.’
    • ‘He should not be required to carry out any prolonged research, enquiry or experiment.’
    • ‘These are rare, though there have been calls for research to establish how significant the risk is.’
    • ‘There has been lots of work on child behaviour, which is borne out by serious medical research.’
    • ‘It is salutary to wonder how much more beneficial it would have been to have spent these sums of money on medical research.’
    • ‘These experiments were carried out under the guise of medical and scientific research.’
    • ‘The fact is that medical research is not concerned with the welfare of animals, and nor should it be.’
    • ‘At its most recent council meeting it agreed to set up a working party to examine impediments to medical research.’
    • ‘Such tools are helpful, but much more work is needed in both primary research and systematic reviews.’
    • ‘Further research is needed to establish the outcomes that mothers themselves value.’
    • ‘It is too early to draw any firm conclusions on this question from research carried out to date.’
    • ‘From the perspective of medical research, the head is as legitimate an object of study as the kidney or liver.’
    • ‘As well, educational facilities and space research has reached the stage of advanced nations.’
    • ‘A place for qualitative research in systematic reviews now seems established.’
    • ‘It offers a very useful starting point and brings together much previous research and primary sources.’
    • ‘Research funded by drug companies was less likely to be published than research funded by other sources.’
    • ‘We support the humane use of animals and genetic technology where necessary in medical research.’
    • ‘One startling fact to emerge from research is the great differences in levels of infection.’
    • ‘I hope over two or three years we'll raise funds for diabetes research which will reach seven figures.’
    investigation, experimentation, testing, exploration, analysis, fact-finding, examination, scrutiny, scrutinization, probing
    experiments, experimentation, tests, enquiries, studies, analyses, work
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1as modifier Engaged in or intended for research.
      ‘a research student’
      ‘a research paper’
      • ‘Thus, testing the hypothesis developed in this paper remains a future research objective.’
      • ‘A research paper in the journal Science found the number of new infections was rising.’
      • ‘When he had been there only about a year, a new research student asked if they could fix a time for a regular weekly meeting.’
      • ‘The above study should be viewed in the context of a student research project.’
      • ‘They gave me great feedback that helped me improve my research papers in various ways.’
      • ‘He remained there for 50 years, and on retirement signed on as a research student.’
      • ‘After taking his first degree he remained at Cambridge as a research student then became a fellow.’
      • ‘I actually came across the last name when doing a research paper on Mary Queen of Scots last year.’
      • ‘The student might address the research question by comparing and contrasting old and new.’
      • ‘She passed her first year examinations as a Ph.D. research student without difficulty.’
      • ‘I'm currently writing a short research paper on links between magic and technology.’
      • ‘The team hopes to get extra cash to pay for more research staff and equipment.’
      • ‘There are more than 12,000 research papers alone on the effect of fluoride on the thyroid gland.’
      • ‘On the other hand, my students and my research assistant gained some benefit from this activity as well.’
      • ‘At Cambridge he quickly built a large active group of research students around him.’
      • ‘The book will be most suitable for research students, postdocs and academics.’
      • ‘Her research project involves developing armour plating for military vehicles.’
      • ‘Whether there was pharmaceutical sponsorship of the research papers is unclear.’
      • ‘Institutions have been eager to pursue a sharp growth in their output of research papers.’
      • ‘I have fairly good ideas for two of my research papers, and a vague idea for the third.’


  • 1Investigate systematically.

    ‘she has spent the last five years researching her people's history’
    no object ‘the team have been researching into flora and fauna’
    • ‘I am quite capable of researching the effects of both substances for myself.’
    • ‘He had extensively researched the subject and looked at the links between the men's union and the mob.’
    • ‘The actress plays Eve, a beautiful scientist researching into the working of the human heart.’
    • ‘She is still researching their exact functions, but it seems almost certain that humans have comparable genes.’
    • ‘The company takes advantage of the time and resources to explore and research ideas.’
    • ‘The study is researching the practice of planting soybeans into cover crops of winter rye.’
    • ‘He is currently researching the social history of night in American cities.’
    • ‘This book should be found on the shelves of all those who are researching into or are interested in plant desiccation.’
    • ‘The Doctor and his team will be researching into how the body can fight heart disease naturally.’
    • ‘You now have an explanation for your second point, that the hours were spent in researching into the law and matters of that kind.’
    • ‘Other methods of illustrating the vitality of food and water have been researched within the biodynamic system.’
    • ‘She worked hard and researched new methods of assessment and treatment.’
    • ‘Although still at an early stage of development, it is being actively researched by scientists.’
    • ‘He was researching into the production of artificial rubber and fuel.’
    • ‘Students researched their topic and wrote a paper based on information obtained from peer-reviewed literature.’
    • ‘Students extensively research their subjects, making sure they're not replicating existing work.’
    • ‘This is a little researched area, and systematic analyses are not available.’
    • ‘I think this means reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and researching into alternative energy sources.’
    • ‘The article was extensively researched, with hundreds of American teenagers talking about their sex lives.’
    • ‘He had spent years researching methods of improving literacy in New Zealand and overseas.’
    investigate, conduct investigations into, study, enquire into, make enquiries into, look into, probe, explore, analyse, examine, scrutinize, inspect, review, assess
    study, read, read up on, pore over, delve into, dig into, sift through
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Discover or verify information for use in (a book, programme, etc.)
      ‘I was in New York researching my novel’
      ‘it's a piece of work that's carefully researched, strongly argued, and beautifully written’
      • ‘Every parent in North America should read this astonishing, thoroughly researched book.’
      • ‘He began by thoroughly researching what time of year would be most appropriate for this type of event.’
      • ‘The book is well researched and there are times when some real humour emerges from the text.’
      • ‘While small, the errors do distract from an otherwise meticulously researched book.’
      • ‘We will also be researching the international market and following the trends in color.’
      • ‘Work continues on researching the market, creating samples and pulling it all together into a cohesive business plan.’
      • ‘While researching the book he decided to have a drink in every bar that bears his name, and there are plenty of those.’
      • ‘They may demand plays and book serialisations and properly researched programmes.’
      • ‘What's the most surprising thing you learned about lobsters while researching your book?’
      • ‘Normally, an author doesn't have to prove that a book is meticulously researched.’
      • ‘John spent over five years researching the book which will definitely be a collectors item.’
      • ‘Her day starts with a round of toast and, if she is not researching the programme, she looks after the show's guests for the day.’
      • ‘I was there researching a book, and had no intention of actually doing any climbing.’
      • ‘We have been researching the market for a suitable place for a long time.’
      • ‘She began researching the book although many of the ideas are based on games and ideas that she and her husband have done with their children.’
      • ‘He is widely travelled - both as a result of researching his books and because of his work as a freelance travel journalist.’
      • ‘Bill has backed the scheme as he is a keen metal detector fan and is researching a book on the subject.’
      • ‘In the course of researching my book, I came to believe that, morally, over-eating is wrong.’
      • ‘He got the idea after coming across the real LAPD bomb squad office by accident, while researching another book.’
      • ‘Although the work is based only on published material, this part of the book is well researched and convincing.’


The traditional pronunciation in British English puts the stress on the second syllable, -search. In US English the stress is reversed and comes on the re-. The US pronunciation is becoming more common in British English and, while some traditionalists view it as incorrect, it is now generally accepted as a standard variant of British English


Late 16th century: from obsolete French recerche (noun), recercher (verb), from Old French re- (expressing intensive force) + cerchier ‘to search’.