Definition of res publica in English:

res publica


  • The state, republic, or commonwealth.

    • ‘The condition of openness implied by the term res publica facilitates opportunities for an awareness of contingencies bearing on human interest evoking satisfaction, indifference, of dissatisfaction.’
    • ‘The public was the res publica or nation as a whole rather than an aspect of it, and the nation was embodied or ‘represented’ in the divinely anointed or providentially empowered figure of the king.’
    • ‘A typical novus homo (first of his family to reach the senate and/or consulship), like Cato the Elder before him and Cicero after him, Marius wanted to beat the nobles at their own game and win acceptance as a leader of their res publica.’
    • ‘The original Latin term res publica means ‘public thing.’’
    • ‘Too often these days we reduce philosophy to confession and intimacy to kitsch precisely because we live without a sense of the democratic res publica.’
    • ‘It diminishes the republic - the res publica, or public things that define our commonweal.’
    • ‘I wish you the very best of luck in addressing and dismantling this mind-boggling distortion of the democratic and social values of a res publica.’
    • ‘They have helped to re-awaken a notion of the res publica: a decent realm which we can all share with dignity.’
    • ‘Only a tiny minority had a real political role in the res publica as a whole.’
    • ‘Third, the justification for taxation resides in an obligation to contribute to the funding of the res publica.’
    • ‘The term republic comes from Latin word res publica meaning ‘public affairs.’’
    • ‘The inner forum, our self-awareness in foro interno, disturbs the outer forum of the republic, the res publica.’
    • ‘It represented the separation of the private household and its economy from the sphere of collective public institutions - the polis or res publica.’
    • ‘The word is derived from the Latin res publica, or ‘public affair’, and suggests an ownership and control of the state by the population at large.’
    • ‘The story is, in effect, a theater review, with the viewers of the speech assumed to be an audience that wants to be entertained and impressed rather than a public - the citizens of a res publica - needing to be convinced.’
    • ‘The res publica, as the popes called it, was intended to represent a restored Roman state with authority in much of Italy under secular papal rule.’
    • ‘In The City of God, St Augustine revised Cicero's famous definition of a res publica to read: ‘a multitude of rational beings united by agreeing to share the things they love.’’
    • ‘It was in no sense a kind of political power, but those charged with the conduct of the res publica, or public business did not lightly ignore it.’
    • ‘They are seen, like firemen and policemen, as guardians of the public good, of the res publica, those things of the public that we all care about.’


Latin, literally ‘public matter’.


res publica

/reɪz ˈpʊblɪkə//ˈpʌblɪkə/