Definition of replication in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The action of copying or reproducing something.

    ‘the extraordinary speed and replication of information created by computerization’
    • ‘Then, healthy caterpillars ingest the occlusion bodies and release the virus when feeding on contaminated leaves, thus continuing the life cycle of infection and replication.’
    • ‘Lobe's project dwells on replication but not copy, on transformation and reconfiguration, trompe-l'oeil with a twist, and gives more than just a nod to notions about materials and process.’
    • ‘Then a ‘check disc’ will be pressed and tested and finally, once that's approved, replication of the disc can go ahead.’
    • ‘Like its synchronous counterpart, real-time asynchronous replication is used to protect organizations from the loss or unavailability of a primary storage device.’
    • ‘Given the large amount of time required to obtain new batches of random numbers, the simulation is performed with twenty-five batches of 250 replications each.’
    • ‘The playback feature ensures exact mechanical replication of the sounds produced in the original performance.’
    • ‘Machines accelerate, the near-deafening audio intensifies, and the rate of image replication reaches viral speeds, spawning a climactic mosaic of more than 2,200 constituent frames.’
    • ‘However, there are instances of replication with the ‘realism’ of Victorian fiction having made a deep impression on those who had enjoyed the benefits of English education.’
    • ‘Clearly a map or a language would be rendered useless if mere replication replaced representation.’
    • ‘Electronic commerce is leading the way to using disk-based mirrors for data replication and data distribution.’
    • ‘If the band's established sound wasn't such a direct homage, replication of a former release might be considered a major fault.’
    • ‘Wilson's third chapter has a straightforward connoisseurial emphasis on the interpretation of visual evidence, especially her analyses of the production of replication.’
    • ‘We needed a solution to facilitate real-time replication of the Information Store for our Microsoft Exchange servers.’
    • ‘If the artist takes his or her earlier work seriously enough to re-present it, inevitably in revised form since revision is inherent in the mere act of replication, the reader/viewer is challenged to reconsider it.’
    • ‘If counterfeiters invent new replication technologies, the ‘Forces of Good’ will have to develop even better detection regimens.’
    • ‘A teacher's instructions constitute verbal directives in guiding a student toward closer replication of the model.’
    • ‘Part of the disquieting effect produced by this monument results from the irony with which Michelangelo invested it, the degree to which representation has been subordinated to simulation and replication.’
    • ‘By simultaneously maintaining and dashing assumptions, he triggers ruminations on image reproduction via photography and, beyond that, on that archetype of image replication, the mirror.’
    • ‘While this replication of the system could serve to verify the hegemonic structures, in the case of survival horror video games, it serves to further undermine those structures.’
    • ‘They are dominated by classified ads: missing person searches, compact disc replication, name-change announcements and other intimations of a world of phantom insubstantiality.’
    copying, duplication, duplicating, replication, replicating
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    1. 1.1[count noun]A copy.
      ‘a twentieth-century building would be cheaper than a replication of what was there before’
      • ‘The bootstrap sampling was limited to 100 replications because of the computationally intensive nature of the simulation.’
      • ‘Celebrity obsessed fans can snap up exact replications of star's dentures which clip-on to the front of their own teeth giving them a Hollywood smile.’
      copy, model, duplicate, reproduction, replication
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    2. 1.2The repetition of a scientific experiment or trial to obtain a consistent result.
      ‘on its own, replication does not validate a theory derived from experimental results’
      • ‘Two key elements in any experimental design are randomization and replication.’
      • ‘It would be interesting to explore these results with further study via replication of this study in similar courses at multiple universities and/or over several years at the same university.’
      recurrence, reoccurrence, repeat, rerun, replication, duplication
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    3. 1.3The process by which genetic material or a living organism gives rise to a copy of itself.
      ‘HIV replication’
      [count noun] ‘a crucial step in cold virus replications’
      • ‘Drugs that block HIV replication in test tubes have been shown to reduce viral load in people with HIV and delay progression to AIDS.’
      • ‘The replication of DNA occurs when the hydrogen bonds between the bases of each strand break, and the molecule divides into two, like a zipper being opened.’
      • ‘As thoroughly as DNA replication, the beats slowly tense into a mid range tempo with this same lyric repeated here and there, with rhythms unwinding themselves just as smoothly for the song's fading finish.’
      • ‘There is no aim in the actual replication of the particular sequences of nucleotides, with the possible exception of replication itself, that is, of life, The aim or goal of life is that of continuing itself.’
      • ‘The major advantage of chemically altered vaccines is they are safe to use with pregnant animals because there is no systemic replication of the vaccine organism.’
      • ‘In chemotherapy, the drug has been shown to inhibit the activity of an enzyme essential for the replication of cancer cells, thereby preventing their spread.’
      • ‘ARS researchers and their Austrian colleagues have developed PCR primers that initiate this DNA replication.’
  • 2Law
    dated A plaintiff's reply to the defendant's plea.

    ‘in the replication the plaintiff went on to state many additional facts’
    defence, plea, refutation, rebuttal
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Late Middle English: from Old French replicacion, from Latin replicatio(n-), from replicare fold back, repeat, later ‘make a reply’(see replicate).