Definition of replicate in English:



  • 1 Make an exact copy of; reproduce.

    ‘it might be impractical to replicate Eastern culture in the west’
    • ‘A lot of immigrants finish up replicating the culture they came from.’
    • ‘In addition, in its celebration of irreducible difference, postmodernism has been castigated for replicating the very categories of racist ideological thought that it is intended to supersede.’
    • ‘The London version may come from the large room, which Pacheco saw on his visit to El Greco, full of reduced versions of his paintings which he kept for replicating his works or as a record of their authenticity.’
    • ‘This vaccine induces protective immunity but does not allow the virus to replicate - copy itself - or pass from bird to bird.’
    • ‘In the days before xerox machines, a carbon copy was the best way of replicating a piece of writing.’
    • ‘In particular, it would be important to replicate this study using different cultural products in order to see if the observed effects can be generalized across art product categories.’
    • ‘This is of particular importance since the surviving imperial portraits are copies that replicate officially sanctioned prototypes with varying degrees of fidelity and skill.’
    • ‘In another plaque, Prussian blue pigment, meant to replicate copper corrosion, obscures much of the surface.’
    • ‘However, with the amount media circulating today there is no communication by replicating traditional design principles.’
    • ‘Hobby's architectural hypothesis that places parent-child bonds at the core of all forms of love is true on this view because of the operation of universal organic drives to reproduce or replicate ourselves.’
    • ‘Cloning will be used for far more than replicating a mammal or reproducing a child.’
    • ‘Likewise, their movements are falling into selected rhythmic patterns by age 3, and they are capable of clapping rhythmically and replicating short rhythms on instruments before kindergarten.’
    • ‘What it concerns itself more with is with replicating the successes of genre titles gone by.’
    • ‘Perhaps they replicate each other and work together on occasion, but their roles are different.’
    • ‘‘This method replicates how problems occur in life,’ he says.’
    • ‘Made up of roughly circular lines that form tight clusters, they're somewhat like the system drawings of Tara Donovan or James Siena, often replicating the organic structure of fungi or barnacles.’
    • ‘She does idealize the island, at times, particularly as her characters try to replicate island culture within their (often dismal) mainland barrios.’
    • ‘In a sense, this private menagerie replicates the oldest of human/animal relationships which was the aristocratic privilege of ownership that was the prevalent model until the French Revolution.’
    • ‘A full copy snapshot replicates the data set in its entirety.’
    • ‘The form of the headdress also almost completely replicates the form of the short-handled agricultural hoe.’
    copy, reproduce, duplicate, make a copy of, make a replica of
    recreate, repeat, perform again
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    1. 1.1(of genetic material or a living organism) reproduce or give rise to a copy of itself.
      ‘interleukin-16 prevents the virus from replicating itself’
      • ‘With this deletion, the chimeric virus was less able to replicate itself when injected into the monkeys.’
      • ‘Like most RNA viruses they accumulate mutations very fast, and the way the virus RNA replicates itself facilitates frequent recombination.’
      • ‘Fewer than 5 percent of co-infection cases become chronic; HDV seems to suppress HBV replication and does not have the ability to replicate itself.’
      • ‘Instead of creating new cell material, the cell is confused and replicates the virus, which then replicates itself and spreads throughout the body.’
      • ‘When serum is present, alpha-defensin - 1 acts on vulnerable cells to block HIV infection at the stage when the virus is taken up by the cell and begins replicating itself and integrating into the host.’
      • ‘These scientists suggest that RNA was capable of ordering the sequence of amino acids, forming proteins, and replicating itself in a type of ‘RNA world,’ in which RNA was more important than DNA.’
      • ‘But when Diener announced his discovery, he was overturning the scientific dogma that held that an organism with no proteins wasn't supposed to be able to replicate itself.’
      • ‘Every time a chromosome replicates itself, its telomeres shorten in length.’
      • ‘A single egg cell replicates itself, and the offspring cells in turn replicate themselves, and so on.’
      • ‘It was hoped the gene would be absorbed by the brain and eventually replicate itself.’
      • ‘Like the AIDS virus, it uses RNA and not DNA to replicate itself.’
      • ‘But actually, HIV replicates itself rapidly during all phases of infection.’
      • ‘The virus would have been pretty awful if it had taken control of a large number of computers and started replicating itself.’
      • ‘But when Diener announced his discovery, he was overturning scientific dogma that held that an organism with no proteins couldn't replicate itself.’
      • ‘Researchers also had to tweak the organism's DNA so it would expend most of its energy making propanediol rather than replicating itself.’
      • ‘Despite the macrophages' defenses, the creature, because of its thick rind, often survives and slowly replicates itself until each macrophage is so full of tuberculosis bacteria that the cell bursts and dies.’
      • ‘AAV cannot replicate itself on its own, requiring a ‘helper’ virus infecting the same cell in the body.’
      • ‘And in doing so, the gene creates copies of its genetic material by replicating itself through intricate processes of cell division.’
      • ‘He says, ‘This fungus can replicate itself on daylilies, but another type of plant host is necessary for it to complete its life cycle.’’
      • ‘Moreover, arginine makes it possible for the herpes virus to replicate itself, so if you're troubled by frequent cold sores, give it a pass.’
    2. 1.2Repeat (a scientific experiment or trial) to obtain a consistent result.
      ‘these findings have been replicated by Metzger and Antes’
      • ‘It works on strict adherence to the scientific method, through double-blind studies, good lab practices, etc. and the ability to replicate results.’
      • ‘It argues for eliminating ‘cookbook labs,’ in which students replicate experiments where the results are already known.’
      • ‘Therefore, the next step is to see if these results can be replicated and further refined using samples from other universities.’
      • ‘This allows experiments to be replicated independently by anyone skeptical of the original results.’
      • ‘According to Gallagher, if DMI's test results were to be replicated nationwide, more than 67 million additional gallons would be sold each year in schools alone.’
      • ‘Those results were not replicated in any of several subsequent studies.’
      • ‘The foregoing simulation simply assumes that the trials replicate themselves based on what works.’
      • ‘The trials are being replicated in potato and pumpkin fields at The Rodale Institute, and in two other area vineyards.’
      • ‘Vermeer experimented with this device and took pains to replicate the optical distortions observed through the apparatus, such as discrepancies of scale, collapsed perspective, halations, and blurred focus.’
      • ‘This result is not consistently replicated in a more recent study by Davis-Friday, Liu, and Mittelstaedt.’
      • ‘As with all such research, its success hinges on findings whose results can be replicated.’
      copy, reproduce, duplicate, make a copy of, make a replica of
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  • 1[attributive] Of the nature of a copy.

    ‘a replicate Earth’
    another, duplicate, reproduction, twin, double, new, replicate, matching
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    1. 1.1Of the nature of a repetition of a scientific experiment or trial.
      ‘the variation of replicate measurements’
      • ‘In replicated trials, the hybrid was also resistant to Colorado potato beetle, an insect costing U.S. potato, tomato, and eggplant growers about $150 million annually.’
      • ‘As part of the Nebraska Soybean and Feed Grains Profitability Project, Jerry Mulliken has conducted replicated trials on his farm in Dodge County for four years to evaluate the effect of row cleaning on corn yield following soybean.’
      • ‘Nebraska farmer Jerry Mulliken has conducted replicated trials for six years to assess the effect of row cleaning operations prior to corn planting.’
      • ‘Because the tests were conducted on corn grown in replicated experiments, they could determine if the diagnostic test level accurately matched the plant response.’
      • ‘If the data were from replicated trials, there may not be any statistical difference between the results in the ‘Sample’ and ‘WP’ columns.’


  • 1A close or exact copy; a replica.

    ‘young reptiles should not be considered merely small replicates of adults’
    • ‘Subsequently, groups were randomly assigned to receive one of the three supplemental treatments (corn, rice bran, or soybean hulls), resulting in three replicates each of two years.’
    1. 1.1A repeated experiment or trial.
      ‘five replicates were performed per dilution’
      • ‘All fermentations were performed on duplicate days with two replicates per day.’
  • 2Music
    A tone one or more octaves above or below the given tone.


Late Middle English (in the sense ‘repeat’): from Latin replicat-, from the verb replicare, from re- back, again + plicare to fold. The current senses date from the late 19th century.