Definition of repeat in English:

repeat

verb

  • 1[reporting verb] Say again something one has already said:

    [with direct speech] ‘‘Are you hurt?’ he repeated’
    [with object] ‘Billy repeated his question’
    [with clause] ‘Ann repeated that she was very comfortable’
    • ‘This Haitian Vodou praise exclamation was immediately picked up and repeated by all of the Beninese participants as if it had already become part of Benin's Vodun liturgy.’
    • ‘Even if you've read everything that Moore has ever written, and know this already, it bears repeating.’
    • ‘I don't think I need to repeat what I've already said about this film.’
    • ‘Fisher repeated over and over that, to him, the question of the nature of capital and interest was directly linked to precise eugenic assumptions on the nature of economic agents.’
    • ‘The name Susanna is also repeated, echoing that same vowel and sibilant.’
    • ‘When the question was met with laughter, he merely repeated: ‘No, seriously, who are you?’’
    • ‘As the Chief Justice has already covered many facets of the film, I will try not to repeat most of what he has already said.’
    • ‘The consequences for the French Army are too well known to need repeating here.’
    • ‘‘Thank you,’ Bill repeated, speaking in German again, enunciating carefully.’
    recite, quote, reproduce
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    1. 1.1 Say again (something said or written by someone else):
      ‘he repeated the words after me’
      [with clause] ‘she repeated what I'd said’
      • ‘Similarly, Lee repeats Carter's greeting to his black buddies and creates many funny situations.’
      • ‘In other words, the CIA's educated guess, endlessly repeated in the media, appears to have been mistaken.’
      • ‘It's a film with a few biblical themes in it, either from the quick glances of Jesus, Joseph and Mary, or from the words that Ben-Hur repeats to Arrius or other figures.’
      • ‘The men continue to repeat Billy's blessing, but the Captain is not moved.’
      • ‘And more often than not, people just repeat what they heard.’
      • ‘By repeating the real Sherman's original words, the text implies that the caller is in fact Sherman.’
      • ‘He also repeated Judge Woolsey's famous remark about Ulysses being ‘emetic rather than erotic’ though he did not refer the court to his source.’
      • ‘I may be repeating what Armin wrote, but I'll say it anyway.’
      • ‘I like the repeated joke - a situation that is repeated so often that people laugh a lot when it first happens; laugh again because they recognise it.’
      • ‘The word ‘ONE’ is repeated twice on the inside of the front cover, very boldly but without further colour.’
      • ‘His point has been repeated, almost word for word, by US State Department spokesman Richard Boucher.’
      • ‘In his only reported speech in ‘The Grand Inquisitor,’ Christ repeats his own canonical words ‘Talitha cumi!’’
      • ‘Without repeating too much of what I wrote there seven years ago, I want to add some highlights that I only alluded to or didn't have the space to discuss in that essay.’
      • ‘And to overcome him is to repeat him, with a difference.’
      • ‘But he admitted they were words that could not be repeated in a family newspaper.’
      • ‘Bailey said he had merely repeated what people were saying he had done.’
      • ‘What struck me immediately, and throughout the short journey, was that the two ladies' command of the English language was restricted to only two words ‘No car’ which they kept repeating over and over.’
      • ‘I won't repeat what's been written extensively on how to store paper archives.’
      • ‘We can take that small gift, and rather than give in to the emptiness, the ever-echo that merely repeats us back to us - we can sing through it, and listen for something else.’
      • ‘I'll repeat here what I wrote as part of a much longer post on my blog.’
      say again, restate, reiterate, go through again, go over again, run through again, iterate, rehearse, recapitulate
      recite, quote, reproduce
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    2. 1.2repeat oneself Say or do the same thing again:
      ‘she was fretful and kept repeating herself’
      • ‘This way, it took me three years to finalise the script,’ informs the film - maker, who asserts that he never repeats himself.’
      • ‘If I'm repeating myself, I haven't noticed it yet.’
      • ‘‘We always aim to have a fresh programme, not to repeat ourselves,’ says Taylor.’
      • ‘The third stanza (if you could call it that) seems to be winding down, as Smith repeats herself, and then repeats herself again - the effect is like a slowing nervous twitch.’
      • ‘Proof I suppose that one of the advantages of being a feminist is that, by also being stupid, you never get bored of repeating yourself.’
      • ‘Then all of a sudden, you feel as if you're repeating yourself or it's just not fun anymore.’
      • ‘And I'll keep repeating myself until people realise that fee setting affects every single student at Victoria, and every single student at every tertiary institution.’
      • ‘One may think that becoming forgetful or repeating oneself is a natural part of growing older.’
      • ‘It's funny that music is one of the only artforms where you're constantly required to repeat yourself.’
      • ‘I always try to change it because you're playing those songs to the same people each tour and you don't want to just repeat yourself.’
      • ‘If you blog for long enough, you're bound to start to repeating yourself sooner or later, right?’
      • ‘He repeats himself, something broadcasters of his calibre rarely do.’
      • ‘But are there enough resources to play quality Kannada music without repeating oneself too much?’
      • ‘Nature never repeats herself, and the possibilities of one human soul will never be found in another.’
      • ‘How long can we keep treading cultural water before we start repeating ourselves?’
      • ‘What happens with writers is they start repeating themselves, and they have less experience, they stay home all the time.’
      • ‘Of course, that also means that they're in constant danger of repeating themselves.’
      • ‘A fine example of this is singer Madonna, who never repeats herself and keeps the interest of the audience alive.’
      • ‘He is not predictable, he seldom repeats himself, but he constantly surprises.’
      • ‘Mountstuart also contradicts and repeats himself, as diarists tend to do.’
      talk constantly, talk endlessly, talk repeatedly, keep talking, go on, go on talking, go on and on, dwell on the subject, refer to repeatedly, repeat oneself, ramble on, rant on
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    3. 1.3 Used for emphasis:
      ‘force was not—repeat, not—to be used’
  • 2[with object] Do (something) again or more than once:

    ‘earlier experiments were repeated on a larger scale’
    • ‘There he repeated the pattern of moving up through the ranks, and he was appointed BP's manager of acquisitions and disposals in 1993.’
    • ‘That's why an experimenter will repeat his experiment, and average the results.’
    • ‘Because it is becoming less and less likely every day that they will prosper by attempting to repeat the actions of the Baby Boomers who came before them.’
    • ‘He repeats it once too often, and it begs the question, ‘From whom?’’
    • ‘However, the exasperation over repeat offenders is completely reasonable.’
    • ‘Those who violate the Can Spam Act could be fined up to $5,000 for each violation - repeat offenders could even get jail time.’
    • ‘Gass repeated the experiment dozens of times - and each time the blade stopped immediately.’
    • ‘Forum director Fleur Knopperts said she had yet to decide whether or not to repeat the experiment.’
    • ‘The shock came when he repeated the experiment, this time telling volunteers which brand they were tasting.’
    • ‘The film stands up to and even demands repeated viewings, and that makes it the perfect candidate for purchase.’
    • ‘We repeated our experiment more often than was necessary to prove the point.’
    • ‘This pattern was repeated during WWII, during German occupation, and later by successive Communist regimes.’
    • ‘As if she wished to be understood as the mother of science fiction, Shelley repeated her futuristic experiment, publishing The Last Man in 1826.’
    • ‘Having already reached safe ground, his father hesitates for some time before attempting a rescue, more or less repeating the behavior of the two previous instances.’
    • ‘Kids will practice repeating various rhythms as well as moving to the beat.’
    • ‘The danger is that of repeating the old error: attempting to install a quick-fix imported system, rather than build or at least adapt one that is genuinely suited to local conditions.’
    • ‘Is it Doherty, who was repeating a pattern of bad behavior?’
    • ‘The results were so promising that Finley and Davis decided to repeat the experiment.’
    • ‘Who wants to repeat the same functions again and again?’
    • ‘This result lines up well with previous studies that also find repeated instances of biased consensus forecasts.’
    recurrent, frequent, persistent, unremitting, sustained, continual, incessant, constant, ceaseless
    regular, periodic, many, numerous, a great many, very many, countless
    more ... than one can shake a stick at
    do again, redo, replicate, duplicate, perform again
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    1. 2.1 Broadcast (a television or radio programme) again:
      ‘the thirteen episodes from the first two series were constantly repeated’
      • ‘If I have any other complaints, it's this: after issuing a stellar box set the previous October, why repeat one of the episodes from that set here?’
      • ‘Members of the audience asked whether the TV series, The Dancer's Body, would be repeated.’
      rebroadcast, rerun, reshow, replay
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    2. 2.2 Undertake (a course or period of instruction) again:
      ‘Mark had to repeat first and second grades’
      • ‘She knew that she could press ahead - and try to pass a retest in a month or two - but faculty members encouraged her to think about repeating her second-year coursework instead.’
      • ‘I missed 2 weeks of school and almost had to repeat second grade.’
      • ‘Young children often repeat grades because teachers or parents feel they have not acquired the appropriate academic or social skills to advance to the next grade.’
      • ‘I was in the classroom with Merce for over ten years and not once did he repeat a class.’
    3. 2.3repeat itself Occur again in the same way or form:
      ‘I don't intend to let history repeat itself’
      • ‘Our linguistic history is repeating itself in this latest verbal revolution.’
      • ‘While we do not necessarily expect history to repeat itself, a dollar rally may still take longer to materialise than many now seem to expect.’
      reoccur, occur again, happen again, recur, reappear
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    4. 2.4US [no object] Illegally vote more than once in an election.
    5. 2.5North American [no object] Attain an achievement again, especially by winning a championship for the second consecutive time:
      ‘the first team in nineteen years to repeat as NBA champions’
      • ‘Stu Ungar, who repeated as champion that year, was a coke-addled enfant terrible whose wavelength happened to be out of phase with that of the London man of letters.’
    6. 2.6 (of a watch or clock) strike (the last hour or quarter) over again when required:
      ‘a watch repeater that repeats hours and quarters’
  • 3British [no object] (of food) be tasted intermittently for some time after being swallowed as a result of belching or indigestion:

    ‘that cucumber repeated on me for hours’

noun

  • 1Something that occurs or is done again:

    ‘the final will be a repeat of last year’
    • ‘The discoveries may help thousands of wheat and barley growers envisioning a repeat of the original aphid's damage.’
    • ‘This would mean large numbers of people would not be able to afford their monthly mortgage payments and we could even see a repeat of the situation in the early 1990s.’
    • ‘And, clearly, the majority of Russians are averse to any repeat of the terror employed by the Soviets in 1918.’
    • ‘While maintaining that the current crops are safe to eat, biotechnology and food companies have feared a repeat of the controversy as new biotech animals near commercialization.’
    • ‘As many recall, the soybean market, along with other grains to a more limited extent, went through the roof during the past year; the coming year may perhaps be a repeat in some similar way.’
    • ‘Because there'll be no repeat, we believe ourselves safe, and tomorrow we'll be able to pretend that nothing happened.’
    • ‘Here was a repeat of the French-Algerian War, which inevitably led to torture and crimes by both the French and the Algerian guerrillas.’
    • ‘The first four dances are for the man; the next three for the woman, one of them a repeat of the man's steps but on pointe; then finishing with two together.’
    repetition, duplication, replication, rerun
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    1. 1.1 A repeated broadcast of a television or radio programme:
      ‘she goes home alone to TV dinners and repeats of ‘I Love Lucy’’
      • ‘We'd do a film together if somebody came up with an idea that wasn't a remake or a repeat or a sequel.’
      • ‘Frankly, I didn't think the show would hold up well for me in repeats.’
      • ‘But I feel like I've seen all the good shows anyway, virtually everything is repeats, either actually or conceptually, and I often have trouble focussing enough to watch most shows.’
      • ‘The Radio Times tells me there are no repeats of the show.’
      • ‘Is it new episodes or are they just showing the repeats?’
      • ‘The curious may want to rent this first or check out the endless repeats on cable.’
      • ‘By the way, if you missed the show, you can catch the repeat on Radio 4 at 5pm on Sunday, 27 April.’
      • ‘Presuming for a second that no one has ever watched repeats of the television show on Nick at Nite, the premise is that the central female character is a real-life honest to goodness witch, whose family are the only ones aware of her secret.’
      • ‘It's a show that the BBC have never shown a huge amount of faith in - even now, the repeats (when they come around) get played on BBC2.’
      • ‘The TNT people who botched this opportunity to create quality television are sentenced to watch endless repeats of Cletus Done Got His Hand Mangled In The Cotton Gin Agin, or whatever the hell they show on that network now.’
      • ‘Digital TV is here to stay without a doubt but, to be honest, I often find myself watching repeats of old favourites as much as anything.’
      • ‘The sound quality, you'll find, is definitely far improved over the muffled and muddied tracks that accompany syndicated repeats.’
      • ‘I must have seen that repeated on at least six international TV stations - over and over.’
      • ‘One CBS study found that the overall audience for the four major networks drops 10 percent to 15 percent between periods of original programming and the repeats that dominate non-sweeps months.’
      • ‘As with most movies of this genre, the cautionary example about man himself being more deadly that the undead denizens of destruction around him gets a tired repeat here.’
      • ‘At the moment, I am watching the repeats of ‘Bob and Rose’ on ITV2 on Sunday nights, because I didn't catch it the first time round.’
      • ‘I must have seen it either on video or as a repeat, but I was pretty blown away by it because there was just nothing like that on the telly.’
      • ‘Turned out they started the repeats on Saturday so yesterday was episodes 3-4.’
      • ‘It's the beautiful part about going back and watching the repeats of my favorite show on television at the current moment.’
      • ‘If ever a show deserved to get a repeat on terrestrial TV, this is it.’
      rerun, replay, rebroadcast, reshowing
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    2. 1.2[as modifier] Occurring, done, or used more than once:
      ‘a repeat prescription’
      ‘a repeat offender’
      • ‘It's an accomplished and intriguing set that never dulls the enthusiasm on repeat hearing, each new listening opens up a hitherto missed experience.’
      • ‘Ridge also reinstated the death penalty in Pennsylvania and instigated ‘three strikes and out’ legislation against repeat offenders.’
      • ‘Making something that will run for hundreds of episodes, that can withstand many repeat viewings by all sorts of people, that doesn't just plunder the zeitgeist, is quite another.’
      • ‘The company is chock-full of well known brands, enjoys steady, repeat custom, is making good financial progress and trades on a very reasonable valuation.’
      • ‘Some prizes will be up for bid only during narrow time windows, in order to draw repeat traffic throughout the peak summer selling season.’
      • ‘Although going beyond the obvious can make a film worthy of dissection and repeat viewings, failure to address the subject matter in a direct way can have the opposite effect.’
      • ‘Several of the repeat offenders say they ‘couldn't cope’ on the outside, while one says she'll only reoffend if she doesn't like it back in society.’
      • ‘And, like the best composers, he's created shifting songs that reveal new meaning with repeat listens.’
      • ‘This is a true crime for which they are repeat offenders.’
      • ‘Noel says gallery sales are around $2 to $3 million annually, with about 40 percent of that figure being repeat customers.’
      • ‘You might say that, with the substantial exception of repeat buildings or structures, to make a building is to undertake a piece of research, using that word colloquially.’
      • ‘Now, Hollywood's been known to dredge up old storylines again and again, and occasionally mine repeat gold out of a recycled chestnut.’
      • ‘However, they can also suffer from static displays which, having been viewed once, discourage repeat visits.’
      • ‘The sculptures in the Medici Palace repeat features of the Athenian sculpture reflected in works of art and described in the literary sources.’
      • ‘The reason why I want others to contribute is that I haven't fully come to terms with what it is about, but I'm sure it pays repeat viewings.’
      • ‘Kelley says repeat business at his gallery locations is about 60 percent and that his annual gallery sales are more than $1 million.’
      • ‘But seeing everything at once becomes tiresome, and I should think that the style does not attract much repeat business in either case.’
      • ‘All three films are intelligent thrillers, with enough subtext to support repeat viewings, but they are still visceral thrills at their core, not films about something.’
      • ‘Although some traders practiced fraud, others worked hard to acquire reputations for fair business practices in order to encourage repeat sales.’
      • ‘Still, yeah, the show is designed for repeat viewings, and there are dozens of running jokes that casual viewers won't get.’
    3. 1.3 A consignment of goods similar to one already received.
    4. 1.4 A decorative pattern which is repeated uniformly over a surface:
      [as modifier] ‘rugs with simple repeat patterns’
      • ‘His growing obsession with time and with adjusting all kinds of clocks from local Taipei to Paris time is amusing, but his actions are essentially repeats of a pattern, going in the same direction.’
      • ‘In subdued colours they comprise practically endless pattern repeats.’
      • ‘A repeat of the pattern after a pause would take commodity prices substantially higher.’
    5. 1.5Music A passage intended to be repeated.
      • ‘The melody in the tenor part was also often repeated, but not always to synchronize with the rhythmic repeat.’
    6. 1.6Music A mark indicating a passage to be repeated.
      • ‘He gives us few tempo indications, but gives us repeats that we can arbitrarily take or not.’
      • ‘The term was commonly used in Baroque instrumental music, such as concertos, and regularly in minuet-and-trio structures, to indicate the repeat of the minuet.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French repeter, from Latin repetere, from re- back + petere seek.

Pronunciation:

repeat

/rɪˈpiːt/