Definition of reparation in English:



  • 1The action of making amends for a wrong one has done, by providing payment or other assistance to those who have been wronged:

    ‘the courts required a convicted offender to make financial reparation to his victim’
    • ‘Do racialized groups or nations that have expropriated or exploited others in the past now owe reparations, and, if so, how should these be determined?’
    • ‘Yet one must not overestimate the political consequences; the gunboats were used to protect foreign nationals locally, and sometimes to exact reparation for injury done to them.’
    • ‘Promoters claim that African-Americans are eligible for tax credits related to slavery reparations and charge a fee to prepare the claim.’
    • ‘It continues to be controversial today; in March, a United Nations committee recommended that reparations be paid to the approximately 400 ex-residents of Africville.’
    • ‘In a personal sense their victimhood is short-changed because it is only a symbolic reparation and cannot fully appreciate the loss and suffering they have experienced and continue to live with.’
    • ‘Is there any way that we as a community can ever make reparation for this terrible rent in the social fabric?’
    • ‘This is not the tragedy of one man, but an exploration of the motives for revenge, and an interrogation of the notions of morality and punishment, wrongdoing and destructive attempts at seeking reparation.’
    • ‘For Kamala, this total enhancement is simply not envisaged in the reparation that society is prepared to make to her.’
    • ‘Since that time, there have been no reparations for those Magdalenes who worked without pay and no formal apology by the Irish Catholic Church.’
    • ‘Adam glanced at his friend's brooding expression, and sought to make reparation between the siblings.’
    • ‘The Austrian government just authorized the payment of 18.2 million euros in reparations to the Jewish community of Vienna.’
    • ‘So if the information was obtained lawfully, the question has to be whether the leak damaged Apple financially, in which case one could expect them to be due reparation.’
    • ‘Similar suits are to be filed in Illinois, Texas, and Louisiana, according to activist Deadria Farmer-Paellmann who has led recent campaigns for corporate reparations.’
    • ‘He dismisses reparations for slavery as a joke.’
    • ‘A number of people in the business community expressed the sentiment that the owners should be held accountable for the incident and that reparations should be sought.’
    • ‘Life owes me reparation for this, and I will see that I get it.’
    • ‘Now Harken is demanding that the Costa Rican government pay upwards of $12 million in reparations for its aborted exploits.’
    • ‘Financial reparation, she assumes, will be sufficient apology.’
    • ‘She took a little flat over some shops in North West London and led a more restful, retired life, made possible by the monthly payments of refugee reparation the lawyer arranged for her.’
    • ‘Frist should pay substantial reparations out of the vast fortune that has accrued from the Hospital Corporation of America, founded by his father and brother.’
    amends, restitution, redress, compensation, recompense, repayment, atonement
    indemnification, indemnity, damages
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1reparations The compensation for war damage paid by a defeated state:
      ‘the Treaty of Versailles imposed heavy reparations and restrictions on Germany’
      • ‘It has so far paid more than $45 billion in compensation and reparations.’
      • ‘In The Phoenix, the first appearance that a Zeppelin airship makes is on its way to the Allies as part payment of the reparations bill Germany incurred in the Treaty of Versailles.’
      • ‘The Dawes Plan adjusted reparation payments, and France withdrew from the Ruhr.’
      • ‘Following the armistice of 1944, Finland was obliged to pay reparations of 300 million gold dollars to the USSR, mostly in ships and other metal products.’
      • ‘Japan-Korea ties will hinge on what Tokyo expects and can ultimately get out of Pyongyang, especially in security assurances versus war reparations.’
      • ‘Despite the calls from many for retribution, it was generally accepted that a severe system of reparations, as in 1919, would not be acceptable.’
      • ‘He tried to prove that the sums demanded for reparations were far in excess of what Germany could afford to pay and to ‘transfer.’’
      • ‘In traditional accounts, the villain in the piece is Heinrich Brüning, a dour and ascetic Catholic whose austerity measures were designed to aggravate the slump in a bid to show that Germany could not pay reparations.’
      • ‘By 1924, after German default on reparations and tax increases, the economic situation was ripe for stabilization.’
      • ‘The Seagraves show how Japan and its Emperor were ‘got off the hook’, and were excused from paying huge war reparation funds because the nation was ‘bankrupt’.’
      • ‘While in a hospital suffering from mutism and hysterical blindness, he had a vision that he had a great mission to perform - that he was chosen by Providence to liberate Germany from reparations and make it great.’
      • ‘We can illustrate this with a country with a trade account that is in balance but an external debt inherited from the past (prior trade deficits, war reparations, etc.).’
      • ‘The reparations section and the ‘war-guilt’ clause would spark unending controversy.’’
      • ‘The second half of the chapter contains a well-argued analysis of the reparations problem that Germany faced and its role in exacerbating the Depression in Germany and the fall of the Weimar Republic.’
      • ‘The Treaty of Versailles, one of the peace settlements signed at the end of the First World War, required that Germany pay the Allies large sums of money as reparations for the damage caused by the war.’
      • ‘The economist Peter Warburton has likened these circumstances to the reparations a nation must pay when defeated in battle.’
      • ‘Relations with Germany were strained by the Versailles Treaty, which regulated Germany's territorial losses and reparation payments, which Germany found too harsh but which the French public did not consider stringent enough.’
      • ‘The war reparations don't crush Germany, the Nazi party never comes to power, and the Great Depression becomes more of a mild recession than a major market crash.’
      • ‘Questions about the implications of large unrequited payments from one country have been labeled transfer problems, for example, reparation payments from Germany to France after WWI.’
      • ‘This plan, created by Charles Dawes, an American, set realistic targets for German reparation payments.’
  • 2archaic The action of repairing something:

    ‘the old hall was pulled down to avoid the cost of reparation’
    • ‘Some were defamation cases, others sought reparation for the cost of delays and lost income.’


Late Middle English: from Old French, from late Latin reparatio(n-), from reparare make ready again (see repair).